Pratisara, Pratisarā, Pratishara: 18 definitions

Introduction:

Pratisara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Pratisarā (प्रतिसरा) is the Sanskrit name for a “red thread-bangle”, to be used at the ceremony of “installation of the gods”, during raṅgapūjā. According to the Nāṭyaśāstra 3.18-20, “Along with these gods should be taken red thread-bangle (pratisarā), the best kind of red sandal, red flowers and red fruits. With these and articles such as barley, white mustard, sunned rice, Nāgapuṣpa powder and husked saffron (priyaṅgu), the gods should be installed.”.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Pratisara in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Chulalongkorn University: Department of Eastern Languages (Pali-Sanskrit Section) (ay)

Pratisarā (प्रतिसरा) or Pratisarāmaṇi refers to one of the Maṇis (protection amulets) mentioned in the Atharva-veda. Maṇis refer to small round objects made from natural plant parts or from the solid coverings of animal bodies. It has the properties of being an amulet for protection and warding off evil spirits. or as an herb for treating illnesses. Sudev Krishna Sharman G. listed 9 types of Maṇi [e.g., pratisarā-maṇi—means sesame (Seasamum)] according to the Atharvaveda including specifying assumptions about the meaning.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Pratisara in Shaivism glossary
Source: eScholarship: The descent of scripture: a history of the Kamikagama

Pratisara (प्रतिसर) refers to “(the rite of) tying of a ritual protection thread (for a king)”, according to the Kāmikāgama: an ancient Śaiva Āgama scripture in 12,000 Sanskrit verses dating to at least the 5th century and represented as an encyclopedic account of ritual instructions (kriyāpāda).—In modern print editions, the Kāmika-āgama is structured in two major parts. The Uttarabhāga consists of 98 chapters (paṭalas) [...] In Chapter 80, there is a description of a purification ceremony to be performed during the month of Puṣya. Chapter 81 describes ritual sacrifices to pacify the malefic influence of planets. And in Chapter 82, the practice of tying of a ritual protection thread (pratisara) for a king is detailed.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: archive.org: Catalogue of Pancaratra Agama Texts

Pratisara (प्रतिसर) refers to a “gold thread” (used during the Śayanādhivāsa-ceremony), as discussed in chapter 27 (Kriyāpāda) of the Padmasaṃhitā: the most widely followed of Saṃhitā covering the entire range of concerns of Pāñcarātra doctrine and practice (i.e., the four-fold formulation of subject matter—jñāna, yoga, kriyā and caryā) consisting of roughly 9000 verses.—Description of the chapter [śayanādhivāsa-ādi-vidhāna-ādi]: [...] [After śayanadhivāsa]—A gold thread [pratisara-bandha] is now tied on the idol’s wrist, and the power that has all the while been invested in the balabimba-icon is now transferred to one of the jars of sanctified water [mahākumbha] and this jar is then placed on the grains (where the couch had formerly been?), and pūrṇāhuti-offerings are made to it and to the other jars also there present. The Ācārya and the Yajamāna then arrange to spend the night there in the yāgaśālā next to the icon, their thoughts on God. If their dreams that night are auspicious the ceremonies may continue the next day (212b-217).

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: archive.org: History of Dharmasastra (Vol II Part I)

Pratisara (प्रतिसर) or Pratisarabandha refers to “tying an amulet string on the bride’s hand”, according to Saṅkhyāyana-gṛhya-sūtra I.1 2, 6-8; Kauśika-sūtra 76.8.—The main outlines of the marriage saṃskāra show a remarkable continuity for several thousand years from the times of the Rig Veda down to modern times.—The commentator Sudarśanācārya notes that certain rites like the worship of planets, ankurāropaṇa and the tying of pratisara (the marriage string or ribbon round the wrist) are usual and are performed with Vedic mantras, while others like Nāgabali, Yakṣabali and the worship of Indranī are performed without Vedic mantras.

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Pratisara in Mahayana glossary
Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Pratisarā (प्रतिसरा) refers to an “amulet-cord”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [As the afflicted Nāgas said to Bhagavān]: “[...] However, O Bhagavān, from today on I make a vow in the presence of the Tathāgata. Wherever this spell-holder king will circulate, there, O Bhagavān, the Nāgas will not make calamities again. Wherever this heart-dhāraṇī is used for protection, [there is] rescue, shelter, safeguard and the sealing of the boundaries and sealing of the maṇḍala. Where an amulet-cord (pratisarā) is made, for that person, O Bhagavān, we will constantly ward off all calamities”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Pratisara in Buddhism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Pratisarā (प्रतिसरा) refers to one of the “five protectors” (pañcarakṣā) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 5). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., pañcarakṣā and Pratisarā). The work is attributed to Nagarguna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratisara in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pratisara (प्रतिसर).—a. Dependent, subject.

-raḥ, -ram 1 A cord or ribbon worn round the wrist or neck as an amulet.

2) An ornament.

3) A watch, guard.

4) Assailing, an attack.

-raḥ 1 A servant, follower; विजये त्वर्यतां लेखः प्रतिसराय (vijaye tvaryatāṃ lekhaḥ pratisarāya) Pratijñā.

2) A bracelet, marriage-string; स्रस्तोरगप्रतिसरेण करेण पाणिः (srastoragapratisareṇa kareṇa pāṇiḥ) (agṛhyata) Kirātārjunīya 5.33; (= kautukasūtra); Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 5.18.

3) A garland, wreath.

4) Day-break.

5) The rear of an army.

6) A form of incantation.

7) Healing or dressing a wound.

-rā 1 A female servant.

2) A thread, fillet; प्रतिसरया तुरगाणां भल्लातकशालि- कुण्ठसिद्धार्थं कण्ठेषु निवघ्नीयात् (pratisarayā turagāṇāṃ bhallātakaśāli- kuṇṭhasiddhārthaṃ kaṇṭheṣu nivaghnīyāt).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Pratisarā (प्रतिसरा).—name of a rakṣā (q.v.): Dharmasaṃgraha 5; Sādhanamālā 397.9 etc. (in this text oftener Mahā-pra°).

--- OR ---

Pratisāra (प्रतिसार).—m. (compare Prakrit paḍisāra, [Paia-sadda-mahaṇṇavo], and Hemacandra 1.206), turning back, regression: (lokadhātum…) avagāhya …°ro na kartavyaḥ Sukhāvatīvyūha 72.1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratisara (प्रतिसर).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) A servant, servile, dependent. m.

(-raḥ) 1. The rear of an army. 2. A garland, a wreath. 3. A bracelet. 4. Cicatrizing or healing, (as a sore.) 5. A form of magic or incantation. 6. Daybreak, morning. mn.

(-raḥ-raṃ) 1. A string worn round the hand at nuptials, &c. 2. Ornament, adorning. 3. The junction of the frontal sinuses of an elephant. E. prati before, sṛ to go, aff. ac .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratisara (प्रतिसर).—i. e. prati-sṛ + a, I. m. f. n. A servant, dependent. Ii. m. 1. The rear of an army. 2. A garland. 3. A bracelet, [Kirātārjunīya] 5, 33. 4. A string worn round the hand at nuptials, Da- śak. in Chr. 201, 5. 5. Ornament.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratisara (प्रतिसर).—[masculine] a bracelet or ribbon used as an amulet.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pratiśara (प्रतिशर):—[=prati-śara] [from prati-śṝ] m. breaking, going in pieces (a-pratiś), [Aitareya-brāhmaṇa 2.]

2) Pratisara (प्रतिसर):—[=prati-sara] [from prati-sṛ] m. (ifc. f(ā). ) a cord or ribbon used as an amulet worn round the neck or wrist at nuptials etc., [Atharva-veda] etc. etc. (also f(ā). [Varāha-mihira; Dharmasaṃgraha 5]; and n. [gana] ardharcādi)

3) [v.s. ...] a bracelet, [Kirātārjunīya]

4) [v.s. ...] a line returning into itself. circle, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] assailing, an attack (a-pr), [Harivaṃśa]

6) [v.s. ...] a wreath, garland, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] a follower, servant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] the rear of an army, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] dressing or anointing a wound, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] day-break, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratisara (प्रतिसर):—[prati-sara] (raḥ) 1. m. The rear of an army; a garland; bracelet; in- cantation; healing; day break. n. An ornament. a. Dependant.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pratisara (प्रतिसर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Paḍisara, Paḍisāra.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pratisara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratisara in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Pratisara (ಪ್ರತಿಸರ):—

1) [noun] a small, thin sheet of metal engraved with mystic figures, hymns or syllables worn round the neck or upper arm with the belief that it would keep away evil, and protect; a talisman; an amulet.

2) [noun] a length of thread, dyed with turmeric powder, tied several rounds around one’s wrist, esp. during marriage, worship, etc.

3) [noun] a bangle or bracelet for the wrist.

4) [noun] a string of flowers.

5) [noun] a male domestic servant.

6) [noun] the rear portion of an army.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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