Parimanat, Parimāṇāt: 1 definition


Parimanat means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Samkhya (school of philosophy)

[«previous (P) next»] — Parimanat in Samkhya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Prakrti and purusa in Samkhyakarika an analytical review

Parimāṇāt (परिमाणात्, “non-pervasive”).—The word parimāṇāt denotes the spatia-temporal limitation of every effect. Neither before production, nor after annihilation an effect is found to appear. Hence, origination to annihilation is actually the period of duration of an effect. The period of duration of an effect being limited, all objects are considered as limited in space and time (paricchinna or parimita).

One may like to know, why it is not possible for the buddhi to be the root cause of the world? With a view to replying this objection, the term parimāṇāt was interpreted by Vācaspati in a different way. The term parimāṇāt for him, indicates parimita i.e. non-pervasive (avyāpakatva). As five gross elements (mahabhūtas), five subtle elements (tanmātras), ahaṃkāra and mahat (buddhi) etc are produced elements, so they have spatia-temporal limitation. For this reason, they are non-pervasive (avyāpi).

context information

Samkhya (सांख्य, Sāṃkhya) is a dualistic school of Hindu philosophy (astika) and is closeley related to the Yoga school. Samkhya philosophy accepts three pramanas (‘proofs’) only as valid means of gaining knowledge. Another important concept is their theory of evolution, revolving around prakriti (matter) and purusha (consciousness).

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