Murta, Mūrta: 16 definitions

Introduction:

Murta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Murt.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Mūrta (मूर्त) refers to the “corporeal substance”, as in, perception through human eyes. It is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti and the Baudhāyana-dharmasūtra.

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Vaisheshika (school of philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories (vaisesika)

Mūrta (मूर्त) or Mūrtaguṇa refers to a classification of the twenty-four guṇas (qualities) according to the Vaiśeṣikadarśanam with Praśastapādabhāṣya and the Bhāṣāpariccheda.—Guṇas are also divided into mūrtaguṇa, amūrtaguṇa and mūrtāmūrtaguṇa. These divisions are found in the Praśastapādabhāṣya and also in the Bhāṣāpariccheda. The quality which remains in a mūrtadravya is called mūrtaguṇa. A mūrtadravya is that which possesses limited measure. Colour, taste, odour, touch, remoteness, nearness, gravity, fluidity, viscidity and velocity are mūrtaguṇas as these are the qualities of limited things.

Vaisheshika book cover
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Vaisheshika (वैशेषिक, vaiśeṣika) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. Vaisheshika deals with subjects such as logic, epistemology, philosophy and expounds concepts similar to Buddhism in nature

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Mūrta (मूर्त) refers to “that which has form”, according to the Kularatnoddyota, one of the earliest Kubjikā Tantras.—Accordingly, “[...]  The supreme form is flawless, pervasive and facing everywhere. It can be perceived as the bliss of contemplation, the mark of which is supreme bliss. Free of the qualities of form and the rest and devoid of limiting adjuncts and meditation—this, O fair one, is the non-dual vision of you directly apparent. This is the supreme meditation with form (mūrta) whose characteristic is that it is without form [i.e., amūrta-lakṣaṇa]. You are in this way supreme, subtle, pervasive, and facing in all directions. The second (form) is called the Coiled One who resides equally in the (Wheel of the) Foundation and (the other Wheels) above”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (philosophy)

Mūrta (मूर्त) refers to the “(solid) nature (of atoms)”, according to the Īśvarapratyabhijñāvivṛtivimarśinī 2.140.—Accordingly, “[The opponent:] ‘And why is [this spatial extendedness of the pot] not possible if [we admit that] the numerous atoms get to have different places because, since they are of a material, [i.e. solid] nature (mūrta), [they] cannot extend to the place of the others’ forms?’ Anticipating this [objection, Utpaladeva] says ‘To explain …’ Here is the implicit meaning [of this passage]: if the pot is [nothing but] atoms with intervals [separating them from each other], then [the pot] must be imperceptible. [...]

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Mūrta (मूर्त) refers to the “matter” or “material” (as opposed to Amūrta—‘non-matter/formless’), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “[com.—Next he speaks about the connection of matter and non-matter (mūrtāmūrtasaṃbandham)]—In this world, the body which is material (mūrta), absolutely immobile [and] without that which is conscious, becomes confused, through ignorance, with that which is conscious, formless and mobile. This corporeal body is produced from a mass of atoms. An embodied soul has the nature of enjoyment, is beyond the senses [and] consists of knowing”.

Synonyms: Vastu, Padārtha, Pudgala, Pumartha.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

mūrta (मूर्त).—p mūrtimanta-mān d Endowed with form, incarnate. Solid, substantial.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mūrta (मूर्त).—a. [mūrcch-kta]

1) Fainted, insensible.

2) Stupid, foolish.

3) Embodied, incarnate; मूर्तो विध्नस्तपस इव नो भिन्नसारङ्गयूथः (mūrto vidhnastapasa iva no bhinnasāraṅgayūthaḥ) Ś.1.32; प्रसाद इव मूर्तस्ते स्पर्शः स्नेहार्द्रशीतलः (prasāda iva mūrtaste sparśaḥ snehārdraśītalaḥ) Uttararāmacarita 3.14; R.2.69;7.7; Kumārasambhava 7.42; Pañcatantra (Bombay) 2.99.

4) Material, corporeal.

5) Solid, hard.

6) Real.

7) Thickened, coagulated (Ved.).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mūrta (मूर्त).— (akin to mūrti), adj., f. . 1. Solid, material, corporeal, Bhāṣāp. 86; 157; [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 60, 7. 2. Embodied, incarnate, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 32; [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 3, 62.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mūrta (मूर्त).—[adjective] thickened, coagulated, solid, substantial, corporeal; stupefied, insensible.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Mūrta (मूर्त) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—poet. Śp. p. 74.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mūrta (मूर्त):—[from mūrch] a mfn. coagulated, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā]

2) [v.s. ...] settled into any fixed shape, formed, substantial, material, embodied, incarnate, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc. etc.

3) [v.s. ...] real (said of the division of time in practical use, as opp. to a-mūrta), [Sūryasiddhānta] ([Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 177])

4) [v.s. ...] stupefied, unconscious, insensible, [Raghuvaṃśa]

5) b mūrti See p. 824, col. 1.

[Sanskrit to German]

Murta in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Mūrta (मूर्त) [Also spelled murt]:—(a) concrete; corporeal, tangible; solid; formal; -[amūrta] concrete and abstract; ~[] concreteness, tangibility; -[vidhāna] objective correlative.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Mūrta (ಮೂರ್ತ):—

1) [noun] any short space of time; a moment; an instant.

2) [noun] any auspicious point of time (prescribed for commencing, performing, etc. by an astrologer).

--- OR ---

Mūrta (ಮೂರ್ತ):—

1) [adjective] having a definite shape.

2) [adjective] perceptible by the senses; not abstract; real; concrete.

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Mūrta (ಮೂರ್ತ):—

1) [noun] a physical form; shape.

2) [noun] a being manifested in a physical form.

3) [noun] the fact of being seated; a sitting.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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