Paranirmitavashavartin, Paranirmitavaśavartin: 3 definitions

Introduction

Paranirmitavashavartin means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Paranirmitavaśavartin can be transliterated into English as Paranirmitavasavartin or Paranirmitavashavartin, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous (P) next»] — Paranirmitavashavartin in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Paranirmitavaśavartin (परनिर्मितवशवर्तिन्) is part of the six groups of Gods inhabiting the Kāmadhātu (the first of the three worlds), according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 32-34. The six classes of gods of the desire realm (kāmadhātu), attached to the five desirable objects, will fall into the hells (niraya) and be subjected to all the sufferings.

The Paranirmitavaśavartin gods represents one of the seven destination of rebirths in kāmadhātu, according to chapter XLIX, “[...] another, when he gives, shows deepening pure morality; he loves erudition (bāhuśrutya) and considers himself a spiritual person (sattva); but unable to undergo suffering, he seeks his satisfactions from someone else (para): he is reborn among the Paranirmitavaśavartin gods, ‘gods using the desirable objects (kāma or kāmaguṇa) created by others in a sovereign manner’. This is a question of female shapes knowingly and ingeniously created by others (paranirmita); the Paranirmitavaśavartin gods take hold of these five objects of enjoyment (pañcakāmaguṇa) and use them in a sovereign manner. They are like destitute people who fight over a patrimony”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (P) next»] — Paranirmitavashavartin in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Paranirmitavaśavartin (परनिर्मितवशवर्तिन्).—(= Pali paranimmitava-savatti-n), name of the highest class of kāmāvacara gods, see deva; lit. controlling (enjoyments) magically created by others; they rank higher than the nirmāṇarati, who create their own magical enjoyments: Lalitavistara 46.21; 51.1; 150.4; 266.7; 396.15; 401.10; Mahāvastu i.33.3; 212.15; 229.16; 240.5; 263.17; 333.6; ii.16.4; 163.12; 348.18; 360.6; iii.223.11; Mahāvyutpatti 3083; Dharmasaṃgraha 127; Divyāvadāna 68.13; 367.10; Avadāna-śataka i.5.1; Suvarṇabhāsottamasūtra 86.10; Sukhāvatīvyūha 41.2, etc.; sg., of the chief of this class (parallel with Sunirmita etc.), Lalitavistara 44.10; 59.9; 361.13 (later he is referred to as Vaśavarti-, q.v., in 362.15); he is more regularly known as Vaśavartin, also (in verses) as simply Paranirmita, q.v. The interpretation of the name is correctly given by Childers, and supported by the paraphrase paranirmitodyukta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paranirmitavaśavartin (परनिर्मितवशवर्तिन्):—[=para-nirmita-vaśa-vartin] [from para] m. ‘constantly enjoying pleasures provided by others’, Name of a class of [Buddhist literature] deities, [Lalita-vistara] (cf. [Monier-Williams’ Buddhism 208]).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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