Pravartita, Pravartitā: 9 definitions


Pravartita means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Pravartita in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Pravartitā (प्रवर्तिता) refers to “setting something in operation”, according to the second recension of the Yogakhaṇḍa of the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “[...] Then he became Bhairava, the abode of blood, in the sacrifice. (Thus) Bhairava bore the form of Sadyojāta (sadyarūpa—the Immediately Born). (He was) Sadyanātha, the first (ādi) Bhairava in the lineage of Siddhas beginning with Sadya. He acquired the conventional name ‘Mitra’ and was then Bhairava of the divine Command. He was freed from the fetters of Karma and the Kaula Command was set into operation [i.e., pravartitā]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: VedaBase: Śrīmad Bhāgavatam

Pravartitā (प्रवर्तिता) means “established”, according to the Śrīmad Bhāgavatam verse 10.47.24ff.—Accordingly, “[...] Devotional service unto Lord Kṛṣṇa is attained by charity, strict vows, austerities and fire sacrifices, by japa, study of Vedic texts, observance of regulative principles and, indeed, by the performance of many other auspicious practices. By your great fortune you have established [i.e., pravartitā] an unexcelled standard of pure devotion for the Lord, Uttamaḥśloka — a standard even the sages can hardly attain. [...]”.

Note: The term pravartitā indicates that the Gopīs brought to this world a standard of pure love of God that was previously unknown on the earth. Thus Uddhava congratulates them on their unparalleled contribution to the religious life.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Pravartita in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Pravartita (प्रवर्तित) refers to the “flowing” (of a stream), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.4.7 (“Commencement of the War”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “[...] The backs of some were torn with javelins and goads. Several heads chopped off by double-edged swords fell on the ground. Hundreds of headless, limbless trunks were seen dancing and bouncing with arrows sticking to their hands. Blood flowed (pravartita) like streams in hundreds of places. Hundreds of ghosts and goblins flocked there. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Pravartita in Mahayana glossary
Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Pravartita (प्रवर्तित) refers to “reciting” (as part of an offering ceremony), according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [while describing an offering manual] “[...] Merely upon reciting (pravartita), all winds, clouds and thunderbolts are destroyed. All harmful Nāgas are destroyed. They do not prevail. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Pravartita in Jainism glossary
Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Pravartita (प्रवर्तित) refers to “(being) accomplished”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Having become indifferent [to worldly life], certainly the benefit of this life is obtained by those whose actions are virtuous by whom the body is rendered useless for the sake of [their] self [com.—It is accomplished (pravartitam) in asceticism, self-control, etc, (tapaḥsaṃyamādiṣu)]. Having taken hold of this body in this life, suffering is endured by you. Hence, that [body] is certainly a completely worthless abode”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pravartita in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pravartita (प्रवर्तित).—p Set on foot; established. In- stigated, incited.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pravartita in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pravartita (प्रवर्तित).—p. p.

1) Caused to turn, made to go or roll onwards, revolving; चमरान् परितः प्रवर्तिताश्वः (camarān paritaḥ pravartitāśvaḥ) R.9.66.

2) Founded, set up, established.

3) Prompted, incited, instigated.

4) Kindled; प्रवर्तितो दीप इव प्रदीपात् (pravartito dīpa iva pradīpāt) R.5.37.

5) Caused, made.

6) Purified, rendered pure; गोभिः प्रवर्तिते तीर्थे (gobhiḥ pravartite tīrthe) Manusmṛti 11.196.

7) Informed.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pravartita (प्रवर्तित):—[=pra-vartita] [from pra-varta > pra-vṛt] mfn. ([from] [Causal]) caused to roll on or forwards, set in motion, set on foot, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] set up, established, introduced, appointed, [ib.]

3) [v.s. ...] built, erected, made, performed, accomplished, [ib.]

4) [v.s. ...] related, told, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] made pure, hallowed, [Manu-smṛti xi, 196]

6) [v.s. ...] informed, apprized, [Horace H. Wilson]

7) [v.s. ...] stimulated, incited, [ib.]

8) [v.s. ...] lighted, kindled, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

9) [v.s. ...] dispensed, administered, [Macdonell’s Dictionary, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] allowed to take its course, [ib.]

11) [v.s. ...] enforced, [ib.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pravartita in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Pravartita (ಪ್ರವರ್ತಿತ):—

1) [adjective] gone ahead; moved forward; progressed.

2) [adjective] engaged in (as in a work, undertaking, etc.

3) [adjective] spread or extended over a wide or wider area.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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