Pratisamvid, aka: Pratisaṃvid; 6 Definition(s)

Introduction

Pratisamvid means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Pratisamvid in Mahayana glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

1) Pratisaṃvid (प्रतिसंविद्) refers to the “four infallible knowledges” according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXVIII). Accordingly, “The infallible knowledge of teaching (dharma-pratisaṃvid) and that of the voice (nirukti-pratisaṃvid) are of two levels, kāmadhātu and the first dhyāna; the other two pratisaṃvids, [of things (artha) and of eloquence (pratibhāna)] are of nine levels: kāmadhātu, four dhyānas and four ārūpya-samāpattis”.

2) Pratisaṃvid (प्रतिसंविद्) refers to the “four unhindered knowledges”, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XL. The pratisaṃvids, literally ‘special knowledges’, in Pāli, paṭisambhidā, “explanations, knowledges or unhindered speech” are the unimpeded, unfailing knowledges that make a good preacher.

The pratisaṃvids are four in number:

  1. artha-pratisaṃvid: knowledge of the thing designated.
  2. dharma-pratisaṃvid: knowledge of the designation.
  3. nirukti-pratisaṃvid: knowledge of vocal expression.
  4. pratibhāna-pratisaṃvid: knowledge of elocution or, more simply, eloquence.

The pratisaṃvids are inseparable: the person who possesses one possesses all of them. On the other hand, they are the same in all, although realized to varying degrees. Thus, there is no way to make distinctions between the pratisaṃvid of the Śrāvaka, the Bodhisattva or the Buddha if this is not in the mind or intention governing their practice.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Pratisamvid in Buddhism glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Pratisaṃvid (प्रतिसंविद्) refers to the “four analytical knowledges” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 51):

  1. dharma-pratisaṃvid (analytical knowledge of the way things are),
  2. artha-pratisaṃvid (analytical knowledge of meaning),
  3. nirukti-pratisaṃvid (analytical knowledge of language),
  4. pratibhāna-pratisaṃvid (the analytical knowledge of inspired speech).

The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., pratisaṃvid). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Pratisaṃvid (प्रतिसंविद्) pratisaṃvidā [paṭisambhidā] analytical knowledge. The analytical knowledge is fourfold, namely, analytical knowledge with regard to meaning (artha) [attha]; with regard to the doctrine, to reasons, conditions or causal relations (dharma) [dhamma]; with regard to etymology (nirukti) [nirutti]; and intellect that perceives the things in the above mentioned triple context (pratibhāna) [paṭibhāna].

Reference: Aṭṭhasālinī. Nidāna. 48; IV. 567. Mahāyāna-Sūtrālaṅkāra. IV. 18.

 

Source: DLMBS: Buddhānusmṛti

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pratisamvid in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Pratisaṃvid (प्रतिसंविद्).—f. (also °vidā and app. °vida; see following items; = Pali paṭisaṃbhidā, which is often, but questionably, assumed to be the orig. form), special knowledge, of which there are four (the same in Pali), dharma, artha (or in reverse order), nirukti, pratibhāna; on their mgs. see LaV-P. AbhidhK. vii.89 ff.; Lévi, Sūtrāl. xviii.34; Burnouf, Lotus, App. XVII; and for Pali, Chil- ders, and Kvu. transl. 377—382; lists of the four: Mvy 196—200; Dharmas 51; SP 393.11—12 (here without the term pratisaṃvid); listed with more or less detailed de- finitions of each, Dbh 77.3 ff.; Bbh 214.11 ff.; 258.4 ff.; °vid-avatāra, LV 8.13; 35.16; °vid-gatiṃgata, SP 202.10; LV 2.8 (so read with v.l:, confirmed by Tibetan, for text pratisamyag-gati°); °vidāṃ lābhy (lābhī) SP 200.11; °vit-prāpta Divy 97.26; 180.27; 240.25; Av i.96.8 etc.; anāvaraṇa-°vit-prāpta LV 426.5; others, LV 343.4; Bbh 207.22; Gv 4.21.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 14 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Niruktipratisamvid
Niruktipratisaṃvid (निरुक्तिप्रतिसंविद्) refers to the “knowledge of vocal expression” and repr...
Dharmapratisamvid
Dharmapratisaṃvid (धर्मप्रतिसंविद्) refers to the “knowledge of the designation” and represents...
Pratibhanapratisamvid
Pratibhānapratisaṃvid (प्रतिभानप्रतिसंविद्) refers to the “knowledge of elocution or, more simp...
Arthapratisamvid
Arthapratisaṃvid (अर्थप्रतिसंविद्) refers to the “knowledge of the thing designated” and repres...
Dharma
Dharma.—(SII 1), the sacred law; religious merit; a meri- torious gift, a pious work, a charity...
Artha
Artha.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘five’, (CII 1), a cause or matter. (CII 1), business. Note: artha is define...
Pratibhana
Pratibhāna (प्रतिभान).—n. (-naṃ) 1. Boldness, audacity. 2. Brilliancy, light. 3. Intellect, und...
Nirukti
Nirukti (निरुक्ति).—f. = Sanskrit id., Pali nirutti, explanation, not necessarily etymological,...
Patisambhida
Paṭisambhidā, (f.) (paṭi+saṃ+bhid; the BSk. pratisaṃvid is a new formation resting on confusio...
Avatara
Avatāra (अवतार).—n. (-raṃ) 1. Descent, especially of a deity from heaven; the appearance of any...
Arana
Araṇa (अरण).—a. (-ṇī f.) Ved.1) Departed, gone away; belonging to others, strange, unusual, for...
Anavarana
Anāvaraṇa (अनावरण).—(1) nt., non-obstruction (neg. of āvaraṇa, q.v.): °ṇa-gatiṃgata Mvy 356, o...
Pratisamvidita
Pratisaṃvidita (प्रतिसंविदित).—adj. -ppp. (Pali, in neg. a-ppaṭi°, in meaning 1), (1) experienc...
Four Analytical Knowledges
Four Analytical Knowledges:—A technical term in Buddhism corresponding to the Sanskri...

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