Vid, Viḍ: 5 definitions

Introduction

Vid means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Viḍ (विड्).—1 P. (veḍati)

1) To curse, rail at, revile.

2) To cry out loudly.

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Viḍ (विड्).—A fragment, bit.

See also (synonyms): viḍa.

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Vid (विद्).—I. 2 P. (vetti or veda, viveda-vidāṃcakāra, avedīt, vetsyati, vettum, vidita; desid. vividiṣati)

1) To know, understand, learn, find out, ascertain, discover; न चैतद्विमः कतरन्नो गरीयो यद्वा जयेम यदि वा नो जयेयुः (na caitadvimaḥ kataranno garīyo yadvā jayema yadi vā no jayeyuḥ) Bg.2.5; तं मोहान्धः कथमय- ममुं वेत्तु देवं पुराणम् (taṃ mohāndhaḥ kathamaya- mamuṃ vettu devaṃ purāṇam) Ve.1.23;3.39; Ś.5.27; R.3.43; Bg.4.34;18.1.

2) To feel, experience; परायत्तः प्रीतेः कथमिव रसं वेत्ति पुरुषः (parāyattaḥ prīteḥ kathamiva rasaṃ vetti puruṣaḥ) Mu.3.4.

3) To look upon, regard, consider, know or take to be; य एनं वेत्ति हन्तारम् (ya enaṃ vetti hantāram) Bg.2. 19; विद्धि व्याधिव्यालग्रस्तं लोकं शोकहतं च समस्तम् (viddhi vyādhivyālagrastaṃ lokaṃ śokahataṃ ca samastam) Moha M.5; Bg.2.17; Ms.1.33; Ku.6.3. -Caus. (vedayati-te)

1) To make known, communicate, inform, apprise, tell.

2) To teach, expound; वेदार्थं स्वानवेदयत् (vedārthaṃ svānavedayat) Sk.

3) To feel, experience; येन वेदयते सर्वं सुखं दुःखं च जन्मसु (yena vedayate sarvaṃ sukhaṃ duḥkhaṃ ca janmasu) Ms.12.13. -II. 4 Ā. (vidyate, vitta)

1) To be, to exist; अपापानां कुले जाते मयि पापं न विद्यते (apāpānāṃ kule jāte mayi pāpaṃ na vidyate) Mk.9.37; नासतो विद्यते भावो नाभावो विद्यते सतः (nāsato vidyate bhāvo nābhāvo vidyate sataḥ) Bg.2.16; (cf. the root (1) अस् (as)).

2) To happen. -III. 6 U. (vindati-te, vitta)

1) To get, obtain, acquire, gain; एकमप्यास्थितः सम्यगुभयोर्विन्दते फलम् (ekamapyāsthitaḥ samyagubhayorvindate phalam) Bg.5. 4; Y.3.192.

2) To find, discover, recognise; यथा धेनुसहस्रेषु वत्सो विन्दति मातरम् (yathā dhenusahasreṣu vatso vindati mātaram) Subhāṣ.; Ms.8.19.

3) To feel, experience; R.14.56; Bg.5.21;11.24; 18.45.

4) To marry; Ms.9.69. -IV. 7 Ā. (vintte, vitta or vinna)

1) To know, understand.

2) To consider, regard, take for; न तृणेह्मीति लोकोऽयं विन्त्ते मां निष्पराक्रमम् (na tṛṇehmīti loko'yaṃ vintte māṃ niṣparākramam) Bk.6.39.

3) To find, meet with.

4) To reason, reflect.

5) To examine, inquire into. -V. 1 Ā. (vedayate)

1) To tell, declare, announce, communicate.

2) To feel, experience.

3) To dwell. (The following verse illustrates the root in some of its conjugations:-vetti sarvāṇi śāstrāṇi garvastasya na vidyate . vintte dharmaṃ sadā sadbhisteṣu pūjāṃ ca vindati || cf. also :-sattāyāṃ vidyate jñāne vetti vintte vicāraṇe | vindate vindati prāptau śyanluk śnamśeṣvidaṃ kramāt ||) [cf. L. video; A. S. witan; Goth. vait].

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Vid (विद्).—a. (At the end of comp.) Knowing, conversant with; वेदविद् (vedavid) &c.; यानि वेदविदां श्रेष्ठो भगवान् बादरायणः (yāni vedavidāṃ śreṣṭho bhagavān bādarāyaṇaḥ) Bhāg.1.1.7; Mv.1.26. -m.

1) The planet Mercury.

2) A learned man, wise man. -f.

1) Knowledge.

2) Understanding, intellect.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viḍ (विड्).—r. 1st cl. (veḍati) 1. To divide, to break. 2. To curse, to revile. 3. To cry out against.

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Viḍ (विड्).—f. (-viḍ) A bit, a fragment. E. viḍ to break, kvip aff.

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Vid (विद्).—r. 2nd cl. (vetti veda) 1. To know. 2. To look upon, to take for, to consider. With ni prefixed, To be sad or depressed. With sam, (saṃvitte) To meditate, to know, to gain holy knowledge by abstract. meditation. r. 4th cl. (vidyate) To be, to exist, to be present, to exist actually. r. 7th cl. (vinte) 1. To consider, to reason. 2. To understand. 3. To regard, to take for. 4. To discuss. r. 10th cl. (vedayate) 1. To be sensible. 2. To know. 3. To declare, to describe or explain; (in this sense ni is usually prefixed.) 4. To dwell, to inhabit. 5. To be fixed or steady. 6. To suffer pain. With ni, or vi and ni prefixed, To deliver, to impart or communicate. With prati, To deliver, to give, (au ḷ) au vidḷ r. 6th cl. (vindati-te) 1. To gain, to get, to acquire or possess. 2. To find. 3. To experience. 4. To marry. With anu, To feel. With pari, To marry first.

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Vid (विद्).—m. (-vit) 1. Who or what knows. 2. A learned man. 3. The planet mercury. f. (-vit) Knowledge, understanding. E. vid to know, kvip aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vid (विद्).—1. vetti (veda), [participle] vidita or vitta (q.v.) know, understand, learn, perceive, experience, feel; think or be mindful of ([accusative] or [genetive]), know how to (infin.); believe, suppose, know or recognize as, declare to be, take for, call, name (2 [accusative] or [accusative] & [nominative] [with] iti). [Causative] vedayate, ti make known, announce, report; inform of, teach (2 [accusative]); take for, learn or know — to be (2 [accusative]); perceive, notice, experience, feel. [Desiderative] vividiṣati wish to know, inquire after ([accusative]).

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Vid (विद्).—2. (mostly —°) knowing.

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Vid (विद्).—3. vindati vindate (vitte), [participle] vitta & vinna (q.v.) find, meet with, get, obtain; visit, befall; have, possess; find out for, procure ([dative]); look for, turn to ([accusative]); [Middle] (A.) take to wife (±bhāryām), find a husband, marry; bring forth (±sutam). [Passive][Middle] be found, be there ([impersonally]), exist. vidyate (ti) there is ([especially] [with] na), yathā vide as it is, i.e. as usual or as well as possible. [Desiderative] vivitsati wish to find. [Intensive] vevidat, vevidāna be present.

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Vid (विद्).—4. (—°) finding, winning, procuring.

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Vīḍ (वीड्).—vīḍayati (vīLayati) make ([Middle] te be) strong or firm; [participle] vīLita = seq. [adjective]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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