Kushmandi, Kuṣmāṇḍī, Kūṣmāṇḍi: 5 definitions
Kushmandi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Kuṣmāṇḍī and Kūṣmāṇḍi can be transliterated into English as Kusmandi or Kushmandi, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Kuṣmāṇḍī (कुष्माण्डी) is another name (synonym) for Kūṣmāṇḍa, which is a Sanskrit name for the plant Benincasa hispida (ash gourd). This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu (verse 7.160), which is an Ayurvedic medicinal thesaurus. Certain plant parts of Kūṣmāṇḍa are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), and it is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Kūṣmāṇḍi (कूष्माण्डि).—The son of Kapiśa; gave birth to two Piśacās of brown colour; they have no head, no hair; they are eaters of flesh and tila.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 257, 268.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: The Jaina Iconography
Kuṣmāṇḍī (कुष्माण्डी) (or Ambikā, Kuṣmāṇḍinī, Āmrā) is the name of the Yakṣiṇī accompanying Neminātha: the twenty-second of twenty-four Tīrthaṃkaras or Jinas, commonly depicted in Jaina iconography.—Neminātha’s emblem is known to be a conch-shell from the Jaina canonical texts. The Śāsana-devatās who attend upon him are Yakṣa Gomedha and Yakṣiṇī Ambikā (Digambara: and Kuṣmāṇḍinī). The Chowri-bearer, in his case, is King Ugrasena. His Kevala-tree is called Mahāveṇu or Vetasa.
This Yakṣiṇī of Neminātha has the Śvetāmbara description of a Goddess, who rides a lion and bears a bunch of mangoes, nose, a child and goad. The Digambara image of the Yakṣiṇī is described as also riding upon a lion, but as bearing two hands with a bunch of mangoes and a child.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geographySource: What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras
Kūṣmāṇḍī (कूष्माण्डी) is the name of a village mentioned in the Paṭṭaṇakuḍi plates of Avasara II.—“The village of Kūṣmāṇḍī, the boundaries of which are stated (as follows)—on the east, the cistern (prapā) of Maṇigrāma; on the south, by the road to the village of Vāparavaṭa; on the west, by the water-course of the village Sacāndalakapittha; on the north ; (and) by a salt river (kṣāra-nadī)”.
The village Kūṣmāṇḍī was granted by Raṭṭarāja to his learned preceptor Ātreya, who was a disciple of the Śaiva ascetic Ambhojaśambhu of the Karkaroṇī branch of the Mattamayūra clan. It was donated “on the full-moon tithi of Jyeṣṭha in the years nine hundred increased by thirty which have elapsed by the era of the Śaka king, the cyclic year being Kīlaka”.
The copper plates (mentioning Kūṣmāṇḍī) were found by a Brāhmaṇa of Khārepāṭan, a town in the Devagaḍ tālukā of the Ratnāgiri District. The inscription refers itself to the reign of the Śilāra king, Māṇḍalika Raṭṭarāja. As his predecessors were loyal feudatories of the Rāṣṭrakūṭas, it gives first the genealogy of that family from Dantidurga to Kakkala. The inscription is dated, in lines 41-42, on the full-moon tithi of Jyeṣṭha in the śaka year 930, the cyclic year being Kīlaka.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Kuṣmāṇḍī (कुष्माण्डी):—[from kuṣmāṇḍa] f. the gourd Beninkasa Cerifera, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
2) [v.s. ...] Name of the verses, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā xx, 14 ff.] (See kūṣm), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
3) [v.s. ...] Name of Durgā, [Harivaṃśa 10245] ([varia lectio] kūṣm).
4) Kūṣmāṇḍī (कूष्माण्डी):—[from kūṣmāṇḍa] f. idem (See kuṣm)
5) [v.s. ...] f. [plural] Name of the verses, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā xx, 14-16] (spoken in a certain rite for penance or expiation), [Yājñavalkya iii, 304]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Search found 3 books and stories containing Kushmandi, Kuṣmāṇḍī, Kūṣmāṇḍi, Kusmandi, Kūṣmāṇḍī; (plurals include: Kushmandis, Kuṣmāṇḍīs, Kūṣmāṇḍis, Kusmandis, Kūṣmāṇḍīs). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 7: Nemi’s śāsanadevatās (messenger-deities) < [Chapter IX - Ariṣṭanemi’s sport, initiation, omniscience]
Baudhayana Dharmasutra (by Georg Bühler)
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)