Pratisara, Pratisarā, Pratishara: 14 definitions
Pratisara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Pratisarā (प्रतिसरा) is the Sanskrit name for a “red thread-bangle”, to be used at the ceremony of “installation of the gods”, during raṅgapūjā. According to the Nāṭyaśāstra 3.18-20, “Along with these gods should be taken red thread-bangle (pratisarā), the best kind of red sandal, red flowers and red fruits. With these and articles such as barley, white mustard, sunned rice, Nāgapuṣpa powder and husked saffron (priyaṅgu), the gods should be installed.”.
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture
Pratisarā (प्रतिसरा) refers to an “amulet-cord”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [As the afflicted Nāgas said to Bhagavān]: “[...] However, O Bhagavān, from today on I make a vow in the presence of the Tathāgata. Wherever this spell-holder king will circulate, there, O Bhagavān, the Nāgas will not make calamities again. Wherever this heart-dhāraṇī is used for protection, [there is] rescue, shelter, safeguard and the sealing of the boundaries and sealing of the maṇḍala. Where an amulet-cord (pratisarā) is made, for that person, O Bhagavān, we will constantly ward off all calamities”.
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha
Pratisarā (प्रतिसरा) refers to one of the “five protectors” (pañcarakṣā) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 5). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., pañcarakṣā and Pratisarā). The work is attributed to Nagarguna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Pratisara (प्रतिसर).—a. Dependent, subject.
-raḥ, -ram 1 A cord or ribbon worn round the wrist or neck as an amulet.
2) An ornament.
3) A watch, guard.
4) Assailing, an attack.
-raḥ 1 A servant, follower; विजये त्वर्यतां लेखः प्रतिसराय (vijaye tvaryatāṃ lekhaḥ pratisarāya) Pratijñā.
2) A bracelet, marriage-string; स्रस्तोरगप्रतिसरेण करेण पाणिः (srastoragapratisareṇa kareṇa pāṇiḥ) (agṛhyata) Kirātārjunīya 5.33; (= kautukasūtra); Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 5.18.
3) A garland, wreath.
5) The rear of an army.
6) A form of incantation.
7) Healing or dressing a wound.
-rā 1 A female servant.
2) A thread, fillet; प्रतिसरया तुरगाणां भल्लातकशालि- कुण्ठसिद्धार्थं कण्ठेषु निवघ्नीयात् (pratisarayā turagāṇāṃ bhallātakaśāli- kuṇṭhasiddhārthaṃ kaṇṭheṣu nivaghnīyāt).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Pratisarā (प्रतिसरा).—name of a rakṣā (q.v.): Dharmasaṃgraha 5; Sādhanamālā 397.9 etc. (in this text oftener Mahā-pra°).
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Pratisāra (प्रतिसार).—m. (compare Prakrit paḍisāra, [Paia-sadda-mahaṇṇavo], and Hemacandra 1.206), turning back, regression: (lokadhātum…) avagāhya …°ro na kartavyaḥ Sukhāvatīvyūha 72.1.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) A servant, servile, dependent. m.
(-raḥ) 1. The rear of an army. 2. A garland, a wreath. 3. A bracelet. 4. Cicatrizing or healing, (as a sore.) 5. A form of magic or incantation. 6. Daybreak, morning. mn.
(-raḥ-raṃ) 1. A string worn round the hand at nuptials, &c. 2. Ornament, adorning. 3. The junction of the frontal sinuses of an elephant. E. prati before, sṛ to go, aff. ac .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Pratisara (प्रतिसर).—i. e. prati-sṛ + a, I. m. f. n. A servant, dependent. Ii. m. 1. The rear of an army. 2. A garland. 3. A bracelet, [Kirātārjunīya] 5, 33. 4. A string worn round the hand at nuptials, Da- śak. in
Pratisara (प्रतिसर).—[masculine] a bracelet or ribbon used as an amulet.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Pratiśara (प्रतिशर):—[=prati-śara] [from prati-śṝ] m. breaking, going in pieces (a-pratiś), [Aitareya-brāhmaṇa 2.]
2) Pratisara (प्रतिसर):—[=prati-sara] [from prati-sṛ] m. (ifc. f(ā). ) a cord or ribbon used as an amulet worn round the neck or wrist at nuptials etc., [Atharva-veda] etc. etc. (also f(ā). [Varāha-mihira; Dharmasaṃgraha 5]; and n. [gana] ardharcādi)
3) [v.s. ...] a bracelet, [Kirātārjunīya]
4) [v.s. ...] a line returning into itself. circle, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]
5) [v.s. ...] assailing, an attack (a-pr), [Harivaṃśa]
6) [v.s. ...] a wreath, garland, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
7) [v.s. ...] a follower, servant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
8) [v.s. ...] the rear of an army, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
9) [v.s. ...] dressing or anointing a wound, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
10) [v.s. ...] day-break, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Pratisara (प्रतिसर):—[prati-sara] (raḥ) 1. m. The rear of an army; a garland; bracelet; in- cantation; healing; day break. n. An ornament. a. Dependant.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [noun] a small, thin sheet of metal engraved with mystic figures, hymns or syllables worn round the neck or upper arm with the belief that it would keep away evil, and protect; a talisman; an amulet.
2) [noun] a length of thread, dyed with turmeric powder, tied several rounds around one’s wrist, esp. during marriage, worship, etc.
3) [noun] a bangle or bracelet for the wrist.
4) [noun] a string of flowers.
5) [noun] a male domestic servant.
6) [noun] the rear portion of an army.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text: Padisara, Kankanika, Rakshapratisara, Pratisarabandha, Maharaksha, Mangalapratisara, Pancaraksha, Pratisaram, Mahapratisara, Pratisarya, Prativarta, Vipratisara, Uragapratisara, Five Protectors, Raksha, Pratisharana.
Search found 5 books and stories containing Pratisara, Pratisarā, Pratisāra, Pratishara, Pratiśara, Prati-shara, Prati-śara, Prati-sara; (plurals include: Pratisaras, Pratisarās, Pratisāras, Pratisharas, Pratiśaras, sharas, śaras, saras). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Women in the Atharva-veda Samhita (by Pranab Jyoti Kalita)
5a. Prayer for Successful Pregnancy < [Chapter 2 - The Strīkarmāṇi Hymns of the Atharvaveda]
2. Rites Related to Birth (b): Garbhādhāna < [Chapter 5 - Women in the Rites and Rituals of the Atharvaveda]
Cosmetics, Costumes and Ornaments in Ancient India (by Remadevi. O.)
2.5. Various other Hand Ornaments < [Chapter 3 - Ornaments]
4. Beliefs Associated with Ornaments < [Chapter 3 - Ornaments]
Natyashastra (English) (by Bharata-muni)
Satapatha-brahmana (by Julius Eggeling)