Sina, Sīna, Shina, Śīna: 15 definitions

Introduction:

Sina means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śīna can be transliterated into English as Sina or Shina, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Scene.

Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Shina in India is the name of a plant defined with Aphanamixis polystachya in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Amoora grandifolia (Blume) Walp. (among others).

2) Shina in South America is also identified with Nicotiana tabacum It has the synonym Nicotiana mexicana var. rubriflora Dunal (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Annales de la Société Botanique de Lyon (1880)
· Cytologia (1982)
· Prodromus Systematis Naturalis Regni Vegetabilis (DC.) (1852)
· Repertorium Botanices Systematicae. (Walpers) (1842)
· The Civil and Natural History of Jamaica (1756)
· Hortus Bengalensis (1814)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Shina, for example chemical composition, side effects, health benefits, diet and recipes, extract dosage, pregnancy safety, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sīna : (pp. of sīdati) sunk; subsided; yielded.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Sīna, 2 (pp. of sīyati; Sk. śīna) congealed; cold, frosty M. I, 79. (Page 712)

2) Sīna, 1 (pp. of śṛ to crush; Sk. śīrṇa) fallen off, destroyed Miln. 117 (°patta leafless); J. II, 163 (°patta, so read for sīta°). See also saṃsīna. (Page 712)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śinā (शिना).—a (Poetry. Esp. in jñānēśrvara) Separate or distinct. Ex. ātmā dēhāhūna śinā.

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śīṇa (शीण).—m (kṣīṇa or śīrṇa S) Lassitude, languor, exhaustion, the feeling or the state of weariness and wastedness. v yē, vāṭa, māna. 2 Weariedness with, disgust, sense of the irksomeness or oppression of. Ex. tumacyāca mulagyānēṃ tumhāsa śivī dilhī mhaṇūna malā śīṇa vāṭalā. śiṇēcēṃ dukhaṇēṃ Any disorder arising from fatigue.

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śīṇa (शीण).—m f Age, period of life attained. Ex. tō āṇi mī ēkā śiṇēcē āhōṃ. śīṇabhīṇa phiṭaṇēṃ g. of s. To lose one's awe or reverence for the age of (some senior). śī0 phēḍaṇēṃ g. of o. To destroy that awe. (bhīṇa may be from bhaya Fear.)

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sīṇa (सीण).—See under śī.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

śinā (शिना).—a (Poetry. Esp. in jñānēśvara) Separate or distinct.

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śīṇa (शीण).—m Languor. Disgust, sense of the irksomeness of. m f Age. śīṇabhāga n A free term for languor. v hō, yē.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śīna (शीन).—a. [śyai-kta] Thick, congealed.

-naḥ 1 A dolt, blockhead.

2) A large snake (ajagara).

-nam Ice.

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Sina (सिन).—a. [si-nak Uṇādi-sūtra 3.2]

1) White.

2) One-eyed.

-naḥ A morsel, mouthful.

-nam 1 The body.

2) Ved. Food.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śīna (शीन).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nā-naṃ) Thick, congealed, (as oil or butter.) m.

(-naḥ) 1. A fool, a blockhead. 2. A large snake. E. śyai to go, aff. kta .

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Sina (सिन).—mf. (-naḥ-nī) One-eyed. m.

(-naḥ) 1. A morsel, a mouthful, or such a quantity bound together. 2. A village. E. ṣi to bind, nak Unadi aff. or kta aff. in this particular application.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śīna (शीन).—see śyai.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śīna (शीन).—[adjective] coagulated, congealed; [neuter] ice.

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Sina (सिन).—[neuter] supply, provision, p. vant.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śina (शिन):—m. Name of a man, [Pravara texts]

2) Śīna (शीन):—a mfn. ([from] √śyai; cf. śīta and śyāna) congealed, frozen, coagulated, thick, [Caraka] (cf. [Pāṇini 6-1, 24])

3) m. a large snake, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) a fool, blockhead (= mūrkha, which is perhaps a [wrong reading] for mūrta), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) n. ice, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā]

6) [from śyai] b See p. 1078, col. 2.

7) Sina (सिन):—[from si] 1. sina mfn. (for 2. See sub voce) stuck fist (as food in the throat), [Patañjali on Pāṇini 8-2, 47], [vArttika] 4

8) [v.s. ...] m. a bond, fetter, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) 2. sina n. ([according to] to some [from] a √ = ἁ in ἅμεναι; [from] which also sinva, sinvat in a-s; for 1. sina See p. 1213, col. 1) provision, store ([according to] to [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska] = anna, ‘food’; [according to] to others ‘reward, pay’), [Ṛg-veda]

10) m. (only [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]) the body

11) a garment

12) Careya Arborea

13) mf(ī)n. white (= 3. sita), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) blind, one eyed (= kāṇa), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śīna (शीन):—[(naḥ-nā-naṃ) a.] Thick, congealed. m. A fool; large snake.

2) Sina (सिन):—[(naḥ-nī-naṃ) a.] One-eyed. m. A mouthful.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sina in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Śīna (शीन):—(a) frozen, congealed; a letter of the Arbic script; -[kāpha durūsta na honā] not to have a flawless pronuciation.

2) Sīna (सीन) [Also spelled scene]:—(nm) a scene.

3) Sīnā (सीना):—(v) to sew; to stitch; (nm) chest; ~[cāka] shattered heart; gloomy; ~[jora] exercising coercion, over-assertive, unashamedly aggressive; ~[jorī] obstinate show of strength, over-assertiveness, unashamed aggressiveness; —[pironā] stitching and needle-work; stitching etc.; ~[jorī se kāma nikalanā] to brazen out, to carry off impudently; —[tānanā] to stand upright, to stand undaunted, to brave all that comes; —[tāne sahanā] to brave it out; —[dhaḍakanā] see [dila dhaḍakanā; sīne kā ubhāra] bulge of the breasts, contours of the breasts; [sīne para patthara rakhanā] to endure patiently, to suppress agony in a quiet manner.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Siṇā (सिणा) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Snā.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śīna (ಶೀನ):—[adjective] turned into or covered with ice; congealed by cold; frozen.

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Śīna (ಶೀನ):—

1) [noun] a frozen mass (as ice).

2) [noun] a foolish fellow; a stupid man.

3) [noun] a genus of large snakes, akin to python, that kills its preys by crushing; boa-constrictor.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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