Mangula, Maṅgula: 6 definitions

Introduction:

Mangula means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

India history and geography

Source: archive.org: Ceylon Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society 1963

Maṅgula or Makulaka is the name of an ancient Vihāra near Ariṭṭhagiri, that existed since the ancient kingdom of Anurādhapura, Ceylon (Sri Lanka).—Sūratissa, early in the 2nd century B.C. built Makulaka or Maṅgula-vihāra. In an inscription of 2nd B.C. at Riṭigala, the foundation of the village Ariṭa-mahāgāma is recorded; another inscription of 1st B.C. records the grant to Ariṭa-vihāra of Abadalaka tank. Lañjatissa (b.c 119-110) extended Ariṭṭha-vihāra. Sena I (831-851) built on Ariṭṭhagiri a large, well-equipped and richly endowed Vihāra for the Paṃsukūlika bhikkhus. In this king’s inscription at Kivulekaḍa he is styled the founder of Riṭigal-aram. The Sīgiri Graffitimention Riṭgal.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Mangula in Kenya is the name of a plant defined with Strychnos decussata in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym see Mary Gunn and Leslie E. Codd, Botanical Exploration of Southern Africa. 82–83. Cape Town 1981 (among others).

2) Mangula is also identified with Strychnos spinosa It has the synonym Strychnos miniungansamba Gilg (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Sylloge Plantarum Novarum (1824)
· South African Journal of Botany (2006)
· Encyclopédie Méthodique, Botanique (1808)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (1983)
· Thesaurus Capensis (1863)
· Prodromus Systematis Naturalis Regni Vegetabilis (1845)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Mangula, for example side effects, diet and recipes, extract dosage, chemical composition, health benefits, pregnancy safety, have a look at these references.

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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Mangula in Pali glossary
Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Maṅgula, (adj.) (cp. maṅgura) sallow; f. maṅgulī woman of sallow complexion S. II, 260=Vin. III, 107; Vin. III, 100. (Page 513)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Maṅgula (मङ्गुल).—An evil, a sin.

Derivable forms: maṅgulam (मङ्गुलम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Maṅgula (मङ्गुल).—see madgura.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Maṅgula (मङ्गुल):—n. evil, sin (= pāpa), [Kāvya literature]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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