Raivataka; 8 Definition(s)
Raivataka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Itihasa (narrative history)
Raivataka (रैवतक) refers to the name of a Mountain mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.221.1, I.221). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Raivataka) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).
1) Raivataka (रैवतक).—A mountain in Gujarat. It stands near the present Junagaḍh. The present name of Raivataka mountain is Girnar. In Mahābhārata it is spoken of as Ujjayantagiri. It is stated in Mahābhārata that while Śrī Kṛṣṇa and Arjuna were travelling through Prabhāsakṣetra once, they got to the top of this mountain. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 217, Verse 8).
The Yādavas once celebrated a great festival on the Raivataka mountain. It was during this festival that Arjuna carried away Subhadrā, the sister of Śrī Kṛṣṇa. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 219; Bhāgavata, Skandha 10).
2) Raivataka (रैवतक).—A mountain in Śāka Island. Mention is made about this mountain in Mahābhārata, Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 11, Stanza 18.
3) Raivataka (रैवतक).—(raivata) Son of Priyavrata, the brother of Uttānapāda. Priyavrata had two wives Surūpā and Barhiṣmatī. Surūpā gave birth to ten sons beginning with Agnīdhra. Three sons Uttama, Tāmasa and Raivata were born to Barhiṣmatī. These three sons became Lords of Manvantara, in course of time. (See under Manvantara).(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
1a) Raivataka (रैवतक).—Mt. in Śākadvīpa. Here Revatī nakṣatra stops always, and hence sacred to it.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 19. 87; Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 81; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 4. 62.
- 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 92; Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 19. 16; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 22.
- 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 67. 8-25.
1c) A tīrtha sacred to the Pitṛs.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 22. 74.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Raivataka (रैवतक) is a Sanskrit word referring to a mountain near Dvārakā.(Source): Wisdom Library: Hinduism
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
Raivataka (रैवतक).—There was, notably in a monastery of Kaśmir, a Revata or rather a Raivataka, who was the hero of an avadāna told in chap. 103 of the Avadānakalpalatā: “Among the Kasmirians in the Craggy Monastery, there once was a monk with pure vows, named Raivataka, the compassionate support of all beings.”(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Jainism)
Raivataka (रैवतक) or Raivatakagiri is the mountain Girnar near Junagarh in Gujarat.(Source): archive.org: Sum Jaina Canonical Sutras (vividhatirthakalpa)
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geogprahy
Raivataka (रैवतक) is the name of a mountain mentioned in the Gupta inscription No. 17. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Raivataka is the same as Ūrajayat (see Ūrjayat).
Raivataka’s modern name Girnar was a switch over to it from the city name Girinagara, i.e., ‘a city on or at the foot of a hill’. Raivataka derives its name from king Revatā, the father of Revatī, (the wife of Baladeva, Kṛṣṇa’s elder brother). Revata is supposed to have come there from Dwārakā and lived on the hill.(Source): archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Raivataka (रैवतक).—Name of a mountain near Dvārakā; (for a description of this mountain, see Śi.4).
-kam A species of date.
Derivable forms: raivatakaḥ (रैवतकः).(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 21 books and stories containing Raivataka. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Appendix 5.1: additional notes < [Appendices]
Part 12: Dravya and bhāva worship < [Chapter X - The recovery of draupadī]
Part 11: The founding of Dvārakā < [Chapter V - Birth of Rāma, Kṛṣṇa, and Ariṣṭanemi]
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
The Mahabharata - First Book (by Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa)
Section CCXX < [Arjuna-vanavasa Parva]
Section CCXXII < [Subhadra-harana Parva]
Section CCXXI < [Subhadra-harana Parva]
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
The Sarva-Darsana-Samgraha (by E. B. Cowell)
The Bhagavata Purana (by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada)
Chapter 67 - Lord Balarama Slays Dvivida Gorilla < [Canto X - The Summum Bonum]
Chapter 19 - A Description of the Island of Jambudvipa < [Canto V - The Creative Impetus]