Paratantra, Para-tantra: 8 definitions


Paratantra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Samkhya (school of philosophy)

[«previous (P) next»] — Paratantra in Samkhya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Prakrti and purusa in Samkhyakarika an analytical review

Paratantra (परतन्त्र, “dependent”).—That which depend on others for its existence and activities is called paratantra. The vyaktas (manifests) are dependent on some entity for their existence and activities and for this reason the vyaktas are called paratantra. This is what is meant by Vācaspati in saying—“paratantram buddhyādi...”, Māṭhara very clearly says—“paratantram parādhinam”, which means paratantra is dependence on others. Both of them explain, almost in similar fashion, the dependence of different vyaktas on other elements—either on another vyakta or on avyakta. As they say, all the effects are dependent on their respective causes.

context information

Samkhya (सांख्य, Sāṃkhya) is a dualistic school of Hindu philosophy (astika) and is closeley related to the Yoga school. Samkhya philosophy accepts three pramanas (‘proofs’) only as valid means of gaining knowledge. Another important concept is their theory of evolution, revolving around prakriti (matter) and purusha (consciousness).

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (P) next»] — Paratantra in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

paratantra (परतंत्र).—a (S) Subject to another.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

paratantra (परतंत्र).—a Subject to another.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (P) next»] — Paratantra in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Paratantra (परतन्त्र).—a. dependent on another, dependent, subservient.

Paratantra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms para and tantra (तन्त्र).

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Paratantra (परतन्त्र).—(a common group of) subsidiaries belonging to another; जैमिनेः परतन्त्रापत्तेः स्वतन्त्रप्रतिषेधः स्यात् (jaimineḥ paratantrāpatteḥ svatantrapratiṣedhaḥ syāt) MS.12.1.8. (see tantram).

Derivable forms: paratantram (परतन्त्रम्).

Paratantra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms para and tantra (तन्त्र).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Paratantra (परतन्त्र).—dependent on something else, as one of the three svabhāva, q.v., in Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra: explained Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 67.15; mentioned 130.9; Suzuki, relative knowledge or relativity; the same triad called lakṣaṇa, q.v., in Mahāvyutpatti and Asaṅga (Mahāyāna-sūtrālaṃkāra); paratantra-l° Mahāvyutpatti 1664; °trasya lakṣaṇaṃ Asaṅga (Mahāyāna-sūtrālaṃkāra) xi.40 (Lévi, indice du relatif).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paratantra (परतन्त्र).—mfn.

(-ntraḥ-ntrā-ntraṃ) Subservient, obedient, dependant. E. para another, tantra will.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Paratantra (परतन्त्र):—[=para-tantra] [from para] n. a rule or formula for another rite, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

2) [v.s. ...] mf(ā)n. dependent on or subject to an°, obedient (opp. to sva-t), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature; Suśruta] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] n. ([in the beginning of a compound]) dependence on an°’s will, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

4) Pāratantra (पारतन्त्र):—[=pāra-tantra] [from pāra] [wrong reading] for trya.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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