Pratisamvid, aka: Pratisaṃvid; 4 Definition(s)


Pratisamvid means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[Pratisamvid in Mahayana glossaries]

Pratisaṃvid (प्रतिसंविद्) refers to the “four infallible knowledges” according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXVIII). Accordingly, “The infallible knowledge of teaching (dharma-pratisaṃvid) and that of the voice (nirukti-pratisaṃvid) are of two levels, kāmadhātu and the first dhyāna; the other two pratisaṃvids, [of things (artha) and of eloquence (pratibhāna)] are of nine levels: kāmadhātu, four dhyānas and four ārūpya-samāpattis”.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

Discover the meaning of pratisamvid in the context of Mahayana from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Buddhism)

[Pratisamvid in Buddhism glossaries]

Pratisaṃvid (प्रतिसंविद्) refers to the “four analytical knowledges” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 51):

  1. dharma-pratisaṃvid (analytical knowledge of the way things are),
  2. artha-pratisaṃvid (analytical knowledge of meaning),
  3. nirukti-pratisaṃvid (analytical knowledge of language),
  4. pratibhāna-pratisaṃvid (the analytical knowledge of inspired speech).

The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., pratisaṃvid). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Pratisaṃvid (प्रतिसंविद्) pratisaṃvidā [paṭisambhidā] analytical knowledge. The analytical knowledge is fourfold, namely, analytical knowledge with regard to meaning (artha) [attha]; with regard to the doctrine, to reasons, conditions or causal relations (dharma) [dhamma]; with regard to etymology (nirukti) [nirutti]; and intellect that perceives the things in the above mentioned triple context (pratibhāna) [paṭibhāna].

Reference: Aṭṭhasālinī. Nidāna. 48; IV. 567. Mahāyāna-Sūtrālaṅkāra. IV. 18.


(Source): DLMBS: Buddhānusmṛti

Relevant definitions

Search found 10 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Arthapratisaṃvid (अर्थप्रतिसंविद्) or simply Artha refers to the “analytical knowledge of meani...
Dharmapratisaṃvid (धर्मप्रतिसंविद्) or simply Dharma refers to the “analytical knowledge of the...
Niruktipratisaṃvid (निरुक्तिप्रतिसंविद्) or simply Nirukti refers to the “analytical knowledge ...
Pratibhānapratisaṃvid (प्रतिभानप्रतिसंविद्) or simply Pratibhāna refers to the “analytical know...
Dharma (धर्म, “merit”) and Adharma (demerit) refers to two of the twenty-four guṇas (qualities)...
Artha (अर्थ, “senses”) refers to the “object of senses” and represents one of the twelve pramey...
Paṭisambhidā, (f.) (paṭi+saṃ+bhid; the BSk. pratisaṃvid is a new formation resting on confusio...
Nirukti (निरुक्ति) or Paṭṭābhirāmaṭippaṇī is a commentary on the Tarkasaṃgraha which is ascribe...
Pratibhāna (प्रतिभान) refers to the “inborn genius of poetic intuition” and represents one of t...
Four Analytical Knowledges
Four Analytical Knowledges:—A technical term in Buddhism corresponding to the Sanskri...

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