Rasana, Raśanā, Rashana, Rasanā, Rāsana: 13 definitions

Introduction

Rasana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Raśanā can be transliterated into English as Rasana or Rashana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Kosha (encyclopedic lexicons)

Source: Google Books: Kalātattvakośa, volume 2

Rasanā (रसना):—“The process of ‘tasting’ (rasanā) is accomplished through the blending (saṃyoga) of vibhāva etc. (which themselves are extraordinary); hence the object of experience through rasanā viz. rasa is something that is extraordinary (lokottara); this is the purport of the Sūtra (expounding rasa)” (See the Abhinavabhāratī, a commentary by Abhinavagupta on the Nāṭya-śāstra,- VI.31).

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Kosha (कोश, kośa) refers to Sanskrit lexicons intended to provide additional information regarding technical terms used in religion, philosophy and the various sciences (shastra). The oldest extant thesaurus (kosha) dates to the 4th century AD.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Rasana (रसन).—A son of the Rākṣasa Vidyuta.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 95.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Raśanā (रशना) refers to a “girdle of sixteen strings” and is a type of ornament (ābharaṇa) for the hips (śroṇī) to be worn by females, according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. Such ornaments for females should be used in cases of human females and celestial beings (gods and goddesses).

Ābharaṇa (‘ornaments’, eg., raśanā) is a category of alaṃkāra, or “decorations”, which in turn is a category of nepathya, or “costumes and make-up”, the perfection of which forms the main concern of the Āhāryābhinaya, or “extraneous representation”, a critical component for a successful dramatic play.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 2: the Category of the living

Rasana (रसन, “tasting”) or rasanendriya refers to one of the “five sense-organs” (pañcendriya), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 2.19. What is the meaning of taste sense organ? The sense organ used by its owner for tasting an object of knowledge is called taste sense organ (rasana-indriya).

The respective object of tasting (rasana) is taste (rasa). What is the meaning of taste? Cognition which results by tasting the object of knowledge is called taste.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

rasanā : (f.) a girdle for women. || see mekhalā.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

raśanā (रशना).—f S A cord or string generally. 2 A woman's cincture or girdle (of gold or silver).

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rasanā (रसना).—f S Tasting. 2 The tongue (considered as the organ of taste).

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rāsanā (रासना).—f (rāsnā S) A medicinal shrub, Mimosa octandra. 2 Its root as a drug.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

rasanā (रसना).—f Tasting. The tongue.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Raśanā (रशना).—[aś-yuc raśādeśaḥ cf. aśnute jaghanam Uṇ. 2.75]

1) A rope, cord.

2) A rein, bridle.

3) A zone, girdle, woman's girdle; तान् वीक्ष्य वातरशनांश्चतुरः कुमारान् (tān vīkṣya vātaraśanāṃścaturaḥ kumārān) Bhāg.3.15.3; रसतु रसनापि तव घनजघनमण्डले घोषयतु मन्मथनिदेशम् (rasatu rasanāpi tava ghanajaghanamaṇḍale ghoṣayatu manmathanideśam) Gīt.1; R.7.1;8.58; Me.37.

4) The tongue; वदने विनिवेशिता भुजङ्गी पिशुनानां रसनामिषेण धात्रा (vadane viniveśitā bhujaṅgī piśunānāṃ rasanāmiṣeṇa dhātrā) Bv.1.111; tongue as an organ of taste; रसनया भाव्यमाना मधुराम्लतिक्तकटुकषायलवणभेदाः षड्रसाः (rasanayā bhāvyamānā madhurāmlatiktakaṭukaṣāyalavaṇabhedāḥ ṣaḍrasāḥ) Bhāvanopaniṣad 2.

See also (synonyms): rasanā.

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Rasana (रसन).—[ras-lyuṭ]

1) Crying, screaming, roaring, sounding, tinkling, noise or sound in general.

2) Thunder, rumbling or muttering of clouds.

3) Taste, flavour.

4) The organ of taste, the tongue; इन्द्रियं रसग्राहकं रसनं जिह्वाग्रवर्ति (indriyaṃ rasagrāhakaṃ rasanaṃ jihvāgravarti) T. S.; Bg.15.9; न जयेद्रसनं यावज्जितं सर्वं जिते रसे (na jayedrasanaṃ yāvajjitaṃ sarvaṃ jite rase) Bhāg.11.8.21.

5) Perception, appreciation, sense; सर्वेऽपि रसनाद्रसाः (sarve'pi rasanādrasāḥ) S. D. 244.

-naḥ Phlegm.

Derivable forms: rasanam (रसनम्).

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Rasanā (रसना).—See रशना (raśanā).

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Rāsana (रासन).—a. (- f.)

1) Relating to the tongue.

2) Savoury, palatable.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Rasanā (रसना).—name of an artery, vein, or passage-way (nāḍī) in the body: Sādhanamālā 448.11 ff.; nāḍyo lalanā-rasanāvadhū- tayaḥ 11; rasanopāyena saṃsthitā 13; rasanā raktapra- vāhinī 15; compare lalanā and avadhūtī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Raśanā (रशना).—f.

(-nā) 1. A tongue. 2. A woman’s girdle or zone. E. See rasana .

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Rasana (रसन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Tasting, taste. 2. Sound, noise. 3. Thunder. f.

(-nā) 1. The tongue. 2. A rope. 3. A bridle. 4. A plant, commonly Rasna. 5. A woman’s girdle, a sort of chain worn round the loins. 6. A plant, (Pæderia fœtida.) E. ras to sound or taste, aff. yuc; or to eat, yuc Unadi aff., and raśa substituted; also raśanā .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Raśanā (रशना).—see rasana.

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Rasana (रसन).—[ras + ana], I. n. 1. Sounding, tinkling. 2. Tasting, Bhāṣāp. 39; [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 15, 9. Ii. f. (written also raśanā, and perhaps akin to raśmi, q. cf.). 1. A woman’s girdle, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 115. 2. The tongue, Bhāṣāp. 100.

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Rāsana (रासन).—m. = rasa, Pān. Sch. iv. 2, 92.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Raśanā (रशना).—[feminine] cord, strap, rein; girdle, [especially] of a woman, adj. —° girt or surrounded by.

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Rasana (रसन).—1. [neuter] roaring, screaming, sounding i.[grammar]

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Rasana (रसन).—2. [masculine] phlegm; [feminine] ā tongue; [neuter] tasting, feeling.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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