Makaranda, Mākaranda: 13 definitions

Introduction

Makaranda means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

1) Makaranda (मकरन्द).—Name of a commentary by Raṅganātha on the Padamañjari of Haradatta;

2) Makaranda.—Name of a commentary on the Supadma Vyākaraṇa by Viṣṇumiśra.

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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (M) next»] — Makaranda in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Makaranda (मकरन्द) is the daughter of a garden in Ujjayinī, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 121. Accordingly, as Mahendrāditya asked his messenger Anaṅgadeva: “... and one day I went with my beloved to a garden in Ujjayinī called Makaranda to amuse myself. There it happened that in the dawn a low hypocritical scoundrel of a kāpālika saw me, when I had just woke up from a sleep brought on by the fatigue of roaming about”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Makaranda, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous (M) next»] — Makaranda in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Makaranda (मकरन्द) refers to “flower juice” or “honey”, as mentioned in a list of four synonyms, according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees [viz., Makaranda] and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (M) next»] — Makaranda in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

makaranda : (m.) the nectar of a flower.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Makaranda, (cp. Class. Sk. makaranda) the nectar of a flower J. VI, 530. (Page 511)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (M) next»] — Makaranda in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

makaranda (मकरंद).—m S The nectar or honey of a flower. Ex. aṅgīcā akhila ma0 apāra ||.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

makaranda (मकरंद).—m The nectar or honey of a flower.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (M) next»] — Makaranda in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Makaranda (मकरन्द).—[makaramapi dyati kāmajanakatvāt do-avakhanḍane ka pṛṣo° mum Tv.]

1) The honey of flowers, flower-juice; निषिद्धै- रप्येभिर्लुलितमकरन्दो मधुकरैः (niṣiddhai- rapyebhirlulitamakarando madhukaraiḥ) Ve.1.1; मकरन्दतुन्दिलानामरविन्दाना- मयं महामान्यः (makarandatundilānāmaravindānā- mayaṃ mahāmānyaḥ) Bv.1.6,8.

2) A kind of jasmine.

3) The cuckoo.

4) A bee.

5) A kind of fragrant mango tree.

6) (In music) A kind of measure.

-ndam A filament.

Derivable forms: makarandaḥ (मकरन्दः).

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Mākaranda (माकरन्द).—a. (-ndī f.) Derived from, relating to, the juice of flowers; full of or mixed with honey; प्रचलित इव सान्द्रो माकरन्दः परागः (pracalita iva sāndro mākarandaḥ parāgaḥ) Māl.8.1 (v. l.); 9.13.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Makaranda (मकरन्द).—m.

(-ndaḥ) 1. The nectar or honey of a flower. 2. The Kokila or Indian cuckoo. 3. A bee. 4. A fragrant kind of mango. 5. A kind of jasmine, (Jasminum pubescens.) 6. The filament of a lotus. E. makara the emblem of Kama, and do to destroy, i. e. to surpass, as an incentive to love, aff. ka, form irr.

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Mākaranda (माकरन्द).—f. (-ndī) Relating to the juice of flowers.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Makaranda (मकरन्द).—I. m. 1. The nectar of a flower, [Prabodhacandrodaya, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 79, 16. 2. A kind of jasmine. Ii. m. The filament of a lotus.

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Mākaranda (माकरन्द).—i. e. makaranda + a, adj. Consisting of the nectar of flowers, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 154, 6.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Makaranda (मकरन्द).—[masculine] the juice of flowers, a man’s name; [neuter] = seq.

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Mākaranda (माकरन्द).—[adjective] coming from the juice of flowers.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Makaranda (मकरन्द) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—See Advaitamakaranda, Nyāyakusumāñjaliprakāśamakaranda, Nyāyamakaranda, Siddhāntamakaranda.

2) Makaranda (मकरन्द):—jy. Pheh. 9. 11. Rādh. 35. See Horāmakaranda.

3) Makaranda (मकरन्द):—Padārthakhaṇḍanavyākhyāṭīkā by Rucidatta. Oudh. Iv, 15.

4) Makaranda (मकरन्द):—poet. [Sūktikarṇāmṛta by Śrīdharadāsa]

5) Makaranda (मकरन्द):—Tithyādipattra, astronomical tables. Io. 2476.
—[commentary] by Kṛṣṇaśarman. Io. 520. 2303.
—[commentary] by Divākara, son of Nṛsiṃha. Fl. 295. 296. Io. 2476. Oudh. Xx, 110. Stein 168.
—[commentary] by Puruṣottama. Peters. 4, 36.
—[commentary] Makarandodāharaṇa by Viśvanātha, son of Divākara. B. 4, 170. Bick. 314. Io. 1681. 2476. K. 236. [Mackenzie Collection] 123. Np. 146. Oudh. Xiii, 64. Xiv, 50. Xx, 110. Peters. 2, 194.

6) Makaranda (मकरन्द):—Tithyādipattra jy. C. As p. 135. C. by Divākara. Peters. 5, 496. C. Abhinavatāmarasā by Puruṣottama. L.. 982. C. Makarandodāharaṇa by Viśvanātha, son of Divākara. As p. 135. Bd. 843. L.. 983.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Makaranda (मकरन्द):—m. the juice of flowers, honey, [Kāvya literature; Purāṇa] etc.

2) a species of jasmine, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) a fragrant species of mango, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) a bee, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) the Indian cuckoo, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) (in music) a kind of measure, [Saṃgīta-sārasaṃgraha]

7) Name of a man, [Mālatīmādhava]

8) of various authors and works.

9) n. a filament ([especially] of the lotus-flower), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) Name of a pleasure-garden, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

11) Mākaranda (माकरन्द):—mf(ī)n. ([from] makaranda) coming from or consisting of the juice of flowers, [Uttararāma-carita; Mālatīmādhava]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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