Shalakapurusha, Shalaka-purusha, Śalākāpuruṣa, Śalākāpuruṣā: 4 definitions



Shalakapurusha means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śalākāpuruṣa and Śalākāpuruṣā can be transliterated into English as Salakapurusa or Shalakapurusha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Shalakapurusha in Jainism glossary
Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 3: The Lower and middle worlds

Śalākāpuruṣa (शलाकापुरुष).—Who are the sixty three famous personalities (śalākā-puruṣa)? These are: 24 ford-makers (tīrthaṅkaras), 9 lords (nārāyaṇa), 9 rivals of lords (pratinārāyaṇa), 9 co-brothers of lords (balabhadra) and 12 supreme-lords (cakravarti).


General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shalakapurusha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śalākāpuruṣā (शलाकापुरुषा).—Name of 63 divine personages among Jainas.

Derivable forms: śalākāpuruṣāḥ (शलाकापुरुषाः).

Śalākāpuruṣā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms śalākā and puruṣā (पुरुषा).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śalākāpuruṣa (शलाकापुरुष).—m. plu.

(-ṣāḥ) Sixty-three persons considered by the Jainas as sacred and divine, viz.:—the 24 Jinas, 12 Chacravartties, 9. Vasudevas, 9 Baladevas, and 9 Prati vasudevas.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śalākāpuruṣa (शलाकापुरुष):—[=śalākā-puruṣa] [from śalākā > śal] m. [plural] (with Jainas) Name of 63 divine personages (viz. the 24 Jainas, 12 Cakravartins, 9 Vāsudevas, 9 Bala-devas, and 9 Prati-vāsu-devas), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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