Pancakshara, Pañcākṣara, Pancan-akshara, Pamcakshara: 10 definitions


Pancakshara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Pañcākṣara can be transliterated into English as Pancaksara or Pancakshara, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Panchakshara.

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In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Pancakshara in Shaivism glossary
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study (shaivism)

Pañcākṣara (पञ्चाक्षर) or Pañcākṣaramantra refers to the mantra known as “oṃ namaḥ śivāya” and is used in the worship of Śiva.—If a person offers a leaf or flower with the five-syllabled mantra once even to Lord Śiva gets eternal merits. It is stated that seven crores of mahāmantras came out of the mouth of Śiva but none is equal to pañcākṣara-mantra. If a person Utters the pañcākṣara-mantra becomes a follower of Śiva and gets release from the bondage of Saṃsāra.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Pancakshara in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Pañcākṣara (पञ्चाक्षर) (Cf. Śarākṣara) refers to “(the) five-syllabled (mantra of Śiva)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.21 (“Nārada instructs Pārvatī”).—Accordingly, after Pārvatī said to Nārada: “On hearing these words of Pārvatī, O excellent sage, you taught her the five-syllabled mantra of Śiva [i.e., pañcākṣarapaṃcākṣaraṃ śambhumantraṃ] in accordance with the sacred law. O sage, generating her faith you told her the supreme efficacy of the great formula thus”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Pancakshara in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Pañcākṣara (पञ्चाक्षर) refers to the “five-syllable (Vidyā)”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “(Now) I will tell (you) about the arising (of the tradition) that gives bliss and accomplishment in the Kṛta Age [...] (There) the (goddess) Kulālikā has five faces. [...] Endowed with the eighteen practices, she wears yellow clothes and is auspicious. Residing in the Five-syllable (pañcākṣara) (Vidyā), she is the Girl Kulakaulinī. They have four Lions (as their seats), namely, the four U (Uḍḍīśanātha), Ṣa (Ṣaṣṭhanātha), Ca (Caryānātha) and Mi (Mitranātha)”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Pañcākṣara (पञ्चाक्षर) refers to “five syllables”, according to the Guru Mandala Worship (maṇḍalārcana) ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “Vairocana Buddha in the middle, Akṣyobhya abiding eastward, Amitābha in the west, and Ratnasaṃbhava in the south, Also Amoghasiddhi in the north, the permanent five Tathāgata, White, dark blue (and) yellow, one of the reds, (and) dark green, Going, sitting on a lion, elephant, horse, peacock, (and) an eagle, Five syllables (pañcākṣara) arising together, Pañca Buddha, I give homage”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pancakshara in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pañcākṣara (पञ्चाक्षर).—[adjective] five-syllabled.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Pañcākṣara (पञ्चाक्षर) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—poet. [Sūktikarṇāmṛta by Śrīdharadāsa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pañcakṣāra (पञ्चक्षार):—[=pañca-kṣāra] [from pañca] n. = -lavaṇa q.v.

2) Pañcākṣara (पञ्चाक्षर):—[from pañca] mfn. consisting of 5 syllables, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Aitareya-brāhmaṇa] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a poet

[Sanskrit to German]

Pancakshara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pancakshara in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Paṃcākṣara (ಪಂಚಾಕ್ಷರ):—[noun] = ಪಂಚಾಕ್ಷರಿ [pamcakshari].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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