Rasna, Rāsnā, Rashna, Rasona, Rasa-una: 13 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Rasna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Rāsnā (रास्ना) is a Sanskrit word referring to Pluchea lanceolata, a species of plant from the Asteraceae (sunflower) family of flowering plants. It is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. The literal translation of Rāsnā is “a girdle”.

This plant (Rāsnā) is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which forms the first chapter of the Sanskrit work called Mādhavacikitsā.

Source: PMC: Ayurvedic management of postlumbar myelomeningocele surgery

Caraka has identified Rāsnā (Pluchea lanceolata) as the prime drug for subduing vāta vitiation.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Rāsnā (रास्ना) is another name for Śvetakaṇṭakārī, a medicinal plant related to Kaṇṭakārī, according to verse 4.33-36 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Rāsnā and Śvetakaṇṭakārī, there are a total of twenty-four Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Rāsnā (रास्ना) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Alpinia galanga (Linn.) Willd.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning rāsnā] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Rāsnā (रास्ना):—One of the sixty-seven Mahauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature). These drugs are useful for processing mercury (rasa), such as the alchemical processes known as sūta-bandhana and māraṇa.

Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

rāṣṇā (राष्णा).—m (Properly rāsnā) A plant, Mimosa octandra: also its root as a drug.

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rāsnā (रास्ना).—m S A medicinal shrub, Mimosa octandra.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rāsnā (रास्ना).—f.

(-snā) 1. A plant, (Mimosa octandra.) 2. Another plant, (the serpent ophioxylon.) 3. A sort of perfume. E. ras to sound, nak Unadi aff., and the vowel made long.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rasna (रस्न).—n. A thing.

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Rāsnā (रास्ना).—f. A sort of perfume.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rasona (रसोन).—[masculine] a kind of garlic.

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Rāsnā (रास्ना).—[feminine] girdle; poss. rāsnāva.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Rasona (रसोन):—[from rasa > ras] a See rasona, p.871.

2) [from rasuna] b m. idem, [Suśruta; cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) Rasna (रस्न):—n. (said to be [from] √1. ras) a thing, object, [Uṇādi-sūtra iii, 12 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

4) Rasnā (रस्ना):—[from rasna] f. = rasanā, the tongue, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) Rāsnā (रास्ना):—f. a girdle (cf. raśanā, raśmi), [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

6) the ichneumon plant, [Suśruta; Śārṅgadhara-saṃhitā] ([varia lectio] rāṣṇā)

7) Name of various other plants (Mimosa Octandra; Acampe Papillosa etc.), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) bdellium, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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