Mraksha, aka: Mrakṣa; 3 Definition(s)

Introduction

Mraksha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Mrakṣa can be transliterated into English as Mraksa or Mraksha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Mrakṣa (म्रक्ष, “hypocrisy”) refers to one of ten types of manifestly active defilements (paryavasthāna) according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 13.—The Bodhisattvas (accompanying the Buddha at Rājagṛha on the Gṛdhrakūṭaparvata) excelled in destroying various these ten manifestly active defilements (eg., Mrakṣa).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

General definition (in Buddhism)

Mrakṣa (म्रक्ष, “ill-will”) refers to one of the fourty “conditions” (saṃskāra) that are “associated with mind” (citta-samprayukta) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 30). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., mrakṣa). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Mrakṣa also refers to one of the “twenty-four minor defilements” (upakleśa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 69).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mrakṣa (म्रक्ष).—Hypocricy, dissimulation.

Derivable forms: mrakṣaḥ (म्रक्षः).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Relevant definitions

Search found 5 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Samskara
Saṃskāra (संस्कार) refers to a set of “sixteen ceremonies” accompanying the individual during t...
Makkha
1) Makkha, 2 (probably=makkha1, but BSk. differentiates with mrakṣya Divy 622, trsl. Index “ill...
Marasena
Mārasenā (मारसेना) refers to “Māra’s army” consisting of the inner and outer armies according t...
Paryavasthana
Paryavasthāna (पर्यवस्थान, “entanglements”).—The Bodhisattvas (accompanying the Buddha at Rājag...
Upaklesha
Upakleśa (उपक्लेश) or Pañcadṛṣṭi refers to the “twenty-four minor defilements” as defined in th...

Relevant text