Pranadhara, Prāṇadhāra, Prana-dhara, Prāṇadhara: 8 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Pranadhara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Pranadhar.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Pranadhara in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Prāṇadhara (प्राणधर).—A carpenter of Purāṇic fame. (See full article at Story of Prāṇadhara from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Pranadhara in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Prāṇadhara (प्राणधर) is one of two brothers from the city Kāñcī, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 43. Accordingly, as Rājyadhara said to Naravāhanadatta: “... we were two brothers in his kingdom, carpenters by trade, skilful in making ingenious automata of wood and other materials, such as Maya first invented. My elder brother was by name Prāṇadhara, and he was infatuated with love for a fickle dame, and I, my lord, am named Rājyadhara, and I was ever devoted to him”.

Further on: “... there is living here [Karpūrasambhava] a mechanic who makes ingenious chariots, who has come from a foreign land, Prāṇadhara by name; I will cause him quickly to make such a chariot [that will travel through the air]”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Prāṇadhara, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Prāṇadhara (प्राणधर) or Prāṇadhararasa is the name of a Ayurvedic recipe defined in the fifth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 11, Gulma: tumour in the belly). These remedies are classified as Iatrochemistry and form part of the ancient Indian science known as Rasaśāstra (medical alchemy). However, since it is an ayurveda treatment it should be taken with caution and in accordance with rules laid down in the texts.

Accordingly, when using such recipes (e.g., prāṇadhara-rasa): “the minerals (uparasa), poisons (viṣa), and other drugs (except herbs), referred to as ingredients of medicines, are to be duly purified and incinerated, as the case may be, in accordance with the processes laid out in the texts.” (see introduction to Iatro chemical medicines)

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pranadhara in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Prāṇadhāra (प्राणधार).—a. living, animate.

-raḥ a living being.

Prāṇadhāra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms prāṇa and dhāra (धार).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Prāṇadhara (प्राणधर):—[=prāṇa-dhara] [from prāṇa > prān] m. Name of a man, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

2) Prāṇadhāra (प्राणधार):—[=prāṇa-dhāra] [from prāṇa > prān] mfn. possessing l°, living, animate

3) [v.s. ...] m. a living being, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Prāṇadhara (प्राणधर):—(1. prāṇa + dhara) m. Nomen proprium eines Mannes [Kathāsaritsāgara 43,23.] [KATHĀRṆAVA] in [Oxforder Handschriften 153,b,6.]

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Prāṇadhāra (प्राणधार):—(1. prāṇa + 1. dhāra) adj. belebt, m. ein lebendes Wesen; s. u. ātmanīna .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Prāṇadhara (प्राणधर):—m. Nomen proprium eines Mannes.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pranadhara in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Prāṇādhāra (प्राणाधार) [Also spelled pranadhar]:—(nm) see [prāṇa] —([ādhāra)].

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