Thillai, aka: Tiillai; 1 Definition(s)

Introduction

Thillai means something in the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

India history and geogprahy

Thillai Nataraja Temple in Cidambaram (Chidambaram) refers to one of the Pañcasabhā or “five halls where Śiva is said to have danced”.—The place where Naṭarāja performed his cosmic dance is Tillai. This temple is north of the Coleroon, the branch of the Kaveri, in the Cuddalore District and south of the river Manimukta. This place has several names, namely Kōyil, Tillaivana, Perumpatra-puliyūr, Cidambaram, Puliyūr, Vyāghapuri, Bhūlōka Kailas, and Pundarīkapura.

The Tillai Temple was built in the ninth century by the early Chola kings, and, along with the city, was restored and expanded by the middle and the later Chola kings until the mid–thirteenth century. Later the ruling Pandya, Tuluva, and Nayaka dynasties continued to modify the structure until the 17th century when the temple complex received its present form. This temple is of great interest because of the dancing images on the wall panels and the garbhagṛha.

The Tillai Naṭarāja Temple at Cidambaram represents the element of Sky. The sthala is famous for the ānanda-tāṇḍava of Naṭarāja in the kanaka-sabhā. And Patañjali, Vyāghrapāda, Vin āyaka, Subrahmaṇya, Viṣṇu, Lakṣmī, Brahmā, Devas around the kanaka-sabhā witnessed the dance. It is believed that the lord is eternally present in the Tillai Temple, liberating all souls who seek his mercy.

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (history)
India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Relevant definitions

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Patanjali
Patañjali is the name of a deity depicted in the Thillai Nataraja Temple in Cidambaram (Chidamb...
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Vyāghrapāda is the name of a deity depicted in the Thillai Nataraja Temple in Cidambaram (Chida...
Chidambaram
Chidambaram (छिदम्बरम्) is the name of a village hosting one of the oldest Hindu temple.—Some o...
Bhikshatana
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