Manikkavacakar, Manickavasagar, Manikka-vacakar, Manikka-vasagar, Māṇikkavāsagar, Māṇikkavācakar: 5 definitions


Manikkavacakar means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

[«previous next»] — Manikkavacakar in Vastushastra glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Temples of Salem region Up to 1336 AD

Māṇikkavācakar.—One of the four Nālvar.—Māṇikkavācakar is represented as wearing a turban, as he held the post of a minister.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Manikkavacakar in Hinduism glossary
Source: Oxford Index: Hinduism

The best-known and most revered Tamil Śaiva saint and bhakti poet.

India history and geography

[«previous next»] — Manikkavacakar in India history glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Teachers, Saints and Sages

Manikkavacakar refers to one of the Siddhars (Siddhas) and Rishis mentioned by Rangarasa Desiga Swamigal in his Siddhargal Potri Thoguppu. Each name in the list starts with prefix ‘Om’ followed by the Siddhar’s names and ends with refrain ‘Thiruvadigal Potri’. For example for Manikkavacakar: ஓம் மாணிக்கவாசகர் திருவடிகள் போற்றி [ōm māṇikkavācakar tiruvaṭikaḷ pōṟṟi].—These Siddhas experienced union with the ultimate reality and witnessed a spiritual transformation of their intellectual, mental, vital and ultimately, physical bodies.

Manikkavacakar is also known as Māṇikkavācakar, Manickavasagar, Tiruvātavūraṭikaḷ, Aruḷvācakar, Maṇimoḻiyār, Teṉṉavaṉ Piramarāyaṉ, Māṇikyavācaka.

[For more information regarding Manikkavacakar and other Maha-Siddhas, see the following sources: (1): the Pamphlet ‘Siddhargal Thiruvadi Potri’ issued by the Arulmighu Kalaikkōṭṭuar Sanmarga Sangam, Thanjavur; (2) List of Siddhas Compiled by Tavayogi Thangarasan Adigal of the Sri Agathiyar Sri Thava Murugan Gnana Peedam Thirukovil; (3) A list of 203 Sages compiled by Agathiyan production house; (4) The 12th-century Abhidhana-Chintamani lexicon by Hemachandra]

Source: Wikipedia: India History

Manikkavacakar (lit. “one whose words are like gems”), was a 9th-century Tamil saint and poet who wrote Thiruvasagam, a book of Shaiva hymns. Speculated to have been a minister to the Pandya king Varagunavarman II (c. 862 CE–885 CE)(also called Arimarthana Pandiyan), he lived in Madurai. Manikkavacakar is revered as one of the Nalvar ("group of four" in Tamil), a set of four prominent Tamil saints alongside Appar, Sundarar and Sambandar.[2] The other three contributed to the first seven volumes (Tevaram) of the twelve-volume Saivite work Tirumurai, the key devotional text of Shaiva Siddhanta. Manikkavacakar's Thiruvasagam and Thirukkovaiyar form the eighth. These eight volumes are considered to be the Tamil Vedas by the Shaivites.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Tamil dictionary

[«previous next»] — Manikkavacakar in Tamil glossary
Source: DDSA: University of Madras: Tamil Lexicon

Māṇikkavācakar (மாணிக்கவாசகர்) [māṇikka-vācakar] noun < idem. +. A famous Śaiva saint, author of Tiru-vācakam and Tiru-k-kōvaiyār, one of four camayācāriyar, probably of the ninth century; ஒன்பதாம் நூற்றாண்டினராகக் கருதப்படு பவரும் திருவாசகம் திருக்கோவையார் என்பவற்றின் ஆசிரியரும், சைவசமயாசாரியர் நால்வரு ளொருவரு மான பெரிய.ார். [onpatham nurrandinaragak karuthappadu pavarum thiruvasagam thirukkovaiyar enpavarrin asiriyarum, saivasamayasariyar nalvaru loruvaru mana periyar.]

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Tamil is an ancient language of India from the Dravidian family spoken by roughly 250 million people mainly in southern India and Sri Lanka.

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