Mukhya, aka: Mukhyā; 9 Definition(s)

Introduction

Mukhya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Mukhya in Purana glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

1) Mukhya (मुख्य).—The gods of Sāvarṇi epoch.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 2. 15.

2) Mukhyā (मुख्या).—The fifth entrance on the east of the city of Puramjana. Through this Puramjana went to the kingdoms of Āpaṇa and Bahūdana with his companions Rasajña and Vipaṇa; allegorically the mouth.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 25. 49; 29. 11.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Mukhya (मुख्य) refers to one of the 53 gods to be worshipped in the northern quarter and given pāyasa (rice boiled in milk) according to the Vāstuyāga rite in Śaktism (cf. Śāradātilaka-tantra III-V). The worship of these 53 gods happens after assigning them to one of the 64 compartment while constructing a Balimaṇḍapa. Vāstu is the name of a prodigious demon, who was killed by 53 gods (eg., Mukhya).

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism
Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Mukhya (मुख्य).—Main, , principal, primary substantive as contrasted with a gualifying substantive;cf.गौणमुख्ययो-मुख्ये कार्यसंप्रत्ययः (gauṇamukhyayo-mukhye kāryasaṃpratyayaḥ) Par. Sek. Pari. 15.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Mukhya in Pali glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

mukhya : (adj.) chief; foremost; most important.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

mukhya (मुख्य).—a (S) Chief, primary, principal, leading.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

mukhya (मुख्य).—a Chief, pincipal. mukhyaśa: ad Chiefly.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mukhya (मुख्य).—a. [mukhe ādau bhavaḥ yat]

1) Relating to the mouth or the face; अथ ह य एवायं मुख्यः प्राणः (atha ha ya evāyaṃ mukhyaḥ prāṇaḥ) Ch. Up.1.2.7; Ms.5.141.

2) Chief, principal, foremost, first, preeminent, prominent; चन्दनस्य च मुख्यस्य पादपैरुपशोभितम् (candanasya ca mukhyasya pādapairupaśobhitam) Mb.12.169.8; द्विजातिमुख्यः, वारमुख्या, योधमुख्याः (dvijātimukhyaḥ, vāramukhyā, yodhamukhyāḥ) &c.

3) Foremost, recited first; मुख्येन वा नियम्येत (mukhyena vā niyamyeta) MS.1.5.6 (where explaining mukhya, śabara writes mukhyatvaṃ nāma rathantarasya prathamādhītatvam).

-khyaḥ A leader, guide.

-khyam 1 A principal rite or ordinance.

2) Reading or teaching the Vedas.

3) The month reckoned from new moon to new moon.

4) The category called अपूर्व (apūrva) (in pūrva-mīmāṃsā); मुख्यभेदे यथाधिकारं भावः स्यात् (mukhyabhede yathādhikāraṃ bhāvaḥ syāt) MS.7.1.1 (where śabara explains mukhya by apūrva).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mukhya (मुख्य).—mfn.

(-khyaḥ-khyā-khyaṃ) 1. Chief, primary, principal. 2. Relating to the face or mouth. n.

(-khyaṃ) 1. A principal or essential rite or ordinance. 2. Reading or teaching the Vedas. 3. The month when reckoned from new moon to new moon. m.

(-khyaḥ) A leader. E. mukha chief, ya aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 75 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Yodhamukhya
Yodhamukhya (योधमुख्य).—m. (-khyaḥ) A leader, a chief warrior. E. yodha and mukhya chief.
Varamukhya
Vāramukhyā (वारमुख्या).—f. (-khyā) The head of a set of harlots. E. vāra a troop, mukhyā a chie...
Phalamukhya
Phalamukhyā (फलमुख्या).—f. (-khyā) Common carroway. “ajamodā” .
Shalasthana-mukhya
Śālāsthāna-mukhya.—(EI 32), probably, officer in charge of the stables. Note: śālāsthāna-mukhya...
Sainika-sangha-mukhya
Sainika-saṅgha-mukhya.—(EI 22), official designation; pro- bably, a general. Note: sainika-saṅg...
Deshi-mukhya
Deśi-mukhya.—(EI 31), same as modern Deśmukh. Note: deśi-mukhya is defined in the “Indian epigr...
Adhikari-mukhya
Adhikāri-mukhya.—(EI 33), explained as ‘the chief minister’. Note: adhikāri-mukhya is defined i...
Mukhyartha
Mukhyārtha (मुख्यार्थ).—the primary or original (as opp. gauṇa) meaning of a word. Derivable fo...
Mukhyanripati
Mukhyanṛpati (मुख्यनृपति).—a sovereign monarch, paramount sovereign. Derivable forms: mukhyanṛp...
Mukhyopaya
Mukhyopāyā (मुख्योपाया).—the four chief stratagems (sāma, dāna, bheda and daṇḍa). Derivable for...
Mukhyakrama
Mukhyakrama (मुख्यक्रम).—the order of the principal act; मुख्यक्रमेण वाङ्गानां तदर्थत्वात् (muk...
Yuthamukhya
Yūthamukhya (यूथमुख्य).—the chief of a troop or herd (as of elephants &c.).Derivable forms: yūt...
Mukhya-pradhana
mukhya-pradhāna (मुख्य-प्रधान).—m Prime Minister.
Mukhyamantrin
Mukhyamantrin (मुख्यमन्त्रिन्).—m. the prime minister.Mukhyamantrin is a Sanskrit compound cons...
Mukhyanripa
Mukhyanṛpa (मुख्यनृप).—a sovereign monarch, paramount sovereign. Derivable forms: mukhyanṛpaḥ (...

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