Paramahamsa, Paramahaṃsa, Parama-hamsa: 8 definitions

Introduction

Paramahamsa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous (P) next»] — Paramahamsa in Shaivism glossary
Source: DSpace at Pondicherry: Siddha Cult in Tamilnadu (shaivism)

Paramahaṃsa (परमहंस).—According to the ancient tradition, ascetics who strive to gain liberation are classified into four classes. They are kuṭīcakas, bahūdakas, haṃsas and paramahaṃsas. Of these, the last represents an extremely ancient ascetic order. The paramahaṃsas live under trees, in grave yards or in deserted houses. They go naked or half-clad. They are indifferent to everything in the sense that they are disinterested, free souls. They look at a clod of mud and gold with the same dispassion. They accept food from people of any caste. They practice a kind of yogic tāntrism.

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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

[«previous (P) next»] — Paramahamsa in Vaishnavism glossary
Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhajana-rahasya - 2nd Edition

Paramahaṃsa (परमहंस) refers to:—A topmost, God-realised, ‘swan-like’ devotee of Śrī Bhagavān;the fourth and highest stage of sannyāsa. (cf. Glossary page from Bhajana-Rahasya).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Paramahaṃsa.—(EI 5; BL), an ascetic; epithet of an ascetic. See Haṃsa. Note: paramahaṃsa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (P) next»] — Paramahamsa in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

paramahaṃsa (परमहंस).—m S An order, or an individual of it, of devotees; an ascetic who has subdued all his senses by abstract meditation. 2 A name of God.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

paramahaṃsa (परमहंस).—m An order, or an individual of it, of devotees; an ascetic who has subdued all his senses by abstract meditation.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (P) next»] — Paramahamsa in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Paramahaṃsa (परमहंस).—an ascetic of the highest order, one who has controlled and subdued all his senses by abstract meditation; cf. कुटीचक (kuṭīcaka); कुटीचको बहूदकः हंसश्चैव तृतीयकः । चतुर्थः परमो हंसो यो यः पश्चात् स उत्तमः (kuṭīcako bahūdakaḥ haṃsaścaiva tṛtīyakaḥ | caturthaḥ paramo haṃso yo yaḥ paścāt sa uttamaḥ) || Hārītāsmṛti. °परिव्राजकाचार्यः (parivrājakācāryaḥ) Name of Śaṅkarāchārya.

Derivable forms: paramahaṃsaḥ (परमहंसः).

Paramahaṃsa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms parama and haṃsa (हंस).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paramahaṃsa (परमहंस).—m.

(-saḥ) An ascetic, a religious man who has subdued all his senses by abstract meditation. E. parama best or first, haṃsa devotee.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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