Nasika, Nāsikā, Nāsika, Nashika, Naśīka: 29 definitions

Introduction:

Nasika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Naśīka can be transliterated into English as Nasika or Nashika, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Naśīka (नशीक).—The grandson of Lomapāda. (Bhāgavata, Skandha 9).

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Nāsikā (नासिका) refers to the “nose” (of Śiva), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.49 (“The delusion of Brahmā”).—Accordingly, as the Gods eulogised Śiva: “[...] The seven oceans are your clothes. The quarters are your long arms. The firmament is your head, O all-pervasive. The sky is your navel. The wind is your nose (nāsikā). O lord, the fire, the sun and the moon are your eyes. The clouds are your hair. The planets and the stars are your ornaments. O lord of gods, how shall I eulogise you? O supreme lord, you are beyond description. O Śiva, you are incomprehensible to the mind. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Nāsika (नासिक).—(c)—a western kingdom.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 61.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Nāsikā (नासिका):—Nose

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama

Nāsikā (नासिका) [or nāsī] refers to “- 1. niche or false skylight §§ 3.10, 15, 26, 28, 44; 5.12 (see alpa o , kudra o , bhadra o , mahā o ). - 2. tympanum of an arch (Aj) §§ 3.45; 4.31.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Croaking Frogs: (Yoga)

Nāsikā (नासिका) refers to the “nose” representing one of the sixteen vital centres of the body (i.e., ādhāra), according to the Jyotsnā 3.73 (Cf. Gorakṣaśataka 14 and Svātmārāma’s Haṭhapradīpikā 3.72).—In Haṭhayoga, ādhāra refers to a vital point of the body, a seat of vital function. Jyotsnā verse 3.73 cites a passage attributed to Gorakṣa listing the ādhāras as [e.g., nāsikā (nose), ...]. The Haṭhapradīpikā refers to sixteen ādhāras but does not name them or explain what they are. The Gorakṣaśataka also refers to sixteen ādhāras as something the Yogī should be familiar with, but does not name them.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Nāsika (नासिक) [=Cipiṭanāsika ?] refers to a country belonging to “Uttaratas or Uttaradeśa (northern division)” classified under the constellations of Śatabhiṣaj, Pūrvabhādrapada and Uttarabhādrapada, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 14), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The countries of the Earth beginning from the centre of Bhāratavarṣa and going round the east, south-east, south, etc., are divided into 9 divisions corresponding to the 27 lunar asterisms at the rate of 3 for each division and beginning from Kṛttikā. The constellations of Śatabhiṣaj, Pūrvabhādrapada and Uttarabhādrapada represent the northern division consisting of [i.e., Cipiṭa, Nāsika] [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Gitashastra (science of music)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (gita)

Nāsikā (नासिका, “nose”) refers to one of the ten kinds of sthāna (the organs of utterance), according to Bhattojidīkṣita in his Siddhāntakaumudī and the Saṃgītaratnākara.—During the practise of Vocal Music, the proper production of the concerned sound is always considered as very important. Sthāna or ucchāraṇasthāna is the place of articulation of sound. Bhattojidīkṣita in his Siddhāntakaumudī said about ten kinds of sthāna (i.e., the organs of utterance), e.g., nāsikā (i.e., nose).

context information

Gitashastra (गीतशास्त्र, gītaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of Music (gita or samgita), which is traditionally divided in Vocal music, Instrumental music and Dance (under the jurisdiction of music). The different elements and technical terms are explained in a wide range of (often Sanskrit) literature.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (natya)

Nāsikā (नासिका) refers to “movements of the nose” (in Sanskrit Dramas), as conveyed through Āṅgikābhinaya: one of the four divisions of Abhinaya or “ways to convey or represent one’s emotion to others”, according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—In Sanskrit the term nāsikā is used to denote nose. Nāsikā is a feminine term and that is why in the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa as well as in the Nāṭyaśāstra, the varieties of nose movements have been mentioned in feminine gender.

Six kinds of nose movements are accepted in the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa and the Nāṭyaśāstra.—

  1. natā,
  2. mandā,
  3. vikṛṣṭā,
  4. socchvāsā,
  5. vikūṇitā and
  6. svābhāvikī.
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (shilpa)

Nāsikā (नासिका) or “nose” refers to one of the various body parts whose Measurements should follow the principles of ancient Indian Painting (citra), according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—In the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, a specific measurement of every limb of a man as well as of a woman is elaborately and systematically discussed. In this book, the writer has presented the measurement of almost all the body parts that should be maintained in a picture. For example, Nāsikā (“nose”) should be 4 aṅgulas.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: archive.org: Catalogue of Pancaratra Agama Texts

Nāsikā (नासिका) refers to the “gable” (of a temple) which symbolizes the “nose” (of the human body) in the analogy of “the human body as a temple”, as discussed in chapter 30 (Kriyāpāda) of the Padmasaṃhitā: the most widely followed of Saṃhitā covering the entire range of concerns of Pāñcarātra doctrine and practice (i.e., the four-fold formulation of subject matter—jñāna, yoga, kriyā and caryā) consisting of roughly 9000 verses.—Description of the chapter [lakṣmyādipāṇigrahaṇa-vimānādipratiṣṭhā]: [...] Just as the temple compound is the structural analogy to the human body, so the Yajamāna should meditate on these parts of his own body during the various pratiṣṭhā ceremonies. The Jīva pervades the whole structure, and throughout, the following structural elements have their corresponding anatomical analogy in the main human body; [e.g., the nāsikā-gable, the nose] [...] (48-53).

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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India history and geography

Source: archive.org: Geography in Ancient Indian inscriptions

Nāsika (नासिक), one of the holiest places of the Hindus, finds mention in two Pāṇḍu Leṇa inscriptions, one Kanheri inscription, one Bharhut inscription and in one Bedsa cave inscription. These inscriptions record the gifts of some person or the other hailing from Nāsika, which is known to this day by the same name, i.e., Nasik and is the headquarters of a district having same designation. These records are suggestive of the economic prosperity ofthe people of Nasik, their organised economic life and devotion to religion. The famous Nasik cave inscription of the region of Vāsiṣṭhīputra Śrī puḷumāvi records the gift of a cave for the Bhadāvanīyas by the great queen Gautamī Balaśrī, mother of Śrī Sātakarṇī.

Nāsikya or Nāsika finds its earliest literary references in Kātyāyana’s Vārtika and in Patañjali’s Mahābhāṣya.

Among the earliest archaeological remains is the caitya cavedating from Ihe Christian era. Archaeological remains here areassociated with the twenty-three Pāṇḍu leṇas, the rock-cut caves, about three hundred feet above the road-level. Recent excavations carry the history of the city of Nasik to the proto-historic times, i.e., the period which ended in about the thirteenth century B.C. The city still retains its importance as a religious centre and a place of pilgrimmage, especially at the Kumbha fair—once intwelve years. Tapabanaka, Tapovana and Pañcavaṭī are the sites of importance with a religious background, and these have added to the sanctity of the place.

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism

Nāsika (नासिक) is the name of a locality situated in Aparāntaka (western district) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—Nāsika is modern Nasik which is about 75 miles to the north west of Bombay. During the reign of the Sātavāhana kings of Andhra, Nāsika was a stronghold of the Bhadrayaniya School of Buddhists.

Nāsika is mentioned in the Barhut inscriptions. It is Nāsika or Naisika of the Purāṇas and Janasthāna of the Rāmāyaṇa. According to the Brahmāṇḍa Purāṇa, it was situated on the Narmada. Janasthāna, as it appears from the Ramayanic description, was within the reach of Panchvatī on the Godāvarī. Janasthāna came to be known as Nāsika from the circumstance that here Surpanakhā’s nose was out off by Lakshmaṇa.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

nāsikā : (f.) the nose.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Nāsika, (adj.) (cp. Sk. nāsikya) belonging to the nose, nasal, in °sota the nostril or nose (orig. “sense of smell”) D. I, 106; Sn. p. 108. (Page 351)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nāśika (नाशिक).—n The city Nashik. It is a place of pilgrimage. nā0 trimbakāsa gēlēṃ, nā0 paragaṇā ōsāḍa Used jocosely of a camous or squat nose, or of the case of a nose cut off or eaten off. nāśikacī kalhaī or-jilaī āṇa paiṭhaṇacā ādara Varnish or empty polish; hollow courteousness; blarney.

--- OR ---

nāsikā (नासिका).—f (S) pop. nāsika f The nose.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

nāśika (नाशिक).—n The city Nâshik. It is a place of pilgrimage. ?B trimbakāsa gēlē, nā paragaṇā ōsāḍa Used jocosely of a squat nose cut off or eaten off. nāśikacī kalhaī or jilaī āṇa paiṭhaṇacā ādara Varnish or empty polish; hollow courteousness.

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nāsikā (नासिका).—f nāsika f The nose.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nāsika (नासिक).—Name of a sacred place in the Bombay state.

Derivable forms: nāsikaḥ (नासिकः), nāsikam (नासिकम्).

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Nāsikā (नासिका).—[nās-ṇvul]

1) The nose; see नासा (nāsā).

2) Any nose-shaped object.

3) The trunk of an elephant.

4) The upper timber of a door.

5) A projection.

6) An epithet of the nymph Aśvinī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nāsikā (नासिका).—f.

(-kā) 1. The nose. 2. The upper timber, or nose as it were, of a door. 3. A name of the nymph Ashwini. E. nāsā as above, affix kan fem. form. or nāsa śabde ṇvul . The same as nāsā .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nāsikā (नासिका).—i. e. nāsā + ka, f. 1. A nostril, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 5, 23, 6. 2. du. The nose, 2, 10, 20. 3. sing. The nose, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 90. 4. The trunk of an elephant, Mbh, 13, 4900.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nāsikā (नासिका).—[feminine] nostril; nose (mostly [dual]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nāsika (नासिक):—[from nās] m. or n. Name of a place (cf. below and nāsikya)

2) [v.s. ...] in some [compound] = sikā.

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a sacred town in Western India on the Godāvarī (called Nāsik, because Lakṣmaṇa here cut off the nose of Rāvaṇa’s sister, the female Rākṣasa Śūrpa-ṇakhā, q.v.), [Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 353].

4) Nāsikā (नासिका):—[from nās] f. a nostril

5) [v.s. ...] (older [dual number]) the nose, [Ṛg-veda] etc., etc. (ifc. f(ā or ī). , [Pāṇini 4-1, 55])

6) [v.s. ...] the proboscis of an elephant, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] = nāsā-dāru, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] Name of Aśvinī (mother of the two Aśvins), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nāsikā (नासिका):—(kā) 1. f. The nose; the lintel of a door; Ashwinī.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Nāsikā (नासिका) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ṇāsigā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Nasika in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Nāsikā (नासिका):—(nf) the nose; —[vivara] nasal cavity.

context information

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Nasika (ನಸಿಕ):—[noun] an abnormally lean or emaciated man or boy.

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Nāsika (ನಾಸಿಕ):—

1) [noun] the part of the human face between the mouth and eyes, having two openings for breathing and which also helps modulate the voice; the nose.

2) [noun] the corresponding part in animals.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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