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Nataraja, aka: Naṭarāja; 3 Definition(s)


Nataraja means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. Check out some of the following descriptions and leave a comment if you want to add your own contribution to this article.

In Hinduism

Vāstuśāstra (architecture)

Naṭarāja (नटराज).—Naṭarāja is the dancing form of Śiva, also called by the name Tāṇḍava. There are different forms of dancing Śiva identified by different names. The most popular is the Naṭarāja. Other forms are Sandhyatāṇḍava, Ūrdhvatāṇḍava, Gajāntakatāṇḍava, etc. The sculptures of this deity as wall reliefs and also in the round on the shafts of pillars are noticed. Naṭarāja is a very important form of Śiva worshiped throughout Tamilnadu.

Source: Shodhganga: Temples of Salem region Up to 1336 AD

about this context:

Vāstuśāstra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vastu-shastra) refers to the knowledge of architecture. It is a branch of ancient Indian science dealing with topics such architecture, construction, sculpture and their relation with the cosmic universe.

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Naṭarāja (नटराज) refers to “great dancer-actor”. The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

about this context:

Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).

Śilpaśāstra (iconography)

The well-known bronze sculpture of Naṭarāja (the King of Dancer) is considered to be one of the most beautiful pieces of art produced by Indian craftsmen. Every Śiva temple has a shrine dedicated to Śiva in his form of Naṭarāja performing the Ānanda tāṇḍava — the “Dance of Bliss”. In this icon we are instructed in the five functions of the Supreme Being: creation, sustenance, transformation, revealing and concealing.

The Dance takes place within a ring of flames which symbolises the cycle of births and deaths, the cycle of universal creation and destruction — projection and withdrawal. The god dances upon the back of the “Dwarf of Ignorance” known as Mulayaka. It is ignorance of our true nature that binds us to cycle of continual becoming and it is wisdom/ enlightenment that release us.

Source: Red Zambala: Hindu Icons and Symbols | Trinity

about this context:

Śilpaśāstra (शिल्पशास्त्र, shilpa-shastra) represents the ancient Indian science of creative arts such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vāstuśāstra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

Relevant definitions

Search found 12 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Naṭarājāsana (नटराजासन, “Naṭarāja posture”) is a Sanskrit word referring to a ty...
Nāmarūpa (नामरूप):—The universe of our empirical experience is composed of Ideation (n...
Ḍamaru (Hour-glass Drum) - Union of the masculine and feminine and the projection of the uni...
1a) Jvālā (ज्वाला).—(Aṅgāraka) a class of piśācas.** Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 377.1b) Aft...
Vyāghrapāda (व्याघ्रपाद).—Vyāghrapāda is another sage associated with Naṭarāja. This sage is de...
Ūrdhvatāṇḍavamūrti (ऊर्ध्वताण्डवमूर्ति).—Śiva as master of dance is known as Naṭarāja....
Tirucciṟṟampalam kōyil
Tamil Literary work by Cōmale. Contributed articles on the importance of the Nataraja Temple...
Shiva Puja
Shiva Puja is the worship of Lord Siva through traditional and ancient rites with the use of...
Mulayaka (मुलयक, “the dwarf of ignorance”):—The name of the dwarf upon who...
Vīramūrti (वीरमूर्ति);—These icons depict the Deity in a heroic posture such as Rāma d...
Nrityamurti—this is the position of a god engaged in a dance. The dancer stands on one...
Gaja Hasta
Gaja—The arm is stretched diagonally across the chest with the fingers poitning down. ...

Relevant text

Search found 115 books containing Nataraja or Naṭarāja. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the 20 most relevant articles:

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