Manikuttima, Maṇikuṭṭima, Mani-kuttima: 6 definitions


Manikuttima means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Manikuttima in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Maṇikuṭṭima (मणिकुट्टिम) refers to a “jewel-studded platform”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.22. Accordingly as Śiva said to Sitā:—“[...] O my beloved, beautiful woman, clouds will not reach the place where I have to make an abode for you. [...] On that mountain at the time when you wish to sport about, the Siddha women will gaily offer you a seat on the jewel-studded platform (maṇikuṭṭima) and gladly present you with fruits and other gifts”.

Source: Srimad Valmiki Ramayana

Maṇikuṭṭima (मणिकुट्टिम) refers to “floors of gems”, according to the Rāmāyaṇa verse 5.3.8-13. Accordingly:—“[...] Seeing the city [viz., Laṅkā] everywhere Hanuma (Hanumān) became surprised at heart. Thereafter Hanuma the monkey, became happy seeing the doors which were of golden color, with platforms of cat’s eye gems, inlaid with diamonds, crystals and pearls, embellished with floors of gems (maṇikuṭṭima), [...], equalling the city of Vasvaukasārā, as though flying towards the sky. Seeing that city of Rāvaṇa, which was best among cities, a wealthy city, a beautiful and auspicious city, that powerful Hanuma thought thus”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Manikuttima in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Maṇikuṭṭima (मणिकुट्टिम) refers to “tessellated jewel pavements”, as mentioned in verse 3.24 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] In groves cooled by southerly winds, discharging water on all sides, the sun having perished in them (as it were because of its being) invisible, showing the splendour of tessellated jewel pavements [viz., maṇikuṭṭima-kānti], resounding with cuckoos, affording excellent places for sexual activities, [...]”.

Note: Maṇikuṭṭima-kānti is interpreted by the scholiasts differently than by the translators. The scholiasts, on the one hand, resolve it into “maṇayo vajramarakatādayas tatkṛtāni kuṭṭimāni taiḥ kāntir yeṣāṃ tāni”—“those whose splendour (is produced) by tessellated pavements made of jewels (such as) diamonds, emeralds, etc.” (Indu’s paraphrase), taking it for a possessive dependent. The translators, on the other hand, represent it by nor-bu bcag ’drai mdaṅs ldan-pa—“showing a splendour like tesseral jewels”, treating it as a possessive descriptive or rather appositional possessive. In so doing they avoid the somewhat fantastic idea of a forest ground laid with gems.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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India history and geography

Source: What is India: Epigraphia Indica volume 4 (1896-97)

Maṇikuṭṭima refers to a “jewel-paved floor” (viz., of a temple), as mentioned in the “Kaḍaba plates of Prabhūtavarṣa” (9th century A.D.). Accordingly, “(This temple) which, covered with thousands of coloured banners, shone honoured, as it were, through devotion to Parameśvara, by the one crest-jewel of the word (the sun) which, out of fear of moving above (in the sky), had descended of its own accord, in the guise of its image that was reflected in the jewel-paved floor (maṇikuṭṭima); where the peacocks, their passion being roused by hearing the deep sounds of the beaten drums, commenced to perform their dances, as if the beginning of the rainy season had caused their exultation”.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Manikuttima in Pali glossary
Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Maṇikuṭṭima refers to: at VvA. 188 is probably to be read as °kuṇḍala (v. l. °kundima).

Note: maṇikuṭṭima is a Pali compound consisting of the words maṇi and kuṭṭima.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Manikuttima in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Maṇikuṭṭima (ಮಣಿಕುಟ್ಟಿಮ):—[noun] a stone embedded with precious stones.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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