Bhagavatapurana, Bhāgavatapurāṇa, Bhagavata-Purana: 5 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Bhagavatapurana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (B) next»] — Bhagavatapurana in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Bhāgavatapurāṇa (भागवतपुराण).—(also Bhāgavatam) a mahāpurāṇa recited by Kṛṣṇa to Brahmā at the beginning of the creation;1 as sacred as and equal to the Veda; the sun to the darkness of Kali;2 a compendium of the Lord's glories; the essense of all Vedāṅgas, the first among the Purāṇas and just like Kāśi in importance;3 contains 18000 verses; abstract of the contents:—an exposition of the gāyatrī and the incident of the killing of Vṛtrāsura; a composition of the Śārasvata Kalpa, the heyday of it;4 fruit of studying it;5 the Purāṇa Samhitā was taught originally to Nārada by the sage Nārāyaṇa; Nārada told it to Vyāsa who told it to Śuka in the beginning of the Dvāpara Yuga;6 Saṅkarṣaṇa taught it to Sanatkumāra who instructed Sānkhyāyana; he in turn imparted it to Parāśara and Bṛhaspati; requested by Pulastya, Parāśara taught it to Maitreya;7 narrated to Parīkṣit by Śuka;8 expounded by Sūta at Naimiṣālaya to the sages and seers.9 Purāṇadaśalakṣaṇam;10 one who makes a gift of it with a golden lion on the Full Moon day of Prauṣtapada would reach the heaven of bliss;11 contains 18000 stanzas.12

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 4. 13; XII. 7. 23; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 6. 21.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 1. 8; XII. 4. 42; I. 1. 3; 3. 40, 45.
  • 3) Ib. II. 7. 51; XII. 4. 15-17.
  • 4) Ib. II. 10. 1-17; XII. 12. 1-45; 13. 5, 9; Matsya-purāṇa 53. 20-22.
  • 5) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 12. 46-68.
  • 6) Ib. XII. 4. 41-3; I. 7. 8; II. 1. 8.
  • 7) Ib. III. 8. 2-9.
  • 8) Ib. II. 8. 28.
  • 9) Ib. XII. 4. 41-43.
  • 10) Ib. II. 9. 43.
  • 11) Matsya-purāṇa 53. 20-22.
  • 12) Vāyu-purāṇa 104. 5.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

[«previous (B) next»] — Bhagavatapurana in Dharmashastra glossary
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study (dharma)

Bhāgavatapurāṇa (भागवतपुराण) should be donated (dāna) to a devotee of the Sun-god according to the Dharmaśāstra taught in the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, the donation of the various Purāṇas to various recipients on different tithis along with the merits thereof are given in the ninth chapter.—[...] If a person donates the Bhāgavatapurāṇa to a devotee of the Sun-god becomes devoid of all sins and all diseases.

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (B) next»] — Bhagavatapurana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhāgavatapurāṇa (भागवतपुराण).—[neuter] T. of a Purāṇa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Bhāgavatapurāṇa (भागवतपुराण) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Jones. 403. 404. [Mackenzie Collection] 42. 54. Io. 314-18. 457. 651-56. 1837-39. W. p. 137. 138. Oxf. 36. 346^b. 347^a. Paris. (B 15. 212. D 1. D 1 A. D 291. 292. Tel. 12. 42). Khn. 92. K. 26. Kh. 64. B. 2, 18. 20. 22. Ben. 51-56. Bik. 186 (and Subodhinī). Tu7b. 14. 15. Kāṭm. 1 (and—[commentary]). Rādh. 40. Oudh. Xv, 24. 26. Xvi, 48. Np. Vi, 34. Burnell. 190^b. Bhk. 13. Bhr. 557-62. Poona. 191. 405. 432-35. 446. 449. 611. 624. Ii, 28. 68-76. 87. 94. 121-29. 258. Proceed. Asb. 1869, 224 (and—[commentary]). Taylor. 1, 58. 154. 155. 434. H. 40. Oppert. 4. 306. 366. 577. 710. 910. 1085. 1939-42. 2247. 2647. 2925. 3434. 3659. 3823. 4229. 4428. 4754. 4948. 5446. 6623. 6762. 6959. 7350. 7618. 7766. Ii, 120 (Daśamaskandha). 173. 553. 674. 832. 959. 1124. 1344. 1414. 1499. 1595. 1776. 1838. 2134. 2193. 2299. 2609. 2841. 3384. 3517. 3734. 4100. 5118. 5857. 5967. 6131. 6175. 6358. 7104. 7195. 7232. 7667. 8294. 8504. 8750. 9064. 9259. 9488. 10053. 10165. 10338. Rice. 74. 76. Mentioned in Kūrmapurāṇa Oxf. 8^a, in Varāhapurāṇa Oxf. 59^a, in Revāmāhātmya Oxf. 65^a. But this does not necessarily mean the present Purāṇa. Of the ancient writers on Smṛti I have found one reference to it in Hemādri. Vijñāneśvara and Mādhavācārya do not quote it.
—[commentary] Io. 387. 388. Rādh. 42. Oppert. 6081. Ii, 174. 6932.
—[commentary] Amṛtataraṅgiṇī. Oppert. 2928. 6082.
—[commentary] Ātmapriyā. Oppert. 6083.
—[commentary] Kṛṣṇapadī. Oppert. 2648. 6048.
—[commentary] Caitanyacandrikā. K. 24.
—[commentary] Jayamaṅgalā. Oppert. 6085.
—[commentary] Tattvapradīpikā. Oppert. 6086.
—[commentary] Tātparyacandrikā. Oppert. Ii, 1587.
—[commentary] Tātparyadīpikā. K. 26.
—[commentary] Bhagavallīlācintāmaṇi. Bhr. 564.
—[commentary] Rasamañjarī. Oppert. 6087.
—[commentary] Śukapakṣīyā. Oppert. 5108. 7422. 8132.
—[commentary] Bhāgavatatātparyanirṇaya by Ānandatīrtha. [Mackenzie Collection] 13. K. 28. Burnell. 104^a. Bhr. 711. Oppert. 2926. 3660. Ii, 175. 636. 1266. 4788. 6084. 6085. Rice. 74. 76.
—[sub-commentary] Tātparyadīpikā. Burnell. 104^b.
—[sub-commentary] Prabodhinī. Burnell. 104^b.
—[sub-commentary] by Janārdana Bhaṭṭa. K. 28.
—[sub-commentary] by Narahari, son of Varadācārya. Ben. 46. Burnell. 104^a. Oppert. 3661.
—[sub-commentary] Prakāśa by Śrīnivāsa. Burnell. 104^b.
—[commentary] Tattvadīpikā by Kalyāṇarāya. B. 4, 78.
—[commentary] by Kṛṣṇabhaṭṭa. Oppert. Ii, 9788.
—[commentary] by Kaurasādhu. Rādh. 40.
—[commentary] by Gopāla Cakravartin. Io. 208. NW. 496. Sūcīpattra. 69.
—[commentary] by Gosvāmin (?). Rādh. 40.
—[commentary] by Cakravartin (?). Rādh. 40. 42.
—[commentary] Anvayabodhinī by Cūḍāmaṇi Cakravartin. Oudh. Iv, 9.
—[commentary] Bhāvaprakāśikā by Narasiṃhācārya. Oppert. 367.
—[commentary] Tātparyadīpikā by Nṛhari. Oppert. 3661.
—[commentary] Cakravartī (?) by Nārāyaṇa. Ben. 56. NW. 456. 488. Oppert. Ii, 9787.
—[commentary] by Bhedavādin. Rādh. 40.
—[commentary] by Yadupati. Oppert. Ii, 6931.
—[commentary] Subodhinī by Vallabhācārya. K. 32. Kh. 64. B. 4, 78. NW. 458. Oudh. Viii, 4. Gu. 6. Oppert. Ii, 6360. Bp. 269.
—[commentary] Padaratnāvalī by Vijayadhvajatīrtha. Oudh. Xv, 24. 26. Burnell. 191. Poona. 433. Taylor. 1, 58. Oppert. Ii, 6930.
—[commentary] by Viṭṭhala. Gu. 5.
—[commentary] Sārārthadarśinī by Viśvanātha Cakravartin. Io. 621-29. Sūcīpattra. 69.
—[commentary] by Viṣṇusvāmin. Sb. 226.
—[commentary] Bhāgavatacandracandrikā by Vīrarāghava. Ben. 53. 54. [Oudh 1876-1877], 2. Oppert. Ii, 6933.
—[commentary] by Vrajabhūṣaṇa. Rādh. 44.
—[commentary] Bhāvārthadīpikā by Śivarāma. Sūcīpattra. 69.
—[commentary] Bhāvārthadīpikā by Śrīdharasvāmin. Jones. 403. Io. 314-18. 651-56. 1837-39. W. p. 137. 138. Oxf. 36. 347^a. Paris. (B 15). K. 26. 28. B. 2, 22. Ben. 51. 54. 56. Rādh. 40. Np. V, 180. Burnell. 191. Bhk. 13. Bhr. 560. Poona. 432. 434. 446 449. 611. Ii, 68 -76. 258. Taylor. 1, 57. 58. 140. 155. Oppert. 1699. 2649. 2929. 5107. 5194. 6088. 7432. Ii, 128. 2502. 2679. 3062. 3735. 4789. 5018. 5858. 6132. 6359. 6784. 6934. 7196. 8295. 8505. 8650. 8751. 9275. 9786. 10009. Rice. 76.
—[sub-commentary] Bhāvārthadīpikāsnehapūriṇī by Keśavadāsa. Quoted by him in Ahalyākāmadhenu.
—[commentary] by Śrīnivāsācārya. Burnell. 191^b.
—[commentary] by Satyābhinavatīrtha. Bhr. 563.
—[commentary] by Sudarśana Sūri. Oudh. Xvi, 48.
—[commentary] Bhāgavatapurāṇārkaprabhā by Haribhānu Śukla. Oudh. 1877, 14. Bhāgavatapurāṇaprathamaślokaṭīkā. Rādh. 40.
—by Jayarāma. NW. 456. 488.
—by Madhusūdana Sarasvatī. B. 4, 78. Ba. 16. Bhāgavatapurāṇādyaślokatrayaṭīkā by Madhusūdana. Rādh. 40. Ben. 52. Oudh. Xv, 24. Pañcamaskandhaṭīkā by Vallabhācārya. P. 21. Daśamaskandhaṭīkā. Tu7b. 14.
—Subodhinī. Rādh. 40.
—by Cakravartin. Rādh. 42.
—Subodhinī by Bālakṛṣṇa Dīkṣita. Sb. 225.
—Vaiṣṇavatoṣiṇī by Sanātana Gosvāmin L. 2125. Ben. 56. Lahore. 2, attributed to Jīva Gosvāmin NW. 496. Sūcīpattra. 69, to Rūpa Gosvāmin Oudh. Xvi, 46. Rādh. 40 ([anonymous]).
—Budharañjinī by Vāsudeva. L. 1730. Oudh. Xviii, 14.
—by Vijayadhvaja Yati. K. 26. Rice. 76.
—by Viṭṭhala Dīkṣita. P 12. Sb. 227 (Nibandhavivṛtiprakāśa). Anukramaṇikā by Vallabhācārya. Hall. p. 146. Peters. 3, 390. [anonymous] Rādh. 39. 42. Ekādaśaskandhatātparyacandrikā. Oppert. Ii, 45.
—Sarvopakāriṇī. K. 32. Ekādaśaskandhasāra by Brahmānanda Bhāratī. Oppert. Ii, 5433. Dvādaśaskandha. Pheh. 4 (and—[commentary]). Oppert. Ii, 127. 7026. 8649. Anukrama by Vopadeva. Rādh. 41. Bṛhadbhāgavatapurāṇa. See Bṛhadbhāgavatāmṛta and Mahābhāgavaṭapurāṇa. Bhāgavatapurāṇe Avatāramālikā Burnell. 201^a.
—Kapilastotra. Burnell. 201^a.
—Gajendramokṣa. Burnell. 192^a. 201^a. Rice. 74.
—Gopikāgītā. Haug. 44. Burnell. 192^a.
—Catuḥślokī or Catuḥślokibhāgavata. B. 2, 10. Burnell. 202^b. Printed in Bṛhatstotraratnākara p. 77.
—Nārāyaṇakavaca. Io. 2254.
—Nārāyaṇavarman q. v.
—Prahlādastuti. Burnell. 201^a. Oppert. Ii, 5530.
—Bālarakṣāstotra. Burnell. 201^b.
—Bhāgavatīmāhātmya. Io. 1482.
—Bhīṣmastuti. Burnell. 201^a.
—Bhūgolavarṇana. Poona. 362.
—Mucukundastuti. Burnell. 200^b.
—Rāsakrīḍā. Haug. 44.
—Rāsapañcādhyāyī. Rādh. 40. Sūcīpattra. 70.
—Vedastuti q. v.
—Śaradvarṇana. Poona. 352.
—Śivagītā. Burnell. 192^a.
—Śivāstuti. Burnell. 201^a.
—Saptaślokī. H. 31.
—Sarvavedārthanirṇaya. Lahore. 1882, 9.
—Haryaṣṭaka. Burnell. 199^a.

2) Bhāgavatapurāṇa (भागवतपुराण):—Since this was penned, I have found two other passages in Hemādri which are taken from the present Bhāgavatapurāṇa. In my own opinion, this Purāṇa was made up, at a comparatively recent period, from the disjecta membra of legends concerning Kṛṣṇa.

3) Bhāgavatapurāṇa (भागवतपुराण):—Cu. add. 1637. Fl. 428. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 60. Hz. 60 (inc.). 101 (10). 108 (except 10). 114 (10-12). 195 (10). 525 (four skandhāḥ with
—[commentary]). 576 (six skandhāḥ). Io. 314-18. 472 (fragm. of 11). 651-56. 975. 976. 1411 (1-11). 1837-39. 2348 (10). 2349 (10). 2431-39 (wants 2. 5. 11). 2494 -2506. 2755-57. 2758-60. 2828-30 (wants 5). 3205-6. Oudh. Xx, 34 (4-12). 36 (7). Xxi, 38 (1-10). Rgb. 107 (1). 163-65 (3. 8. 9.). Stein 208.
—[commentary] Bhāgavatagūḍhārtharahasya. Io. 2540 (1-7).
—[commentary] Munibhāvaprakāśikā. Hz. 389 (3. 7).
—[commentary] by Appāji Paṇḍita. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 61.
—[commentary] Bhāgavatatātparyanirṇaya by Ānandatīrtha. ibid. 60.
—[sub-commentary] Bhāgavatatātparyacandrikā by Veṅkaṭakṛṣṇa. ibid.
—[commentary] by Kṛṣṇaguru. ibid. 61.
—[commentary] Vyākhyāleśa by Gopāla Cakravartin. Io. 208.
—[commentary] by Brahmavidyādīkṣita. Quoted in his Rāmāyaṇaṭīkā, Hz. Extr. 76.
—[commentary] Bhāgavatapadārthadīpikā by Mādhava. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 60.
—[commentary] Subodhinī by Vallabhācārya. Io. 877 (10). Rgb. 107 (1).
—[commentary] by Vāsudeva Bhaṭṭa. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 61.
—[commentary] by Vijayadhvaja. ibid. 60. Rgb. 163-65 (3. 8. 9).
—[commentary] Sārārthadarśinī by Viśvanātha. Io. 621-9 (1-10).
—[commentary] Bhāgavatacandrikā by Vīrarāghava, son of Śrīśaila. Hz. 367. 468.
—[commentary] by Śiṅgarācārya. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 61.
—[commentary] Bhāvārthadīpikā by Śrīdharasvāmin. Fl. 428. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 61. Hz. 244 (7-12). 384 (3). Io. 314-18. 472. 651-57. 975-6. 1411. 1837-39. 2431-39. 2494-2506. 2755-57. 2758-60. 3205-6. *) The number of skandhās contained in these Mss. is given above.
—[commentary] by Sudarśana Sūri. Oudh. Xxi, 38 (1-10). Daśamaskandha. Vaiṣṇavatoṣiṇī. Io. 387. 388. **) Given in Cc. I as an anonymous
—[commentary]. Oudh. Xxi, 38 (attributed to Rūpa Gosvāmin). Latter half of the 10th skandha with a
—[commentary] by Rāmacandra. Rgb. 110. Ekādaśaskandhasārasaṃgraha by Brahmānanda Bhāratī. Hz. 241.
—[commentary] by the same. Hz. 111. 241. Bhāgavatapurāṇe Gurustuti. Fl. 430.
—Gopikāgītā or Gopīgīta (10, 31). Gb. 47. Stein 208.
—Catuḥślokī or Catuḥślokībhāgavata (2, 9, 31-37). Stein 209.
—Nārāyaṇakavaca. Stein 209.
—Puruṣottamasahasranāman. Gb. 47.
—Prahlādastuti. Fl. 430.
—Prāvṛṭśaradvarṇana. Stein 209.
—Bhramaragīta. Peters. 4, 14.
—Mahāpuruṣalakṣaṇa. Fl. 430.
—Rāsakrīḍā or Rāsapañcādhyayī (10, 29-33).
—Rudragītā. [Bhau Dāji Memorial] 71.
—Viṣṇukavaca. Fl. 430.
—Veṇugīta. Peters. 4, 14.
—Haṃsasaṃvāda. Fl. 430.

4) Bhāgavatapurāṇa (भागवतपुराण):—Ulwar 812.
—[commentary] Cūrṇikā. Ulwar 817.
—[commentary] Tātparyadīpikā. Ulwar 818.
—[commentary] Śalākā. Ulwar 822.
—[commentary] Sarvārthaprakāśikā. Ulwar 823.
—[commentary] by Rūpa. Ulwar 815.
—[commentary] by Viśvanātha Cakravartin. Ulwar 813.
—[commentary] by Śrīdhara. Ulwar 814.
—[commentary] by Sudarśana, son of Vāgvijaya. Ulwar 816. Daśamaskandha.
—[commentary] Subodhinī by Vallabhācārya. Ulwar 824. Extr. 171.
—[commentary] Padaratnāvalī by Vijayadhvaja. Ulwar 820. Extr. 170.
—[commentary] Bhāgavatacandracandrikā by Vīrarāghava. Ulwar 821.
—[commentary] Vaiṣṇavatoṣiṇī by Sanātana. Ulwar 819. Bhāgavatapurāṇe Rāsapañcādhyāyī. Ulwar 840.
—Rudragītā. Ulwar 2325.

5) Bhāgavatapurāṇa (भागवतपुराण):—As p. 130 (3 Mss. Two contain 1-6 and 7-12, the third 11-12). Bc 261 (6-12). Bd. 207. Cr. (8-10 and C. inc.). Cs 4, 66. 68 (inc.). 69 (1-10 and C. inc.). 70 (1-9). 71 (7-10). 72 (inc.). 73 (the first part of 10 and C.). 74 (1-3 and C.). 75 (inc.). 76 (10). 77 (fragments of different Mss.). 78 (inc.). 79 (7). 80 (inc.). 81 (inc.). 82 (10). 83 (11 inc.). 85 (3. 4). 86 (1 and 4 inc., and 6). 267 (and C. inc.). 274 (10). 303 (10). Hz. 794. 1394 (except 10). Il (10). L.. 283. 284 (both 2). 285 ([fragmentary]). 286 and 287 (both 5). 288. 289 (both 10). 290 ([fragmentary]). 291 (10, 1-51). Peters. 6 p. 12. Śg. 1, 168 (parts of 10). 2, 287 (1-5). 288 (6-8). 289 (10 inc.). 290 (10. 21 Adhyāyāḥ). Whish 9 b (6, 36-12, 7 and C.). 19 (1-9). 38 (11-12). C. Bhāgavatacūrṇi. Peters. 6, 151. C. Bhāgavatacūrṇikātātparya. Ak 167. C. Premabhakti. Cr. (Skandha 10). C. Bhaktidīpikā. Bc 7 (1 and a few verses of 2). C. Prakāśa by Śrīnivāsa on Ānandathīrtha’s Bhāgavatatātparyanirṇaya. Io. 1309 (11). C. Bhāgavatabhūṣaṇa by Gopāla. Hz. 777 p. 76. C. Vyākhyāleśa by Gopāla Cakravartin. Hpr. 1, 259. C. by Nārāyaṇa. Cr. (2 Mss., one 11). C. Bhāgavatagūḍhārtharahasya by Bhāgavatānanda Gosvāmin. Io. 1185. No. 3519 (Skandha 1-7). C. Sārārthadarśinī by Viśvanātha. As p. 131 (3 Mss., containing 1. 6. 7. 11. 12 and part of 10). Cs 4, 89 (inc.). Peters. 6 p. 12. C. by Vīrarāghava. Śg. 1, 170 p. 150 (inc.). C. Bhāvārthadīpikā by Śrīdharasvāmin. As p. 130 (2 Mss. containing 1-6 and 7-12). 131 (10). Bd. 207. Cs 4, 66. 82 (10). 83 (11). 303 (10). Hz. 794. Io. 472 (11 [fragmentary]). 1411 (11). L.. 283. 284 (both 2). 286. 287 (both 5). 288 (10). 289 (10, 1-49). Śg. 2, 291 (1-11). Whish 38 (11. 12). See Bhāgavataskandhayojanā. Cc. Bhāvarthadīpikā by Śivarāma. As p. 131. Bhāgavata first Śloka and C. Bd. 163. Commentary on the three first Ślokāḥ of the first Adhyāya by Madhusūdana. Peters. 6, 153. Daśamaskandhakatipayaślokavicāra by Caturbhuja, son of Bhavānīcaraṇa. Hpr. 1, 258. Daśamaskandha. Bd. 208 and C. by Vijayadhvaja.
—Bd. 195 (Adhyāyāḥ 27. 28. 34. 21 inc). C. by Devācārya dto. C. Subodhinī by Vallabhācārya. Ak 275 (10, 13-46). L.. 291 (10, 1-51). Peters. 5, 187 (Pūrvārdha of 10). Śg. 1, 171 (1). 172 (10, 12-20 of the Pūrvārdha). 173 p. 138-144 (9-35 of the Uttarārdha). Cc. by Bālakṛṣṇalāla Bhaṭṭa. Śg. 1, 174 (Janmaprakaraṇa). Ekādaśaskandhaślokasaṃgraha. Whish 9 a (inc.). Ekādaśaskandhsāraślokasaṃgraha and C. by Brahmānanda Bhāratī, pupil of Kṛṣṇānanda Bhāratī. Whish 11. The following chapters are given separately: Nārāyaṇakavaca, Rāsapañcādhyāyī, Veṇugīta, Vedastuti or Śrutistuti.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhāgavatapurāṇa (भागवतपुराण):—[=bhāgavata-purāṇa] [from bhāgavata > bhāga] n. Name of the most celebrated and popular of the 18 Purāṇas (especially dedicated to the glorification of Viṣṇu-Kṛṣṇa, whose history is in the 10th book; and narrated by Śuka, son of Vyāsa, to king Parī-kṣit, grandson of Arjuna), [Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 331; 315 etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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