Nihata, Nīhaṭa: 10 definitions


Nihata means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Nihata (निहत).—Struck down in tone, grave, possessed of a grave accent; cf. V. Pr. IV. 138.

Vyakarana book cover
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Nihata (निहत) refers to “killed” (“destroyed”), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.24 (“Śiva consents to marry Pārvatī”).—Accordingly, as Viṣṇu said to Śiva: “O Śiva, all the gods have come here to submit to you their misery perpetrated mysteriously by Tāraka. O Śiva, the demon Tāraka will be killed [i.e., nihata] only by your self-begotten son and not otherwise. Ponder over what I have said and take pity on me. Obeisance, O great lord, to you. O lord, redeem the gods from the misery brought about by Tāraka. Hence, O lord Śiva, Pārvatī shall be accepted by you and grasped with your right hand. Accept her hand as offered in marriage by the lord of mountains. She is full of noble attributes”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Nihata (निहत) refers to “conquering”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “[...] Then again, the Bodhisattva, the great being Gaganagañja uttered these verses to that Bodhisattva, the great being Guṇarājaprabhāsa: ‘(25) [...] The one who never falls back from firm vigour, bravely conquers (nihata) conceit, the māra, and enemies, and purifies the impurities of vices (kleśa) of oneself and others, I ask the beautiful one (sudarśana) for the sake of them. [...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

nihata : (pp. of nihanati) slew; put down; humiliated; destroyed. || nīhaṭa (pp. of nīharati), taken out; driven away.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Nihata, (adj.) (pp. of nihanti, ni+han) “slain”; put down, settled; destroyed; dejected, humiliated; humble Vin. II, 307 (settled); J. V, 435 (°bhoga one whose fortunes are destroyed).

— or —

Nīhaṭa, (pp. of nīharati=Sk. nirhṛta) thrown out, removed; in f. abstr. °tā ejection, removal (cp. Sk. nirhṛti) DhA. III, 336 (malānaṃ n. the extirpation of impurity or removal of stain). (Page 376)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nihata (निहत).—p. p.

1) Struck down, smitten, killed, slain.

2) Struck into, infixed.

3) Attached or devoted.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nihata (निहत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) Killed, slain. E. ni affir. hata killing.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nihata (निहत):—[=ni-hata] [from ni-han] mfn. (ni-) hurled, thrown, [Ṛg-veda]

2) [v.s. ...] hit, touched ([literally] and [figuratively]), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature]

3) [v.s. ...] struck down, smitten, slain, killed, destroyed, lost, gone, [ib.] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] having the unaccented tone or Anudātta (-tva n.), [Taittirīya-prātiśākhya]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nihata (निहत):—[ni-hata] (taḥ-tā-taṃ) a. Killed.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Nihata (निहत) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Ṇihaṇia, Ṇihaya.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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