Raivataka; 8 Definition(s)


Raivataka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Itihasa (narrative history)

[Raivataka in Itihasa glossaries]

Raivataka (रैवतक) refers to the name of a Mountain mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.221.1, I.221). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Raivataka) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
context information

Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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[Raivataka in Purana glossaries]

1) Raivataka (रैवतक).—A mountain in Gujarat. It stands near the present Junagaḍh. The present name of Raivataka mountain is Girnar. In Mahābhārata it is spoken of as Ujjayantagiri. It is stated in Mahābhārata that while Śrī Kṛṣṇa and Arjuna were travelling through Prabhāsakṣetra once, they got to the top of this mountain. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 217, Verse 8).

The Yādavas once celebrated a great festival on the Raivataka mountain. It was during this festival that Arjuna carried away Subhadrā, the sister of Śrī Kṛṣṇa. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 219; Bhāgavata, Skandha 10).

2) Raivataka (रैवतक).—A mountain in Śāka Island. Mention is made about this mountain in Mahābhārata, Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 11, Stanza 18.

3) Raivataka (रैवतक).—(raivata) Son of Priyavrata, the brother of Uttānapāda. Priyavrata had two wives Surūpā and Barhiṣmatī. Surūpā gave birth to ten sons beginning with Agnīdhra. Three sons Uttama, Tāmasa and Raivata were born to Barhiṣmatī. These three sons became Lords of Manvantara, in course of time. (See under Manvantara).

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Raivataka (रैवतक).—Mt. in Śākadvīpa. Here Revatī nakṣatra stops always, and hence sacred to it.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 19. 87; Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 81; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 4. 62.

1b) (Mt.) in Bhāratavarṣa;1 here Dvivida met Rāma and provoked him to a battle and in it was killed.2

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 92; Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 19. 16; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 22.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 67. 8-25.

1c) A tīrtha sacred to the Pitṛs.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 22. 74.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[Raivataka in Hinduism glossaries]

Raivataka (रैवतक) is a Sanskrit word referring to a mountain near Dvārakā.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Hinduism

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[Raivataka in Mahayana glossaries]

Raivataka (रैवतक).—There was, notably in a monastery of Kaśmir, a Revata or rather a Raivataka, who was the hero of an avadāna told in chap. 103 of the Avadānakalpalatā: “Among the Kasmirians in the Craggy Monastery, there once was a monk with pure vows, named Raivataka, the compassionate support of all beings.”

(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[Raivataka in Jainism glossaries]

Raivataka (रैवतक) or Raivatakagiri is the mountain Girnar near Junagarh in Gujarat.

(Source): archive.org: Sum Jaina Canonical Sutras (vividhatirthakalpa)
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

[Raivataka in India history glossaries]

Raivataka (रैवतक) is the name of a mountain mentioned in the Gupta inscription No. 17. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Raivataka is the same as Ūrajayat (see Ūrjayat).

Raivataka’s modern name Girnar was a switch over to it from the city name Girinagara, i.e., ‘a city on or at the foot of a hill’. Raivataka derives its name from king Revatā, the father of Revatī, (the wife of Baladeva, Kṛṣṇa’s elder brother). Revata is supposed to have come there from Dwārakā and lived on the hill.

(Source): archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Raivataka in Sanskrit glossaries]

Raivataka (रैवतक).—Name of a mountain near Dvārakā; (for a description of this mountain, see Śi.4).

-kam A species of date.

Derivable forms: raivatakaḥ (रैवतकः).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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