Manahshila, Manaḥśilā, Manah-shila, Manas-shila, Mānaḥśila, Manaḥśila: 7 definitions


Manahshila means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Manaḥśilā and Mānaḥśila and Manaḥśila can be transliterated into English as Manahsila or Manahshila, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

1) Manaḥśilā (मनःशिला):—Sanskrit technical term translating to “realgar”, which is an arsenic sulfide mineral occurring in monoclinic crystals. Its common name in english is “ruby sulphur”. Śilā is commonly found throughout Rasaśāstra literature (Medicinal Alchemy) such as the Rasaprakāśasudhākara or the Rasaratna-samuccaya. It is also known as Kunaṭī.

2) Manaḥśilā (मनःशिला, “realgar”):—One of the eight uparasa (‘secondary minerals’), a group of eight minerals, according to the Rasaprakāśasudhākara: a 13th century Sanskrit book on Indian alchemy, or, Rasaśāstra. It also known by the synonym Kunaṭi or simply Śilā.

There are two varieties of Realgar (manaḥśilā):

  1. Śyāma/Śyāmikā,
  2. Rakta (Kaṇavīrā)
  3. and Khaṇḍika
Source: Indian Journal of History of Science: Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara, chapter 6

Manaḥśilā (Realger) is said to have three varieties:

  1. Śyāma (Śyāmikā),
  2. Rakta (Kaṇavīrā),
  3. Khaṇḍikā.

All the varieties are considered to possess best rasāyana property, it may destroy vāta and kapha-doṣa, possess more amount of satva, checks viṣa-prabhāva, prevents bhuta-bādhā (evil spirits effects), cures kaṇḍū (itching), kṣaya-roga, agnimāndya (sluggishness of digestive fire) and destroys koṣṭha-gata-rogas.

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous (M) next»] — Manahshila in Yoga glossary
Source: Google Books: The Khecarividya of Adinatha

Realgar (manaḥśilā) is red arsenic, an ingredient in elixirs. Picumata 46.57 includes manaḥśilā in a list of siddhis, and a Buddhist Kriyātantra (the Amoghapāśakalparāja) describes how manaḥśilā, when applied to the eyes, can make the wearer invisible and able to move in the ether. In the Kāmasūtra 7.2.46, it is said that if one coats one’s hand with the faeces of a peacock that has eaten haritāla and/or manaḥśilā and touches something, it becomes invisible.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (M) next»] — Manahshila in Kavya glossary
Source: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Manaḥśilā (मनःशिला) refers to “red arsenic”, and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 15.28, 33.—The poet refers to an ornamental dot of red arsenic on the forehead of the bride. Similar uses of manaḥśilā are referred to in Vidagdhamādhava 7.33; in Kādambarī (Pūrvabhāga); in Padmaprābhṛtaka.

Manaḥśilā was used also for medicinal purposes. Rājanighaṇṭu gives rogaśilā as one of its names.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous (M) next»] — Manahshila in Jainism glossary
Source: Economic Life In Ancient India (as depicted in Jain canonical literature)

Manaḥśilā (मनःशिला) refers to “arsenic” or “realgar”: a mineral that was typically mined, extracted and used (both domestic and industrial) in ancient India. Mining was an important industry at that time as well. The Jaina canonical texts mention about the extraction of various kinds of minerals, metals and precious stones. The term ‘āgara’ occurring intire texts denotes the mines which provided many kinds of mineral products (eg., manaḥśilā). The references in the texts of various professions and trade in metallic commodities clearly show a highly developed industry of mining and metallurgy in that period.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (M) next»] — Manahshila in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mānaḥśila (मानःशिल).—a. Consisting of red arsenic (manaḥśilā).

--- OR ---

Manaḥśila (मनःशिल) or Manaḥśilā (मनःशिला).—red arsenic; मनःशिला- विच्छुरिता निषेदुः (manaḥśilā- vicchuritā niṣeduḥ) Ku.1.55; R.12.8; टङ्कैर्मनःशिलगुहैरवदीर्य- माणा (ṭaṅkairmanaḥśilaguhairavadīrya- māṇā) Mk.; गन्धाश्मानं मनःशिलाम् (gandhāśmānaṃ manaḥśilām) Śiva B.3.19; मनःशिला- पङ्कलिखितेन च विद्योतितललाटपट्टाम् (manaḥśilā- paṅkalikhitena ca vidyotitalalāṭapaṭṭām) K.

Derivable forms: manaḥśilaḥ (मनःशिलः).

Manaḥśila is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms manas and śila (शिल).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Manaḥśila (मनःशिल).—mf.

(-laḥ-lā) Red arsenic. E. mans the mind, śilā a stone; mineral delightful to the mind or heart; also with the dental sa, manaḥsila . “manchāla .”

--- OR ---

Manaḥsila (मनःसिल).—mf.

(-laḥ-lā) Red arsenic: see the last.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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