Paratantra, aka: Para-tantra; 6 Definition(s)
Paratantra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Samkhya (school of philosophy)
Paratantra (परतन्त्र, “dependent”).—That which depend on others for its existence and activities is called paratantra. The vyaktas (manifests) are dependent on some entity for their existence and activities and for this reason the vyaktas are called paratantra. This is what is meant by Vācaspati in saying—“paratantram buddhyādi...”, Māṭhara very clearly says—“paratantram parādhinam”, which means paratantra is dependence on others. Both of them explain, almost in similar fashion, the dependence of different vyaktas on other elements—either on another vyakta or on avyakta. As they say, all the effects are dependent on their respective causes.Source: Shodhganga: Prakrti and purusa in Samkhyakarika an analytical review
Samkhya (सांख्य, Sāṃkhya) is a dualistic school of Hindu philosophy (astika) and is closeley related to the Yoga school. Samkhya philosophy accepts three pramanas (‘proofs’) only as valid means of gaining knowledge. Another important concept is their theory of evolution, revolving around prakriti (matter) and purusha (consciousness).
Languages of India and abroad
paratantra (परतंत्र).—a (S) Subject to another.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
paratantra (परतंत्र).—a Subject to another.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Paratantra (परतन्त्र).—a. dependent on another, dependent, subservient.
Paratantra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms para and tantra (तन्त्र).
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Paratantra (परतन्त्र).—(a common group of) subsidiaries belonging to another; जैमिनेः परतन्त्रापत्तेः स्वतन्त्रप्रतिषेधः स्यात् (jaimineḥ paratantrāpatteḥ svatantrapratiṣedhaḥ syāt) MS.12.1.8. (see tantram).
Derivable forms: paratantram (परतन्त्रम्).
Paratantra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms para and tantra (तन्त्र).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Paratantra (परतन्त्र).—dependent on something else, as one of the three svabhāva, q.v., in Laṅk: explained Laṅk 67.15; mentioned 130.9; Suzuki, relative knowledge or relativity; the same triad called lakṣaṇa, q.v., in Mvy and Sūtrāl.; paratantra-l° Mvy 1664; °trasya lakṣaṇaṃ Sūtrāl. xi.40 (Lévi, indice du relatif).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
(-ntraḥ-ntrā-ntraṃ) Subservient, obedient, dependant. E. para another, tantra will.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Search found 7 books and stories containing Paratantra, Para-tantra; (plurals include: Paratantras, tantras). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Part 1 - Definition of theft (steya) < [Section I.2 - Abstaining from theft]
Emptiness 13: Emptiness of specific characteristics < [Chapter XLVIII - The Eighteen Emptinesses]
Shri Gaudiya Kanthahara (by Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati)
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 3 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 5 - Criticism of the views of Rāmānuja and Bhāskara < [Chapter XXI - The Nimbārka School of Philosophy]
The Great Chariot (by Longchenpa)
Part 10b.6) The six perfections: Prajña that realizes the natural state < [B. the extensive explanation of arousing bodhicitta]
Part 2a - By knowing or not knowing what we are < [B. The extended explanation of the particulars]