Rasana, Raśanā, Rashana, Rasanā, Rāsana: 26 definitions


Rasana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Raśanā can be transliterated into English as Rasana or Rashana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Rashan.

In Hinduism

Kosha (encyclopedic lexicons)

Source: Google Books: Kalātattvakośa, volume 2

Rasanā (रसना):—“The process of ‘tasting’ (rasanā) is accomplished through the blending (saṃyoga) of vibhāva etc. (which themselves are extraordinary); hence the object of experience through rasanā viz. rasa is something that is extraordinary (lokottara); this is the purport of the Sūtra (expounding rasa)” (See the Abhinavabhāratī, a commentary by Abhinavagupta on the Nāṭya-śāstra,- VI.31).

context information

Kosha (कोश, kośa) refers to Sanskrit lexicons intended to provide additional information regarding technical terms used in religion, philosophy and the various sciences (shastra). The oldest extant thesaurus (kosha) dates to the 4th century AD.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Raśanā (रशना) refers to a “(female) waist girdle”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.45 (“Śiva’s comely form and the Jubilation of the Citizens”).—Accordingly, after Menā spoke to Śiva: “By that time the ladies of the town left the work they were engaged in, in their eagerness to see Śiva. [...] A certain lady engaged in fanning her husband in the company of her maid left that job and came out to see Śiva with the fan still in her hands. Another lady engaged in suckling her babe at her breast left him dissatisfied and came out eagerly to see the lord. Another lady engaged in trying her waist girdle (raśanā) came out with it. Another lady came out with garments worn inside out. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Rasana (रसन).—A son of the Rākṣasa Vidyuta.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 95.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Raśanā (रशना) refers to a “girdle of sixteen strings” and is a type of ornament (ābharaṇa) for the hips (śroṇī) to be worn by females, according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. Such ornaments for females should be used in cases of human females and celestial beings (gods and goddesses).

Ābharaṇa (‘ornaments’, eg., raśanā) is a category of alaṃkāra, or “decorations”, which in turn is a category of nepathya, or “costumes and make-up”, the perfection of which forms the main concern of the Āhāryābhinaya, or “extraneous representation”, a critical component for a successful dramatic play.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: Vaisnava Agamas And Visnu Images

Raśanā (रशना) refers to a “girdle” and represents a type of “ornaments for the loins” (śroṇī), as defined in treatises such as the Pāñcarātra, Pādmasaṃhitā and Vaikhānasa-āgamas, extensively dealing with the technical features of temple art, iconography and architecture in Vaishnavism.—Bharata (cf. Nāṭyaśāstra 23.35-37) mentions the ornaments for the loins (śroṇī) [viz. raśanā (girdle) with sixteen strings of pearls].

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Rasanā (रसना):—Tongue. Gustatory apparatus. One of the five sense organs that percieves taste.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Rasana (रसन) refers to the “tongue”, according to the Yogayājñavalkya, an ancient Sanskrit text from the 8th century dealing with the eight components of Yoga in over 500 verses.—Accordingly, [while describing a practice of breathing]: “Having drawn the breath in through the tongue (rasana) [whose edges are curled up to form a tube], the man who constantly drinks [the breath this way] does not [suffer from] fatigue or [excessive] heat [in the body] and all [minor] diseases are cured. Having drawn in the breath at the junctures of the day or an hour before sunrise, he who drinks it [thus] for three months, good lady, [gains] eloquent speech and within six months of practice, he is freed from all serious diseases”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: 84000: Sampuṭodbhava Tantra (Emergence from Sampuṭa)

Rasanā (रसना) refers to one of the primary thirty-two energy-channels in the body, according to the Sampuṭodbhavatantra chapter 1.—Accordingly, “[Vajragarbha asked, ‘What subtle energy channels are in the body?’]—The Blessed One said, ‘There are one hundred and twenty of them, corresponding to the divisions within the four cakras. The chief ones, those with bodhicitta as their innate nature, are thirty-two in number. They are: [i.e., Rasanā] [...]’.”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 2: the Category of the living

Rasana (रसन, “tasting”) or rasanendriya refers to one of the “five sense-organs” (pañcendriya), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 2.19. What is the meaning of taste sense organ? The sense organ used by its owner for tasting an object of knowledge is called taste sense organ (rasana-indriya).

The respective object of tasting (rasana) is taste (rasa). What is the meaning of taste? Cognition which results by tasting the object of knowledge is called taste.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Rasana in India is the name of a plant defined with Inula helenium in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Aster helenium (L.) Scop. (among others).

2) Rasana is also identified with Pluchea lanceolata It has the synonym Berthelotia lanceolata DC. var. senegalensis (etc.).

3) Rasana is also identified with Vanda tessellata It has the synonym Cymbidium tessellatum (Roxb.) Sw. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Botanika (Minsk) (1987)
· Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. (1799)
· Species Plantarum (1753)
· Botaniceskjij Žurnal SSSR
· Nouveau Bulletin des Sciences, Publie par la Société Philomatique de Paris (1817)
· Taxon (1981)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Rasana, for example pregnancy safety, side effects, chemical composition, extract dosage, diet and recipes, health benefits, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

rasanā : (f.) a girdle for women. || see mekhalā.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

raśanā (रशना).—f S A cord or string generally. 2 A woman's cincture or girdle (of gold or silver).

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rasanā (रसना).—f S Tasting. 2 The tongue (considered as the organ of taste).

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rāsanā (रासना).—f (rāsnā S) A medicinal shrub, Mimosa octandra. 2 Its root as a drug.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

rasanā (रसना).—f Tasting. The tongue.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Raśanā (रशना).—[aś-yuc raśādeśaḥ cf. aśnute jaghanam Uṇādi-sūtra 2.75]

1) A rope, cord.

2) A rein, bridle.

3) A zone, girdle, woman's girdle; तान् वीक्ष्य वातरशनांश्चतुरः कुमारान् (tān vīkṣya vātaraśanāṃścaturaḥ kumārān) Bhāgavata 3.15.3; रसतु रसनापि तव घनजघनमण्डले घोषयतु मन्मथनिदेशम् (rasatu rasanāpi tava ghanajaghanamaṇḍale ghoṣayatu manmathanideśam) Gītagovinda 1; R.7.1;8.58; Meghadūta 37.

4) The tongue; वदने विनिवेशिता भुजङ्गी पिशुनानां रसनामिषेण धात्रा (vadane viniveśitā bhujaṅgī piśunānāṃ rasanāmiṣeṇa dhātrā) Bv.1.111; tongue as an organ of taste; रसनया भाव्यमाना मधुराम्लतिक्तकटुकषायलवणभेदाः षड्रसाः (rasanayā bhāvyamānā madhurāmlatiktakaṭukaṣāyalavaṇabhedāḥ ṣaḍrasāḥ) Bhāvanopaniṣad 2.

See also (synonyms): rasanā.

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Rasana (रसन).—[ras-lyuṭ]

1) Crying, screaming, roaring, sounding, tinkling, noise or sound in general.

2) Thunder, rumbling or muttering of clouds.

3) Taste, flavour.

4) The organ of taste, the tongue; इन्द्रियं रसग्राहकं रसनं जिह्वाग्रवर्ति (indriyaṃ rasagrāhakaṃ rasanaṃ jihvāgravarti) T. S.; Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 15.9; न जयेद्रसनं यावज्जितं सर्वं जिते रसे (na jayedrasanaṃ yāvajjitaṃ sarvaṃ jite rase) Bhāgavata 11.8.21.

5) Perception, appreciation, sense; सर्वेऽपि रसनाद्रसाः (sarve'pi rasanādrasāḥ) S. D. 244.

-naḥ Phlegm.

Derivable forms: rasanam (रसनम्).

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Rasanā (रसना).—See रशना (raśanā).

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Rāsana (रासन).—a. (- f.)

1) Relating to the tongue.

2) Savoury, palatable.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Rasanā (रसना).—name of an artery, vein, or passage-way (nāḍī) in the body: Sādhanamālā 448.11 ff.; nāḍyo lalanā-rasanāvadhū- tayaḥ 11; rasanopāyena saṃsthitā 13; rasanā raktapra- vāhinī 15; compare lalanā and avadhūtī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Raśanā (रशना).—f.

(-nā) 1. A tongue. 2. A woman’s girdle or zone. E. See rasana .

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Rasana (रसन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Tasting, taste. 2. Sound, noise. 3. Thunder. f.

(-nā) 1. The tongue. 2. A rope. 3. A bridle. 4. A plant, commonly Rasna. 5. A woman’s girdle, a sort of chain worn round the loins. 6. A plant, (Pæderia fœtida.) E. ras to sound or taste, aff. yuc; or to eat, yuc Unadi aff., and raśa substituted; also raśanā .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Raśanā (रशना).—see rasana.

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Rasana (रसन).—[ras + ana], I. n. 1. Sounding, tinkling. 2. Tasting, Bhāṣāp. 39; [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 15, 9. Ii. f. (written also raśanā, and perhaps akin to raśmi, q. cf.). 1. A woman’s girdle, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 115. 2. The tongue, Bhāṣāp. 100.

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Rāsana (रासन).—m. = rasa, Pān. Sch. iv. 2, 92.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Raśanā (रशना).—[feminine] cord, strap, rein; girdle, [especially] of a woman, adj. —° girt or surrounded by.

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Rasana (रसन).—1. [neuter] roaring, screaming, sounding i.[grammar]

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Rasana (रसन).—2. [masculine] phlegm; [feminine] ā tongue; [neuter] tasting, feeling.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Raśanā (रशना):—f. ([probably] connected with raśmi and rāśi and derived from a lost √raś) a rope, cord, strap

2) rein, bridle

3) girth, girdle, zone ([especially] of woman), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. (also [figuratively] applied to the fingers; cf. [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska ii, 5])

4) a ray of light, beam, [Śāṅkhāyana-brāhmaṇa]

5) the tongue ([wrong reading] for rasanā), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) (ifc.) girt by, dependent on [Harivaṃśa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

7) Raśana (रशन):—[from raśanā] in [compound] for raśanā

8) Rasana (रसन):—[from ras] 1. rasana n. (for 2. See p. 870, col. 3) the act of roaring or screaming or rumbling or thundering, any sound or noise, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Bālarāmāyaṇa]

9) [v.s. ...] croaking (of frogs), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

10) [from ras] 2. rasana m. (for 1. See p. 869, col. 2) phlegm or saliva (regarded as the cause to taste to the tongue), [Śārṅgadhara-saṃhitā]

11) Rasanā (रसना):—[from rasana > ras] a f. See below

12) Rasana (रसन):—[from ras] n. tasting, taste, flavour, savour, [Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata] etc.

13) [v.s. ...] the tongue as organ of taste, [Tarkasaṃgraha]

14) [v.s. ...] the being sensible of (anything), perception, apprehension, sense, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

15) Rasanā (रसना):—[from ras] b f. the tongue as organ of taste, [Maitrī-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata] etc.

16) [v.s. ...] Name of two plants (= gandha-bhadrā and rāsnā), [Bhāvaprakāśa]

17) Rāsana (रासन):—[from rās] 1. rāsana See ghora-r.

18) 2. rāsana mfn. ([from] rasanā) relating to or perceptible by the tongue, savoury, palatable, [Pāṇini 4-2, 92 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Raśanā (रशना):—(nā) 1. f. The tongue; woman’s girdle or zone.

2) Rasana (रसन):—(naṃ) 1. n. Tasting; noise. f. () The tongue; woman’s girdle.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Rasana (रसन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Rasaṇa, Rasaṇā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Rasana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Rasanā (रसना) [Also spelled rasna]:—(nf) the tongue; —[kholanā] to speak out; —[tālū se laganā] to become mute, to be quiet.

2) Rāśana (राशन) [Also spelled rashan]:—(nm) ration/rationing.

context information


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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Rasaṇa (रसण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Rasana.

2) Rasaṇā (रसणा) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Rasanā.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Raśana (ರಶನ):—

1) [noun] an ornamental band of metal, esp. of gold or silver, for a woman’s waist; a girdle.

2) [noun] a narrow strap of leather attached to each end of the bit in the mouth of a horse, and held by the rider or driver to control the animal; reins.

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Rasana (ರಸನ):—

1) [noun] the act of tasting.

2) [noun] the tongue, the tasting organ.

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Rāsana (ರಾಸನ):—

1) [noun] a shouting aloud.

2) [noun] the loud, harsh cry of a donkey or a sound like this; bray.

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Rāsanā (ರಾಸನಾ):—[noun] the plant Vanda tessellata ( = V. roxburghii, = Epidendrum tesseloides) of Orchidaceae family.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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