Mahishaka, Māhiṣaka, Mahiṣaka: 10 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Mahishaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Māhiṣaka and Mahiṣaka can be transliterated into English as Mahisaka or Mahishaka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Mahishaka in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Mahiṣaka (महिषक).—(MĀHIṢAKA): A special tribe. They were once Kṣatriyas but they became Śūdras by their evil mode of living. (Ślokas 22, 23, Chapter 33, Anuśāsana Parva). Arjuna during his victory march conquered this tribe in the south. (Chapter 83, Aśvamedha Parva).

2) Mahiṣaka (महिषक).—The name given by the Ancient people to modern Mysore. (Mahābhārata Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 9, Verse 59).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Māhiṣaka (माहिषक).—The people of the Dakṣiṇāpatha.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 125.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Māhiṣaka (माहिषक) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.45, VI.10.57, VIII.30.45) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Māhiṣaka) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Mahishaka in Kavya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara

Māhiṣaka (माहिषक) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—It is one of the regions on lower Narmadā, which capital name Māhiṣmatī.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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India history and geography

Source: Wisdom Library: India History

Māhiṣaka (माहिषक) is the name of a country included within Dakṣiṇapatha which was situated ahead of Māhiṣmatī according to Rājaśekhara (fl. 10th century) in his Kāvyamīmāṃsā (chapter 17). Dakṣiṇāpatha is a place-name ending is patha mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Mahishaka in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Māhiṣaka (माहिषक).—A buffalo-keeper.

Derivable forms: māhiṣakaḥ (माहिषकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Māhiṣaka (माहिषक).—m.

(-kaḥ) A buffalo-keeper.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mahiṣaka (महिषक):—[from mah] m. [plural] Name of a people, [Mahābhārata] ([Bombay edition]), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā] ([varia lectio] māhiṣa).

2) Māhiṣaka (माहिषक):—[from māhiṣa] m. a buffalo keeper, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] [plural] Name of a people, [Mahābhārata; Purāṇa]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Mahiṣaka (महिषक):—m. pl. Nomen proprium eines Volkes [Mahābhārata] (nach der Lesart der ed. Bomb.) [6, 366. 13, 2104.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 17, 26] (māhiṣa v. l.). — Vgl. māhiṣaka .

--- OR ---

Māhiṣaka (माहिषक):—(von māhiṣa)

1) m. pl. Nomen proprium eines Volkes [Mahābhārata 6, 366] [?(Viṣṇupurāṇa 192). 8, 2066. 13, 2104. 14, 2476. Harivaṃśa 782] (nach der Lesart der neueren Ausg.). [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 57, 46.] Die Bomb. Ausg. des [Mahābhārata] liest [6, 366 und 13, 2104] mahiṣakāḥ . —

2) m. Büffelhirt; s. u. māhiṣika .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Mahiṣaka (महिषक):—m. Pl. Nomen proprium eines Volkes.

--- OR ---

Māhiṣaka (माहिषक):—m.

1) *Büffelhirt.

2) Pl. Nomen proprium eines Volkes.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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