Murta, Mūrta: 16 definitions
Murta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Murt.
Dharmashastra (religious law)Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Mūrta (मूर्त) refers to the “corporeal substance”, as in, perception through human eyes. It is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti and the Baudhāyana-dharmasūtra.
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
Vaisheshika (school of philosophy)Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories (vaisesika)
Mūrta (मूर्त) or Mūrtaguṇa refers to a classification of the twenty-four guṇas (qualities) according to the Vaiśeṣikadarśanam with Praśastapādabhāṣya and the Bhāṣāpariccheda.—Guṇas are also divided into mūrtaguṇa, amūrtaguṇa and mūrtāmūrtaguṇa. These divisions are found in the Praśastapādabhāṣya and also in the Bhāṣāpariccheda. The quality which remains in a mūrtadravya is called mūrtaguṇa. A mūrtadravya is that which possesses limited measure. Colour, taste, odour, touch, remoteness, nearness, gravity, fluidity, viscidity and velocity are mūrtaguṇas as these are the qualities of limited things.
Vaisheshika (वैशेषिक, vaiśeṣika) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. Vaisheshika deals with subjects such as logic, epistemology, philosophy and expounds concepts similar to Buddhism in nature
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram
Mūrta (मूर्त) refers to “that which has form”, according to the Kularatnoddyota, one of the earliest Kubjikā Tantras.—Accordingly, “[...] The supreme form is flawless, pervasive and facing everywhere. It can be perceived as the bliss of contemplation, the mark of which is supreme bliss. Free of the qualities of form and the rest and devoid of limiting adjuncts and meditation—this, O fair one, is the non-dual vision of you directly apparent. This is the supreme meditation with form (mūrta) whose characteristic is that it is without form [i.e., amūrta-lakṣaṇa]. You are in this way supreme, subtle, pervasive, and facing in all directions. The second (form) is called the Coiled One who resides equally in the (Wheel of the) Foundation and (the other Wheels) above”.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (philosophy)
Mūrta (मूर्त) refers to the “(solid) nature (of atoms)”, according to the Īśvarapratyabhijñāvivṛtivimarśinī 2.140.—Accordingly, “[The opponent:] ‘And why is [this spatial extendedness of the pot] not possible if [we admit that] the numerous atoms get to have different places because, since they are of a material, [i.e. solid] nature (mūrta), [they] cannot extend to the place of the others’ forms?’ Anticipating this [objection, Utpaladeva] says ‘To explain …’ Here is the implicit meaning [of this passage]: if the pot is [nothing but] atoms with intervals [separating them from each other], then [the pot] must be imperceptible. [...]
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections
Mūrta (मूर्त) refers to the “matter” or “material” (as opposed to Amūrta—‘non-matter/formless’), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “[com.—Next he speaks about the connection of matter and non-matter (mūrtāmūrtasaṃbandham)]—In this world, the body which is material (mūrta), absolutely immobile [and] without that which is conscious, becomes confused, through ignorance, with that which is conscious, formless and mobile. This corporeal body is produced from a mass of atoms. An embodied soul has the nature of enjoyment, is beyond the senses [and] consists of knowing”.
Synonyms: Vastu, Padārtha, Pudgala, Pumartha.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Biology (plants and animals)Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)
Murta in South America is the name of a plant defined with Eugenia uniflora in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Stenocalyx costatus O. Berg (among others).
Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):
· Arkiv för Botanik (1956)
· Lilloa (1967)
· Revista Sudamer. Bot. (1943)
· Anales Mus. Nac. Montevideo (1902)
· Loefgrenia (1989)
· Amoen. Acad., Schreb. ed. 8 (1785)
If you are looking for specific details regarding Murta, for example extract dosage, side effects, chemical composition, health benefits, diet and recipes, pregnancy safety, have a look at these references.
This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
mūrta (मूर्त).—p mūrtimanta-mān d Endowed with form, incarnate. Solid, substantial.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Mūrta (मूर्त).—a. [mūrcch-kta]
1) Fainted, insensible.
2) Stupid, foolish.
3) Embodied, incarnate; मूर्तो विध्नस्तपस इव नो भिन्नसारङ्गयूथः (mūrto vidhnastapasa iva no bhinnasāraṅgayūthaḥ) Ś.1.32; प्रसाद इव मूर्तस्ते स्पर्शः स्नेहार्द्रशीतलः (prasāda iva mūrtaste sparśaḥ snehārdraśītalaḥ) Uttararāmacarita 3.14; R.2.69;7.7; Kumārasambhava 7.42; Pañcatantra (Bombay) 2.99.
4) Material, corporeal.
5) Solid, hard.
7) Thickened, coagulated (Ved.).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Mūrta (मूर्त).— (akin to mūrti), adj., f. tā. 1. Solid, material, corporeal, Bhāṣāp. 86; 157; [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 60, 7. 2. Embodied, incarnate, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 32; [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 3, 62.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Mūrta (मूर्त).—[adjective] thickened, coagulated, solid, substantial, corporeal; stupefied, insensible.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum
Mūrta (मूर्त) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—poet. Śp. p. 74.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Mūrta (मूर्त):—[from mūrch] a mfn. coagulated, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā]
2) [v.s. ...] settled into any fixed shape, formed, substantial, material, embodied, incarnate, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc. etc.
3) [v.s. ...] real (said of the division of time in practical use, as opp. to a-mūrta), [Sūryasiddhānta] ([Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 177])
4) [v.s. ...] stupefied, unconscious, insensible, [Raghuvaṃśa]
5) b mūrti See p. 824, col. 1.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Mūrta (मूर्त) [Also spelled murt]:—(a) concrete; corporeal, tangible; solid; formal; -[amūrta] concrete and abstract; ~[tā] concreteness, tangibility; -[vidhāna] objective correlative.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [noun] any short space of time; a moment; an instant.
2) [noun] any auspicious point of time (prescribed for commencing, performing, etc. by an astrologer).
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1) [adjective] having a definite shape.
2) [adjective] perceptible by the senses; not abstract; real; concrete.
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1) [noun] a physical form; shape.
2) [noun] a being manifested in a physical form.
3) [noun] the fact of being seated; a sitting.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Murtadravyani, Murtagol, Murtagolisu, Murtaguna, Murtamatra, Murtamgey, Murtamurta, Murtamurtaguna, Murtasadakhya, Murtasambandha, Murtasharira, Murtate, Murtatva, Murtatvajatinirakarana, Murtaya.
Full-text (+12): Amurta, Murtatva, Murtamatra, Murtatvajatinirakarana, Murch, Amurtarajasa, Amurtarajas, Vimurta, Amurtarayasa, Svayammurta, Amurtimat, Murkha, Murt, Chaka, Rupaka, Amurti, Sina, Murtasadakhya, Padartha, Vastu.
Search found 34 books and stories containing Murta, Mūrta; (plurals include: Murtas, Mūrtas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Taittiriya Upanishad Bhashya Vartika (by R. Balasubramanian)
Verse 2.403 < [Book 2 - Brahmavallī]
Verse 1.124 < [Book 1 - Śīkṣāvallī]
Verse 2.450 < [Book 2 - Brahmavallī]
Mandukya Upanishad (by Kenneth Jaques)
Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 4.8.54 < [Part 8 - Compatible & Incompatible Mellows (maitrī-vaira-sthiti)]
Verse 2.4.181 < [Part 4 - Transient Ecstatic Disturbances (vyābhicāri-bhāva)]
Tattvartha Sutra (with commentary) (by Vijay K. Jain)
Verse 5.14 - Occupation of the forms of matter (pudgala) < [Chapter 5 - The Non-living Substances]
Verse 5.10 - The space-points of material substance < [Chapter 5 - The Non-living Substances]
Verse 5.16 - The contraction and expansion of the soul < [Chapter 5 - The Non-living Substances]
A study of the philosophy of Jainism (by Deepa Baruah)
Chapter III.e - The concept of matter or Pudgala < [Chapter III - Categories]
Chapter IV.f - Size of the Self or Jīva < [Chapter IV - The concept of Self]
Chapter V.c - Prabhācandra’s refutation of Bauddha and Sāṃkhya view of Karman < [Chapter V - Bondage and Liberation]