Subhiksha, Subhikṣa, Su-bhiksha: 14 definitions


Subhiksha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Subhikṣa can be transliterated into English as Subhiksa or Subhiksha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Subhiksha in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Subhikṣa (सुभिक्ष) (Cf. Subhikṣakṣema, Subhikṣāvaha) refers to “propsperity”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 4), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the two horns of the moon should appear but slightly raised and far from each other presenting the appearance of a boat, she brings trouble on the sailors but prosperity on mankind at large. [...] If, on the first lunar day after new moon, both horns should be alike and of equal height, there will be the same prosperity and rain [i.e., subhikṣa-kṣema-vṛṣṭi] throughout the month as on such first lunar day. If the moon should appear like a rod, the cattle will suffer and the sovereign will rule with a severe rod”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Subhiksha in Mahayana glossary
Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Subhikṣa (सुभिक्ष) refers to “well-provided”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, as the Lord said to the Bodhisattva Ratnaśrī: “[...] That Kāyabandhana universe was, son of good family, thriving, prosperous, safe, well-provided (subhikṣa), filled with a great multitude of men, adorned with seven precious jewels, peaceful and delightful, pleasant to touch like a soft cloth, displayed by the lotus of gold from the Jāmbū river, decorated with all kinds of luminous jewels, patterned like a chess-board, and even like the palm of the hand. Just like the enjoyment and entertainment of the Paranirmitavaśavartin gods, all the people in that universe, staying in celestial palace and pavilions, enjoyed food and drink as they wished”.

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Subhikṣa (सुभिक्ष) refers to “plenty”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [as the great Nāga kings said to the Bhagavān]: “[...] Bhagavān, we will not harm beings in Jambudvīpa again. We will guard them as an own son. O Bhagavān, we will guard all beings as authorized by the teachings of the Tathāgata in the last time, in the last age. We will preserve them. We will produce success, safety and plenty (subhikṣa)”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geography

Source: What is India: Epigraphia Indica volume XXXI (1955-56)

Subhikṣa or Subhikṣarāja or Subhikṣadeva is the name of a king mentioned in the “Plate of Subhikṣarājadeva” (tenth century A.D.). Subhikṣarāja is said to have been the son of king Padmaṭa and Mahādevī Īśānadevī. Unlike his predecessors who were Śaivas, king Subhikṣa was a devout worshipper of Viṣṇu.

This inscribed copper plate (mentioning Subhikṣa) is preserved in the temple of Yogabadarī (one of the Pañcabadarī) at Pāṇḍukeśvar (Pāṇḍukeśvara). It records the grant of many pieces of land, situated in the viṣayas (districts) of Ṭaṅgaṇāpura and Antaraṅga made by king Subhikṣa in favour of three deities.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Subhiksha in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

subhikṣa (सुभिक्ष).—n (S) Plentifulness and cheapness of the necessaries of life. 2 attrib. Abounding and cheap;--used of a country or place, a season or time. subhikṣatā f occurs in the sense of the noun.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

subhikṣa (सुभिक्ष).—n Plentifulness and cheapness of the necessaries of life.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Subhiksha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Subhikṣa (सुभिक्ष).—

1) good alms, successful begging.

2) abundance of food, an abundant supply of provisions, plenty of corn &c.

Derivable forms: subhikṣam (सुभिक्षम्).

Subhikṣa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and bhikṣa (भिक्ष).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Subhikṣa (सुभिक्ष).—n.

(-kṣaṃ) 1. Good alms, successful begging. 2. Abundance of food. f.

(-kṣā) A tree, (Grislea tomentosa.) E. su well, bhikṣ to beg, or obtain by begging, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Subhikṣā (सुभिक्षा).—n. abundance of food, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 116; [Pañcatantra] iv. [distich] 82.

Subhikṣā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and bhikṣā (भिक्षा).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Subhikṣa (सुभिक्ष).—[adjective] having or offering food enough; [neuter] abundance of food, good time.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Subhikṣa (सुभिक्ष):—[=su-bhikṣa] [from su > su-pakva] mf(ā)n. having good food or an abundant supply of provisions, [Chāndogya-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) Subhikṣā (सुभिक्षा):—[=su-bhikṣā] [from su-bhikṣa > su > su-pakva] f. Lythrun Fructicosum or Grislea Tomentosa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) Subhikṣa (सुभिक्ष):—[=su-bhikṣa] [from su > su-pakva] n. (am) abundance of food ([especially] that given as alms), abundant supply of provisions, plenty (opp. to dur-bh), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Subhikṣā (सुभिक्षा):—[su-bhikṣā] (kṣā) 1. f. A tree, Grislea tomentosa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Subhiksha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Subhiksha in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Subhikṣa (ಸುಭಿಕ್ಷ):—

1) [noun] abundance of food; an abundant supply of provisions; plentifulness and cheapness of the necessities of life.

2) [noun] good alms.

3) [noun] a particular horse disease.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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