Mathana: 13 definitions

Introduction

Mathana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous (M) next»] — Mathana in Yoga glossary
Source: Google Books: The Khecarividya of Adinatha

Mathana (मथन):—Ballāla explains the purpose of practising Mathana as sarvamalaśodhanārtham, “to cleanse away all impurity”. This is clearly not the main aim of the practice since verse 1.64 says that mathana brings about saṃsiddhi and identification of body and self with the universe. In the Khecarīvidyā, it appears that after the probe is inserted into the nasal cavity it is to be moved about by the tonque, which has entered the cavity via the palate.

The word Mathana usually refers either to the rubbing of wood to produce fire, particularly in a sacrificial context, or to the churning of milk to produce butter. It is used in this second sense in the archaic myth of the churning of the ocean of milk by the devas and asuras.

The Jogpradīpakā has the most coherent description of the haṭhayogic Mathana and describes two varieties. In the first (verse 642) the yogin is to rub the śivaliṅga, which is also the agnisthāna, at the root of the palate with his thumb three times a day. In the second (verses 643–653), the yogin is to use a metal peg (kīla dhātamaya) to churn, purify and produce amī (=amṛta) at four places:

  1. ambikā (‘the frenum’),
  2. lambikā (‘the tongue’),
  3. tālu (‘the palate’)
  4. and ghaṇṭikā (‘the uvula’).

These four places are said to be the teats of Kāmadhenu.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Mathana (मथन).—An asura on the side of Tārakāsura. Mahāviṣṇu killed him. (Chapter 152, Matsya Purāṇa).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Mathana (मथन).—A commander of Tāraka's army; the special arm was the noose;1 threw darts on Viṣṇu;2 on horse back;3 Garuḍa was ordered to break his chariot; overpowered by the gadā of Mādhava, Mathana fell dead when Mahiṣa appeared on the scene.4

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 148. 43, 54.
  • 2) Ib. 150. 224.
  • 3) Ib. 151. 5.
  • 4) Ib. 152. 7-14.

1b) The divine union of Śakta and Śakti resulting in 25 truths.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 8. 29, 33.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Mathana (मथन) refers to making fire by “friciton”, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 32.—Accordingly, “thus, when one is making fire by friction (mathana), first the flame takes fire on the soft grass (mṛdu-tṛṇa) and dried cow dung (śuṣkagomaya) and, as the strength of the fire increases, it is able to consume big pieces of moist wood. It is the same for the concentration of loving-kindness (maitrī-samādhi): at the beginning, when one make the vows for loving-kindness (maitrī-praṃidhāna), one applies them only to one’s friends (mitra); but when the mind of loving-kindness has grown, enemies (amitra) and relatives (bandhu) become mixed up and one sees them all as experiencing happiness: this is because the dhyānas or samāpattis of loving-kindness have grown and are becoming complete”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (M) next»] — Mathana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

mathana : (nt.) churning; disturbance.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Mathana, (adj. nt.) (fr. math) shaking up, crushing, harassing, confusing Miln. 21 (+maddana); DhA. I, 312; PvA. 265. (Page 518)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

māthaṇa (माथण) [or णी, ṇī].—f (mathaṇēṃ) A large open-mouthed ḍērā or earthen vessel. Used in churning and to hold water.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

mathana (मथन).—n Churning. Fig. Discuss- ing. Killing.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mathana (मथन).—a. (- f.) [मथ् ल्यु ल्युट् वा (math lyu lyuṭ vā)]

1) Churning, stirring up.

2) Hurting, injuring.

3) Killing, destroying, a destroyer; मुग्धे मधुमथनमनुगतमनुसर राधिके (mugdhe madhumathanamanugatamanusara rādhike) Gīt.2.

4) Rubbing.

-naḥ Name of a tree (gaṇikārikā, used in producing fire by attrition).

-nam 1 Churning, stirring round, agitating.

2) Rubbing, friction.

3) Injury, hurting, destruction.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mathana (मथन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Churning. 2. Rubbing. 3. Injury. m.

(-naḥ) A tree, the wood of which is used to produce fire by attrition, (Premna longifolia.) E. math to churn, to stir or rub, aff. lyuṭ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mathana (मथन).—[feminine] ī (ā) afflicting, injuring, destroying; [neuter] the act of afflicting etc., whirling, churning.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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