Raivataka: 17 definitions


Raivataka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Raivataka in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Raivataka (रैवतक) refers to a country belonging to “Nairṛtī (south-western division)” classified under the constellations of Svāti, Viśākhā and Anurādhā, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 14), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The countries of the Earth beginning from the centre of Bhāratavarṣa and going round the east, south-east, south, etc., are divided into 9 divisions corresponding to the 27 lunar asterisms at the rate of 3 for each division and beginning from Kṛttikā. The constellations of Svāti, Viśākhā and Anurādhā represent the south-western division consisting of [i.e., Raivataka] [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Raivataka in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Raivataka (रैवतक).—A mountain in Gujarat. It stands near the present Junagaḍh. The present name of Raivataka mountain is Girnar. In Mahābhārata it is spoken of as Ujjayantagiri. It is stated in Mahābhārata that while Śrī Kṛṣṇa and Arjuna were travelling through Prabhāsakṣetra once, they got to the top of this mountain. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 217, Verse 8).

The Yādavas once celebrated a great festival on the Raivataka mountain. It was during this festival that Arjuna carried away Subhadrā, the sister of Śrī Kṛṣṇa. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 219; Bhāgavata, Skandha 10).

2) Raivataka (रैवतक).—A mountain in Śāka Island. Mention is made about this mountain in Mahābhārata, Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 11, Stanza 18.

3) Raivataka (रैवतक).—(raivata) Son of Priyavrata, the brother of Uttānapāda. Priyavrata had two wives Surūpā and Barhiṣmatī. Surūpā gave birth to ten sons beginning with Agnīdhra. Three sons Uttama, Tāmasa and Raivata were born to Barhiṣmatī. These three sons became Lords of Manvantara, in course of time. (See under Manvantara).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Raivataka (रैवतक).—Mt. in Śākadvīpa. Here Revatī nakṣatra stops always, and hence sacred to it.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 19. 87; Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 81; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 4. 62.

1b) (Mt.) in Bhāratavarṣa;1 here Dvivida met Rāma and provoked him to a battle and in it was killed.2

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 92; Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 19. 16; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 22.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 67. 8-25.

1c) A tīrtha sacred to the Pitṛs.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 22. 74.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Raivataka (रैवतक) refers to the name of a Mountain mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.221.1, I.221). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Raivataka) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Raivataka in Hinduism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Raivataka (रैवतक) is a Sanskrit word referring to a mountain near Dvārakā.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Raivataka in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Raivataka (रैवतक).—There was, notably in a monastery of Kaśmir, a Revata or rather a Raivataka, who was the hero of an avadāna told in chap. 103 of the Avadānakalpalatā: “Among the Kasmirians in the Craggy Monastery, there once was a monk with pure vows, named Raivataka, the compassionate support of all beings.”

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Raivataka in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Sum Jaina Canonical Sutras (vividhatirthakalpa)

Raivataka (रैवतक) or Raivatakagiri is the mountain Girnar near Junagarh in Gujarat.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Raivataka (रैवतक) is the name of a mountain mentioned in the Gupta inscription No. 17. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Raivataka is the same as Ūrajayat (see Ūrjayat).

Raivataka’s modern name Girnar was a switch over to it from the city name Girinagara, i.e., ‘a city on or at the foot of a hill’. Raivataka derives its name from king Revatā, the father of Revatī, (the wife of Baladeva, Kṛṣṇa’s elder brother). Revata is supposed to have come there from Dwārakā and lived on the hill.

Source: OpenEdition books: Vividhatīrthakalpaḥ (History)

Raivataka (रैवतक) is the name of an ancient locality, associated with a traditional pilgrimage route, as is mentioned in the Vividhatīrthakalpa by Jinaprabhasūri (13th century A.D.): an ancient text devoted to various Jaina holy places (tīrthas).

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Raivataka in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Raivataka (रैवतक).—Name of a mountain near Dvārakā; (for a description of this mountain, see Śiśupālavadha 4).

-kam A species of date.

Derivable forms: raivatakaḥ (रैवतकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Raivataka (रैवतक).—m.

(-kaḥ) The mountain Raivata. E. kan added to the preceding; also with ṭhak added to revata, raivatika .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Raivataka (रैवतक).—[raivata + ka], m. 1. The mountain Raivata. 2. A proper name.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Raivataka (रैवतक).—[masculine] [Name] of a mountain, [plural] its inhabitants.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Raivataka (रैवतक):—[from rai] m. Name of a mountain (= raivata), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Purāṇa] ([plural] the inhabitants of it, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā])

2) [v.s. ...] of a Parama-haṃsa (q.v.), [Jābāla-upaniṣad] ([varia lectio] ravatika)

3) [v.s. ...] of a doorkeeper, [Śakuntalā]

4) [v.s. ...] of a prince, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] a species of date, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Raivataka (रैवतक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. Mountain Raivata.

[Sanskrit to German]

Raivataka in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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