Paratantra, aka: Para-tantra; 4 Definition(s)
Paratantra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Samkhya (school of philosophy)
Paratantra (परतन्त्र, “dependent”).—That which depend on others for its existence and activities is called paratantra. The vyaktas (manifests) are dependent on some entity for their existence and activities and for this reason the vyaktas are called paratantra. This is what is meant by Vācaspati in saying—“paratantram buddhyādi...”, Māṭhara very clearly says—“paratantram parādhinam”, which means paratantra is dependence on others. Both of them explain, almost in similar fashion, the dependence of different vyaktas on other elements—either on another vyakta or on avyakta. As they say, all the effects are dependent on their respective causes.(Source): Shodhganga: Prakrti and purusa in Samkhyakarika an analytical review
Samkhya (सांख्य, Sāṃkhya) is a dualistic school of Hindu philosophy (astika) and is closeley related to the Yoga school. Samkhya philosophy accepts three pramanas (‘proofs’) only as valid means of gaining knowledge. Another important concept is their theory of evolution, revolving around prakriti (matter) and purusha (consciousness).
Languages of India and abroad
paratantra (परतंत्र).—a (S) Subject to another.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
paratantra (परतंत्र).—a Subject to another.(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Paratantra (परतन्त्र).—a. dependent on another, dependent, subservient.
Paratantra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms para and tantra (तन्त्र).
--- OR ---
Paratantra (परतन्त्र).—(a common group of) subsidiaries belonging to another; जैमिनेः परतन्त्रापत्तेः स्वतन्त्रप्रतिषेधः स्यात् (jaimineḥ paratantrāpatteḥ svatantrapratiṣedhaḥ syāt) MS.12.1.8. (see tantram).
Derivable forms: paratantram (परतन्त्रम्).
Paratantra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms para and tantra (तन्त्र).(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Search found 1722 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
1) Para (पर) refers to the first of the five-fold manifestation of the Supreme Consciousness th...
Tantra (तन्त्र).—That which elaborately explains the meanings that are dealt in holy texts and ...
Parābhava (पराभव).—(a)1) Defeat, discomfiture, overthrow; पराभवोऽप्युत्सव एव मानिनाम् (parābhav...
Parāyaṇa (परायण).—See under पर (para) (para-ayana).--- OR --- Pārāyaṇa (पारायण).—1) going acros...
Parāga (पराग) refers to the “pollen” of flowers, as mentioned in a list of five synonyms, accor...
Parāśakti (पराशक्ति) refers to one of the Śaktis emanting from a thousandth part of Śiva.—...
Parapuruṣa (परपुरुष).—1) another man, a stranger. 2) the Supreme Spirit, Viṣṇu. 3) the husband ...
Parāpara (परापर).—a. 1) far and near, remote and proximate. 2) prior and posterior. 3) before a...
Parājita (पराजित).—p. p.1) Conquered, subjugated, defeated.2) Condemned by law, cast or defeate...
Parākrama (पराक्रम) is the name of a Vidyādhara who fought on Śrutaśarman’s side in the war aga...
Svatantra (स्वतन्त्र).—a. 1) self-dependent, uncontrolled, independent, self-willed. 2) of age,...
Paraloka (परलोक).—the next (or furture) world; परलोकनवप्रवासिनः प्रतिपत्स्ये पदवीमहं तव (paralo...
Pārāvāra (पारावार).—The sea, ocean; रत्नोद्भवोऽपि वाणिज्यनिपुणतया पारावारतरणमकरोत् (ratnodbhavo...
Parakāra (परकार).—The deeds of the enemy; राज्ञः समीपे परकारमाह प्रज्ञापनैषा विबि- धोपदिष्टा (r...
Parādhīna (पराधीन).—a. dependent on another, subject, subservient; अन्नमेषां पराधीनं देयं स्याद...
Search found 6 books and stories containing Paratantra or Para-tantra. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Part 1 - Definition of theft (steya) < [Section I.2 - Abstaining from theft]
Emptiness 13: Emptiness of specific characteristics < [Chapter XLVIII - The Eighteen Emptinesses]
Shri Gaudiya Kanthahara (by Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati)
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 3 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 5 - Criticism of the views of Rāmānuja and Bhāskara < [Chapter XXI - The Nimbārka School of Philosophy]
The Great Chariot (by Longchenpa)
Part 10b.6) The six perfections: Prajña that realizes the natural state < [B. the extensive explanation of arousing bodhicitta]
Part 2a - By knowing or not knowing what we are < [B. The extended explanation of the particulars]