Phalaka, Phālaka: 14 definitions

Introduction

Phalaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Phalaka (फलक) refers to “abacus”. It is sculptured as a part of the pillar (stambha).

Source: Google Books: Indian Temple Architecture: Form and Transformation

Phalaka (फलक).—Part of the standard pilaster;—Below the potikās come the phalaka, a flat plate. Underneath is a double-curved moulding, the maṇḍi, something like a dish, sometimes fluted, or petalled as a lotus flower. Generally the two seem to form a single unit (the phalaka/maṇḍi), though in pre-Karṇāṭa architecture phalakas are found without maṇḍis, and differentiation between the two elements begin wherever, to provide a transition between a circular pillar and the square bracket shaft, the phalaka is made square but the maṇḍi circular.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Phalaka (फलक) is a Sanskrit word for a weapon translating to “shield”. Sculptures or other depictions of Hindu dieties are often seen holden this weapon in their hand.

India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Phalaka.—(IE 3-5), a wooden slab used as a slate. Note: phalaka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (P) next»] — Phalaka in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

phalaka : (m.; nt.) a board; plank; a shied. || phālaka (m.) one who splits or breaks.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Phālaka, (adj.) (fr. phāleti) splitting; one who splits Vism. 413 (kaṭṭha°). (Page 478)

— or —

Phalaka, (fr. phal=*sphal or *sphaṭ (see phalati), lit. that which is split or cut off (cp. in same meaning “slab”); cp. Sk. sphaṭika rock-crystal; on Prk. forms see Pischel, Prk. Gr. §206. Ved. phalaka board, phāla ploughshare; Gr. a)ζpalon, spolaζ, yaliζ scissors; Lat. pellis & spolium; Ohg. spaltan=split, Goth, spilda writing board, tablet; Oicel. spjald board) 1. a flat piece of wood, a slab, board, plank J. I, 451 (a writing board, school slate); V, 155 (akkhassa ph. axle board); VI, 281 (dice-board). pidhāna° covering board VbhA. 244= Vism. 261; sopāna° staircase, landing J. I, 330 (maṇi°); Vism. 313; cp. MVastu I. 249; °āsana a bench J. I, 199; °kāya a great mass of planks J. II, 91. °atthara-sayana a bed covered with a board (instead of a mattress) J. I, 304, 317; II, 68. °seyya id. D. I, 167 (“plank-bed”).—2. a shield J. III, 237, 271; Miln. 355; DhA. II, 2. ‹-› 3. a slip of wood or bark, used for making an ascetic’s dress (°cīra) D. I, 167, cp. Vin. I, 305. ditto for a weight to hang on the robe Vin. II, 136.—4. a post M. III, 95 (aggaḷa° doorpost); ThA. 70 (Ap. V, 17). (Page 477)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

phāḷakā (फाळका).—m (phāḷaṇēṃ) A large slip (of wood, fruit &c.) 2 A side-piece of a plantain-leaf. Used as a dish at meals.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

phāḷakā (फाळका).—m A large slip. A side-piece of a plantain-leaf.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Phalaka (फलक).—1 A board, plank, slab, tablet; कालः काल्या भुवनफलके क्रीडति प्राणिशारैः (kālaḥ kālyā bhuvanaphalake krīḍati prāṇiśāraiḥ) Bh.3.39; द्यूत°, चित्र° (dyūta°, citra°) &c.

2) Any flat surface; चुम्ब्यमानकपोलफलकाम् (cumbyamānakapolaphalakām) K.218; धृत- मुग्धगण्डफलकैर्विबभुः (dhṛta- mugdhagaṇḍaphalakairvibabhuḥ) Śi.9.47,37; cf. तट (taṭa).

3) A shield; Rām.1.

4) A slab, tablet, leaf or page for writing upon.

5) The buttocks, hips.

6) The palm of the hand.

7) Fruit, result, consequence.

8) Profit, gain.

9) Menstruation.

1) The head of an arrow.

11) The pericarp of a lotus.

12) A broad and flat bone (of the forehead).

13) A wooden seat; तवार्हते तु फलकं कूर्चं वाऽप्यथवा बृसी (tavārhate tu phalakaṃ kūrcaṃ vā'pyathavā bṛsī) Mb.5.35.15.

14) Bark (as material for clothes).

Derivable forms: phalakam (फलकम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Phalaka (फलक).—(1) m., °kaḥ Mvy 9192 = Tibetan sgrog guḥi rten ma, holder for a strap; perhaps a fastener, something like a button, to be affixed to a monk's robe, and to which a strap is fastened; I believe phalaka has this meaning in Pali gaṇṭhika-pha° pāsaka-pha° Vin. ii.136.38; 137.1, 3 (not a kind of cloth, perhaps made of leaves, as assumed SBE 17.246); so Chin. on Mvy, leather bag or pocket with button(s); (2) nt., in ŚsP 1430.9, cited approximately in Śikṣ 210.5 as: gāṃ hatvā tīkṣṇena śastreṇa catvāri phalakāni kṛtvā, acc. to Bendall and Rouse four quarters (of the animal), which seems implausible; possibly four leather bags (of the hide)? compare Chin. cited above; or belts? (this meaning given for AMg. phalaga in Ratnach.); (3) nt., grain (of sand): vālikā- phalakāni Gv 134.20 f.; (4) see s.v. Halaka; (5) see also phalaha. (In Divy 316.26 phalaka may mean bark, as in Sanskrit, used as material for garments.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Phalaka (फलक).—mn.

(-kaḥ-kaṃ) 1. A shield. 2. A bench. 3. A plank. 4. A layer. m.

(-kaḥ) 1. A bone, the os frontis, or bone of the forehead. 2. A leaf or page for writing on. 3. A plant, (Mesua ferrea.) n.

(-kaṃ) The buttocks. E. kan added to the preceding, or phal to split or divide, aff. vun .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Phalaka (फलक).—(adj. —° [feminine] likā) result, advantage.* gain; [abstract] tva [neuter]

phalaka [neuter] tablet, board etc. = phala + a wooden bench, the palm of the hands, shield.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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