Vajrayogini, Vajrayoginī, Vajra-yogini: 4 definitions

Introduction

Vajrayogini means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous (V) next»] — Vajrayogini in Buddhism glossary
Source: WikiPedia: Buddhism

Vajrayoginī (lit. “the diamond female yogi”) is a highest yoga tantra yidam (iṣṭha-devatā), and her practice includes methods for preventing ordinary death, intermediate state (bardo) and rebirth (by transforming them into paths to enlightenment), and for transforming all mundane daily experiences into higher spiritual paths. Vajrayoginī is a generic female yidam and although she is sometimes visualized as simply Vajrayoginī, in a collection of her sādhanas she is visualized in an alternate form in over two thirds of the practices.

Her other forms include Vajravārāhī (Tibetan: Dorje Pakmo) and Krodikali (or Krodhakali, Kālikā, Krodheśvarī, Tibetan: Troma Nagmo). Vajrayoginī is a Ḍākiṇī (an accomplished Yoginī or a female deity) and a Vajrayāna Buddhist meditation deity. As such she is considered to be a female Buddha. Vajrayoginī is often described with the epithet sarva-buddha-dakinī, meaning “the Ḍākiṇī who is the essence of all Buddhas”.

Vajrayoginī’s sādhana, or practice, originated in India between the tenth and twelfth centuries. It evolved from the Chakrasaṃvara sādhana, where Vajrayoginī appears as his Yab-Yum consort, to become a stand-alone practice of Anuttarayoga Tantra in its own right. The practice of Vajrayoginī belongs to the Mother Tantra (Standard Tibetan: ma-rgyud) class of Anuttarayoga Tantra, along with other Tantras such as the Cakrasaṃvara Tantra and the Hevajra Tantra.

India history and geogprahy

Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography (history)

Vajrayoginī (वज्रयोगिनी) is the name of an ancient village situated in the Pargaṇā Vikrampur area of the Vaṅga-Samataṭa region.—In this Pargaṇā Vikrampur there is a fairly large and well-populated village which is now known by the rather extraordinary name of Vajrayoginī. Round about this village numerous Vajrayāna images have been discovered, and among them may be noticed images of Jambhala, Parṇaśabarī, Vajrasattva and Tārā. The term ‘Vajra’ in Vajrayoginī is also a familiar Buddhist word. Vajra is equivalent to Śūnya. Vajrayoginī is a Buddhist deity which the Hindus borrowed in the form of Chinnamaṣṭā. Thus the name of the village appears to be unmistakably Buddhist. The village must have derived its name from the temple of Vajrayoginī which was in existence in early times.

Vajrayoginī is possibly identified with Uḍḍiyāna.—It has already been pointed out that the temples dedicated to Vajrayoginī could only be expected at four places, Kāmākhyā, Sirihaṭṭa, Pūrṇagiri and Uḍḍiyāna. Out of these Kāmākhyā and Sirihaṭṭa (Sylhet) still retain their original names. Pūrṇagiri which signifies a hill is not identified yet with certainty. But it is possible to spot the fourth place [viz., Uḍḍiyāna] which is connected with Vajrayoginī. Thus it becomes evident that the present village Vajrayoginī was originally known as Uḍḍiyanā but as the deity Vajrayoginī became more popular later, the original name gradually disappeared giving place to the name of the deity. Tantrism of the Buddhists therefore originated here in Uḍḍiyanā-Vajrayoginī, and thence was transmited to the rest of India.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (V) next»] — Vajrayogini in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vajrayoginī (वज्रयोगिनी).—(compare Vajrā), name of a yoginī: Sādhanamālā 452.6 etc.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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