Parikshaka, Parīkṣaka: 16 definitions


Parikshaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Parīkṣaka can be transliterated into English as Pariksaka or Parikshaka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Parikshak.

In Hinduism

Arthashastra (politics and welfare)

Source: Studies in Kautilya Vocabulary

Parīkṣaka (परीक्षक) refers to a type of profession mentioned in the Śukranītisāra 2.128-188.—The Śukranītisāra is a Sanskrit work on ethics by Śukrācārya comprised of four chapters. The second chapter (uvarājādikṛtya, “the duties of the royal princes and the like”) describes a large number of varied topics, eg., it contains observations on the ministers, priests, sacive, treasury, a large number of officers and employees (such as a Parīkṣaka).

Arthashastra book cover
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Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Parikshaka in Kavya glossary
Source: OpenEdition books: Vividhatīrthakalpaḥ (Kāvya)

Parīkṣaka (परीक्षक) in Sanskrit refers to a “superintendent of a district, and more specifically Shaiva monk”, as is mentioned in the Vividhatīrthakalpa by Jinaprabhasūri (13th century A.D.): an ancient text devoted to various Jaina holy places (tīrthas).—(Sircar 1966 p. 239-40).

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Parīkṣaka.—(IE 8-3), see Parīkṣā = Od8iyā Parichā. Note: parīkṣaka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Parikshaka in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

parīkṣaka (परीक्षक).—a (S) That investigates accurately or acutely; a connoisseur, critic, judge. Ex. andhārānēṃ ṭākilēṃ ratna surēkha || parī pa0 saṃrakṣiti ||. 2 An assayer. 3 An experimenter, tester, or prover gen.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

parīkṣaka (परीक्षक).—a Examiner; critic, judge. An assayer.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Parikshaka in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Parīkṣaka (परीक्षक).—An examiner, investigator, a judge.

Derivable forms: parīkṣakaḥ (परीक्षकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parīkṣaka (परीक्षक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) Investigating acutely, trying, examining. m.

(-kaḥ) 1. An experimenter, an assayer, a prover. 2. An investigator, a Judge. E. pari well, closely, īkṣ to look or see, aff. ṇvul.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parīkṣaka (परीक्षक).—i. e. pari-īkṣ + aka, m. An examiner, one who knows well, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 88.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parīkṣaka (परीक्षक).—[masculine] examiner, investigator.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Parīkṣaka (परीक्षक):—[from parīkṣ] mfn. trying, examining, [Horace H. Wilson]

2) [v.s. ...] m. a prover, examiner, judge, [Rājataraṅgiṇī; Pañcatantra]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parīkṣaka (परीक्षक):—[parī+kṣaka] (kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) a. Testing severely. m. Investigator; tempter.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Parīkṣaka (परीक्षक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Parikkhaa, Paricchaga, Paricchaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Parikshaka in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Parikshaka in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Parīkṣaka (परीक्षक) [Also spelled parikshak]:—(nm) an examiner; -[prativedana] examiner’s report.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Parikshaka in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Parīkṣaka (ಪರೀಕ್ಷಕ):—[adjective] testing or examining carefully and thoroughly.

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Parīkṣaka (ಪರೀಕ್ಷಕ):—

1) [noun] he who tests, examines something carefully and thoroughly to find out the real worth, value, capacity, ability, genuineness, etc.; an examiner.

2) [noun] a man who checks the answers written by a person in an examination, evaluates and awards marks to them; an examiner.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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