Madda, aka: Maddā; 3 Definition(s)

Introduction

Madda means something in Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

The name of a country and its people (Madda). In the Kusa Jataka (q.v.), Kusa, son of Okkaka, king of Kusavati in the Malla country, is mentioned as having married Pabhavati, daughter of the king of Madda, and the capital of the Madda king was Sagala (J.v.283ff.; Kusavati was one hundred leagues from Sagala (J.v.290), cp. Mtu.ii.441f).

In the similar story of Anitthigandha, a prince of Benares contracts a marriage with a daughter of the king of Sagala his name being Maddava; but the girl dies on the way to her husband. (SNA.i.68f.; cp. DhA.iii.281, about the other Anitthigandha of Savatthi of the Buddhas days, who also married a Madda princess).

The Chaddanta Jataka also mentions a matrimonial alliance between the royal houses of Benares and Sagala, while in the Kalingabodhi Jataka (J.iv.230f ) the Madda kings daughter marries a prince of Kalinga while both are in exile.

J.v.39f.; so also in the Mugapakkha Jataka (J.vi.1), the wife of the Kasi king was the daughter of the king of Madda, Candadevi by name; while Phusati, wife of Sanjaya of Jetuttara in the Sivi kingdom and mother of Vessantara, was also a Madda princess (J.vi.480); likewise Maddi, wife of Vessantara.

Culani, son of Talata, also married a princess of Madda (J.vi.471). According to the Mahavamsa (Mhv.viii.7; this probably refers to Madras and not to the Madda country, whose capital was Sagala), Sumitta, son of Sihabahu and king of Sihapura, married the daughter of the Madda king and had three sons by him, the youngest of whom, Panduvasudeva, became king of Ceylon.

Bhadda Kapilani wife of Pippalimanava (Maha Kassapa), was the daughter of a Kosiyagotta brahmin of Sagala in the Madda country. Men went there in search of a wife for him because it was famed for the beauty of its women (Maddarattham nama itthagaro) (ThagA.ii.142; ThigA.68). Anoja, wife of Maha Kappina of Kukkutavati, also came from the royal household of Madda (DhA.ii.116), as did Khema, wife of Bimbisara (ThigA.127).

The wife of a Cakkavatti comes either from Uttarakuru or from the royal family of Madda (MA.ii.950; DA.ii.626; KhA.173).

For the identification of Madda see Sagala.

-- or --

. The people of Madda.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geogprahy

Madda (मद्द) (or Madra in Sanskrit) is the name of an ancient kingdom situated in Uttarāpatha (Northern District) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—The Madras had a monarchical constitution and their territory may be said to correspond roughly to Sialkot and its adjacent districts which were known as late as the 18th century as the Madradeśa. That Sāgala or Sākala (modern Sialkot in the Punjab) was the capital of the Madra country is also attested to by the Mahābhārata, as also by several Jātakas (cf. the Kāḷiṅgabodhi Jātaka and the Kusa Jātaka).

In one of the Jātakas we are told that King Okkāka had a son named Kusa who married a daughter of the King of Madda. It is further stated that King Okkāka went with a great retinue from Kusāvatī, his capital, to the city of Sāgala, capital of the Madda King. From the Kāliṅgabodhi Jātaka we know that a matrimonial alliance was established between the King of Madda and the King of Kāliṅga. Another matrimonial alliance of the Madda King was made with the royal house of Benares (cf. Chaddanta Jātaka).

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism
India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Madda in Pali glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

Madda, 1. (fr. mṛd, Sk. marda) crushing etc.; kneading, paste, in piṭṭha paste of flower Vin. II, 151; J. III, 226 (piṭṭhi°).—2. (dialectical, cp. Sk. madra) N. of a country & its inhabitants, in °raṭṭha SnA 68 sq.; °rājakula KhA 73.

—viṇā a sort of girdle Vin. II, 136. (Page 518)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 24 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

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Uttarakuru
1) Uttarākuru (उत्तराकुरु) or “Northern Kuru” refers to one of the two districts of Kuru: one o...
Maddava
Maddava, (adj. nt.) (fr. mṛdu, cp. Epic Sk. mārdava) 1. mild, gentle, soft, suave Dhs. 1340; V...
Madra
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Pittha
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Sagala
Sāgala (सागल) is the name of a locality situated in Uttarāpatha (Northern District) of ancient ...
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Khema (खेम) was a companion of Bhikṣuṇī, Sumedhā during the time of name of Buddha Koṇāgamana, ...
Khali
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Senaka
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Sihapura
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Chaddanta
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