Manovijnana, Manas-vijnana, Manovijñāna: 3 definitions


Manovijnana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous (M) next»] — Manovijnana in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Manovijñāna (मनोविज्ञान) refers to “mental consciousness” according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XXXI. Accordingly, the mental consciousness (manovijñāna) is an inner mind, and the [first] five consciousnesses (pañcavijñāna) are outer minds. The dharmas that are the object (ālambana) of the mental consciousness (manovijñāna) are inner dharmas, for it has been said by the Buddha: “The mental consciousness arises in dependence on the object”. Here, except for feeling (vedanā), the other mental dharmas are inner dharmas, whereas the other formations dissociated from the mind and the unconditioned dharmas are outer dharmas.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous (M) next»] — Manovijnana in Buddhism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Manovijñāna (मनोविज्ञान, “mind-consciousness”) or manovijñānadhātu refers to one of the “eighteen elements” (dhātu) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 25). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., manas-vijñāna). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (M) next»] — Manovijnana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Manovijñāna (मनोविज्ञान) or Mati-vijñāna.—q.v.: in Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 10.14 read sūkṣma-mativijñāna-(text °mam abhivi°)-parāvṛttikuśalā- nāṃ, with Suzuki s.v. sūkṣma, Studies, Glossary, and [Page417-a+ 71] Index; but Suzuki translates wrongly; render, able to produce revulsion in their subtle mati-(= mano-)-vijñāna.

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Manovijñāna (मनोविज्ञान).—(-dhātu), perception by the thought- organ, the sixth of the vijñāna(-dhātu), the other five being cakṣur-, śrotra-, ghrāṇa-, jihvā-, and kāya-; its object is dharma(-dhātu): Mahāvyutpatti 2058 (in this sense = Pali [Page419-a+ 71] mano-viññāna); in Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra peculiarly used (see Suzuki, Studies 177 f.), bracketed or [compound] often with citta and manas: citta-mano-manovijñāna-svabhāva-viveka-ratasya Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 9.17; cittamano-manovijñāna-vigatena tvayā 10.6, etc. etc.; ālayaṃ ca kathaṃ kasmāt, manovijñānam eva ca 24.18; Suzuki regularly keeps the word in his Transl. Once also mati-vijñāna, q.v.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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