Gomati, Gomatī: 12 definitions


Gomati means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Gomatī (गोमती).—Name of a river originating from Himālaya, a holy mountain (kulaparvata) in Bhārata, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 85. There are settlements (janapada) where Āryas and Mlecchas dwell who drink water from these rivers.

Bhārata is a region south of Hemādri, once ruled over by Bharata (son of Ṛṣabha), whose ancestral lineage can be traced back to Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Gomatī (गोमती).—(KAUŚIKĪ). A celebrated river of Purāṇic fame. This is worshipped as a goddess. The curse. Kaṃpa Rāmāyaṇa states that this river was Kauśikī, sister of Viśvāmitra. She became a river by a curse.

Kauśikī was married to a sage called Ṛcīka. Once Ṛcīka went to devaloka to see Brahmā. Kauśikī unable to bear the separation followed her husband by her power of chastity. On the way Ṛcīka saw her and cursed her and made her into a river. From that day onwards she started running as a river named Kauśikī. See under Kauśikī. (Bāla Kāṇḍa, Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa). Other details from the Purāṇas regarding Gomatī.

i) Śrī Rāma conducted the Aśvamedha yāga at Naimiśāraṇya on the banks of this river. (Uttara Rāmāyaṇa).

ii) The sins of those who drink the water of this river are washed away. (Śloka 20, Chapter 169, Ādi Parva).

iii) The devī of Gomatī river lives in the court of Varuṇa worshipping him. (Śloka 23, Chapter 9, Sabhā Parva).

iv) Dharmaputra came to this river during his pilgrimage. (Śloka 2, Chapter 95, Vana Parva).

v) Gomatī is the wife of Agnideva called Viśvabhuk. (Śloka 19, Chapter 219, Vana Parva).

vi) This is one of the most important rivers of Bhāratavarṣa. (Śloka 18, Chapter 9, Bhīṣma Parva).

vii) The land of Divodāsa, King of Ayodhyā, extended from the shores of Gaṅgā to the base of Gomatī. (Brahmāṇḍa Purāṇa, Chapter 2). (See full article at Story of Gomatī from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Gomati (गोमति).—A river in Bhāratavarṣa from the Himalayas visited by Balarāma; in the Naiṣameya region.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 19. 18; X. 79. 11; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa I. 2. 9; II. 16. 26. Matsya-purāṇa 114. 22; 163. 63. Vāyu-purāṇa 2. 9; 45. 95; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 14. 18.

2a) Gomatī (गोमती).—The capital of Divodāsa when Kāśī was destroyed by Kṣemaka.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 67. 29; Vāyu-purāṇa 92. 26.

2b) A goddess enshrined at Gomanta.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 13. 28.

2c) A tīrtham sacred to Pitṛs; the birth-place of Yajñavarāha.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 22. 13 and 31.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Gomatī (गोमती) refers to the name of a River or Tīrtha (pilgrim’s destination) mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. III.85.5, VI.10.17). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Gomatī) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Dietetics and Culinary Art (such as household cooking)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Gomatī (गोमती) is an important river whose water (jala) qualities are described in the Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Different types of water (jala) and their properties are mentioned here [viz., in jala-prakaraṇa]. The text explains the qualities of the water of certain important rivers like [viz., Gomatī].

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Gomatī (गोमती) is the name of a River, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 16) (“On the planets—graha-bhaktiyoga”), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “[...] Mars also presides over Nāsika Bhogavardhana, Virāṭa, the countries bordering on the Vindhya mountains and over the people living on the banks of the Tāpī and the Gomatī. [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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India history and geography

Source: archive.org: Geography in Ancient Indian inscriptions

Gomatī (गोमती) is the name of a river found in India .—It rises in the Shahjahanpur district of Uttar Pradesh, passes Lucknow and Jaunpur and flows into the Gaṅgā about half way between Varanasi and Gazipur.

Source: archive.org: Ceylon Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society 1963

Gomatī is the name of an ancient canal that existed in the Polonnaruva (Polonnaruwa) district of Ceylon (Sri Lanka).—Of the 29 canalso mentioned in the Cūlavaṃsa as having been constructed by Parakkamabāhu I, the Pūjāvaliya mentions only one, Aciravatī. This canal took off from the Mahavali-Gaṅga westward, and it had 4 branches which flowed eastward (towards the river): from the point at which the Aciravatī canal originated, another canal, named Gomatī, flowed eastward to east of the river and it had a branch which flowed northward. The site of the dam from which these two canals took off to right and left is about ½ a mile upstream of the island in the river now called Kāliṅga-nuvara. The left bank channel, Aciravatī, is now known as Kāliṅga Yodi-ala.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

gōmaṭī (गोमटी).—f A kind of bāṅgaḍī or glass-bracelet.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Gomatī (गोमती):—[=go-matī] [from go-mat > go] a f. (go-matī) a place abounding in herds of cattle, [Ṛg-veda iv, 21, 4 and v, 61, 19]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of a village in the north [gana] palady-adi

3) [v.s. ...] (go-matī) Name of a river falling into the Indus, [Ṛg-veda viii, 24, 30 and x, 75, 10]

4) [v.s. ...] another river falling into the Ganges, [Mahābhārata iii, iv] (metrically ti, [513]), [vi, xii, xiii; Harivaṃśa; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] (with or without vidyā) Name of a Vedic hymn or formula to be repeated during expiation for killing a cow, [Mahābhārata xiii; Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi i, 7]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of Dākṣāyaṇī in the Go-manta mountain, [Matsya-purāṇa xiii, 28.]

7) Gomati (गोमति):—[=go-mati] [from go] for See sub voce -mat.

8) Gomatī (गोमती):—[=go-matī] [from go] b f. of -mat q.v.

[Sanskrit to German]

Gomati in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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