Sphutita, Sphuṭita: 14 definitions


Sphutita means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Saṅgītaśiromaṇi

Sphuṭita (स्फुटित, “broken”) refers to one of the seven defects (doṣa) of the voice (śabda), according to the Saṅgītaśiromaṇi 14.72-75, where they are commonly known as the śabdadoṣa. The Saṅgītaśiromaṇi (“crest-jewel of music”) is a 15th-century Sanskrit work on Indian musicology (gāndharvaśāstra).

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Sphuṭita (स्फुटित) refers to “blooming” (viz., of a flower), as mentioned in a list of twenty-six synonyms, according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees [viz., Sphuṭita] and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Sphuṭita (स्फुटित):—Crack

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Sphuṭita (स्फुटित) refers to the “cracked” (snake-eggs), as taught in the Nāgajanman (“birth of the Snakes”) section of the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Agadatantra or Sarpavidyā).

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: Vaisnava Agamas And Visnu Images

Sphuṭita (स्फुटित) refers to “cracks in the mould”, mentioned in a list of difficulties during the process of beeswax modeling (madhūcchiṣṭa), as defined in treatises such as the Pāñcarātra, Pādmasaṃhitā and Vaikhānasa-āgamas, extensively dealing with the technical features of temple art, iconography and architecture in Vaishnavism.—The Vaiṣṇava Āgamas insist that the metal icons should be made through a casting process called Madhūcchiṣṭa-kriyā. [...] Atri defines the complete casting-presence of all parts of the body, presence of all lakṣaṇas whatever found on the bee-wax moulding, attributes and ornaments properly attached together. The authors were aware of certain difficulties in the casting, i.e., khaṇḍita (broken), sphuṭita (cracks) and asampūrṇa (incompletion of the garbha). In such, it is considered just the metal but not the icon. In any of the problem, the trio, i.e. Ācarya, Yajamāna and Śilpin should inspect the output and should decide the remaking of bee wax model and casting.

The installation of the metal icons with cracks (sphuṭita), interior cavity (antargarbha) and improper components is considered to be ābhicārika. Therefore utmost care must be taken in casting of the metal icons, thus insist the Vaiṣṇava Āgamas. However, the alternative measure i.e. repair is admisible in case of mild repairable icons, the same way repair is carried on in the jīrṇoddhāraṇa (renovation).

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Sphuṭita (स्फुटित) refers to a “broken lunar disc”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 4), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the lunar disc be of ashy colour, of sharp rays or red, or rayless, or red black, or appear broken [i.e., sphuṭita] there will be fear of hunger, of war, of disease and of robbers. If the lunar disc should appear white and of the colour of the snow, of Kunda, of Kumuda and of crystal he brings prosperity on the land”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Sphuṭita (स्फुटित) refers to “being split (into several parts)”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly [as the Buddha addressed the four great kings], “O Great Kings, there are the impelling heart-dhāraṇī-mantrapadas called Completely Blazing Thunderbolt. Merely upon hearing, all residences and bodies of the Nāgas will be ablaze. It shakes the heart of all hostile Nāgas. The head of all Nāgas will split (sphuṭita) into seven. Their eyes and heads burst. They crumble to small pieces. O Great Kings, grasp them for the sake of destroying the hostile and malevolent and for the sake of protecting all beings”

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sphuṭita (स्फुटित).—p (S) Budded, blown, opened. 2 Burst, rent, broken or torn open or asunder. 3 fig. Explained, elucidated, made clear or plain.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sphuṭita (स्फुटित).—p. p. [sphuṭ-kta]

1) Burst, broken open, split, cracked; पाकारुणस्फुटितदाडिमकान्ति (pākāruṇasphuṭitadāḍimakānti) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 9.31.

2) Budded, blown, expanded (as a flower); स्फुटितकमला- मोदप्रायाः प्रवान्तु वनानिलाः (sphuṭitakamalā- modaprāyāḥ pravāntu vanānilāḥ) Uttararāmacarita 3.24.

3) Made clear, manifested, shown.

4) Torn, destroyed.

5) Laughed at-

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sphuṭita (स्फुटित).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Budded, blown. 2. Broken, burst. 3. Made clear. 4. Torn, destroyed. 5. Laughed at. E. sphuṭ to blow, aff. kta .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sphuṭita (स्फुटित):—[from sphuṭ] mfn. burst, budded, blown etc.

2) [v.s. ...] laughed at (= pari-hasita; cf.sphuṇṭ), [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sphuṭita (स्फुटित):—[(taḥ-tā-taṃ) a.] Budded; broken, burst.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Sphuṭita (स्फुटित) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Phuṭṭa, Phuṭṭia, Phuḍia, Muria.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Sphuṭita (ಸ್ಫುಟಿತ):—

1) [adjective] split; split open; bursted.

2) [adjective] blown open; expanded (said of flowers).

3) [adjective] made clear or evident.

4) [adjective] destroyed; demolished.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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