Kuranga, Kuraṅga, Kurāṅga, Kuramga: 24 definitions

Introduction:

Kuranga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Kuraṅga (कुरङ्ग) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “roe deer”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Ayurvedic literature. The animal Kuraṅga is part of the sub-group named Jāṅgalamṛga, refering to “animals living in forests”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.

Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume I

Kuraṅga (कुरङ्ग)—Sanskrit word for “antelope” or “chowsinga” (Tetracerus quadricornis). This animal is from the group called Jaṅghāla (large-kneed). Jaṅghāla itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Jāṅghala (living in high ground and in a jungle)

Those (species of deer), that are neither red nor black, are designated as Kuranga.

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Kuraṅga (कुरङ्ग) refers to a type of Jāṅghala meat and is mentioned as being beneficial (hita) to the body according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—The dravyaguṇāguṇa section contains the discussions on different food articles and their dietetic effects according to the prominent Ayurvedic treatises. Here In the māṃsa (meats) group Kuraṅga is mentioned as beneficial to the body (hita).

Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study

Kuraṅga (कुरङ्ग) refers to the Four-horned anlelope (Tetracerus Quadricornis), according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Kuraṅga (कुरङ्ग).—One of the mountains which encircle Mahāmeru. (Devī Bhāgavata, 8th Skandha).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Kuraṅga (कुरङ्ग).—A mountain on the base of Meru.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 16. 26.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Prācyā: Animals and animal products as reflected in Smṛti texts

Kuraṅga (कुरङ्ग) refers to the animal “Four horned antelope” (Tetracerus quadricornis).—The Smṛtis mention several domestic as well as wild animals that are enumerated in context of specifying expiation for killing them, the flesh being used as a dietary article to give satisfaction to the Manes (Pitṛs) in Śrāddha rites, the law of transmigration due to various sins committed as well as in the context of specifying gifts to be given on various occasions. These animals [viz., Kuraṅga] are chiefly mentioned in the Manusmṛti, Parāśarasmṛti [Chap.6], Gautamasmṛti [17.2 and 15.1], Śātātapasmṛti [II.45-54], Uśānasmṛti [IX.7-9; IX.12-13], Yājñavalkyasmṛti [I.170-171; I.175; I.258- 260], Viṣṇusmṛti [51.3;51.6;51.26;51.33;80.3-14], Uttarāṅgirasasmṛti [X.15-17], Prajāpatismṛti [Śrāddhatyājyavastuvarṇanam. 138-143], 9 Kāśyapasmṛti [Section on Prāyaścittavarṇanam], Vṛddha Hārītasmṛti [6.253-255] and Kātyāyanasmṛti [27.11].

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Kuraṅga (कुरङ्ग) or Kuraṅgeśa is the name of the God associated with Pūrṇagiri, one of the sacred seats (pīṭha), according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—On the basis of hardly more than a hint in the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, it outlines a scheme of sixteen parts for each seat, conscious, no doubt, that this is an ideal number. The commentary normally limits itself to do no more than explain what is presented in the text. This is one of the few instances it adds substantially to its contents [i.e., the Gods—Kuraṅgeśa]. Presumably this is because when it was written the presentation of the features of the seats on this model was the accepted norm.

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shaktism)

Kuraṅga (कुरङ्ग) refers to a “deer”, according to the King Vatsarāja’s Pūjāstuti called the Kāmasiddhistuti (also Vāmakeśvarīstuti), guiding one through the worship of the Goddess Nityā.—Accordingly, “[...] Her body is beautiful and bears the hue of vermillion. Its middle part is slim, [and] she is the repository of beauty. She is slightly bent like a young elephant because of her pitcher-like breasts, resembling the temples of a young elephant. Her eyes are moving and wide like those of a deer (cala-kuraṅga). She is moon-faced, her smiles are gentle, and she serves as the felicitous banner of the Love-god. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Kuranga in Kavya glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (kavya)

Kuraṅga (कुरङ्ग) refers to “antelope”, according to Bāṇa’s Kādambarī (p. 225-226).—Accordingly, while describing the shire of the Goddess Caṇḍikā, “[Then follows the image of the Goddess Caṇḍikā, which matches the conception of Kālarātri in the passage from the Mahābhārata:] [...] she bore the coquettish apparel of a woman going out to meet Mahākāla at night, with a vine-like body furnished with a raiment reddened with saffron-dye, with a face with red eyes, whose brows were furrowed into a frown, whose lip was crimsoned with betel that was blood, whose cheeks were reddened by the light shed from ear-ornaments of pomegranate flowers, with a forehead on which there was a tilaka dot of vermillion made by a Śabara beauty, covered by a magnificent gold turban. She was worshipped by goats... mice... antelope (kuraṅga) and black serpents... She was praised on all sides by flocks of old crows; [...]”.

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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India history and geography

Source: What is India: Epigraphia Indica volume XXXI (1955-56)

Kurāṅga is the name of a locality corresponding to modern Kurang, as mentioned in the “Alarpur of Narasiṃha II” (1294 A. D.). They are all situtated in the vicinity of one another in the Cuttack District (see Survey of India map, sheet No. 73 H/15).

These copper plate (mentioning  Kurāṅga) were found while digging the foundation for a house in the village Alalpur. The grant was made by king Narasiṃha II in february 1294 A.D. It's object was to increase the king’s longevity, health, wealth and majesty.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kuraṅga (कुरंग).—m (S) A deer or an antelope.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kuraṅga (कुरंग).—m A deer. kuraṅganayanā f A female having fawn's eyes, i.e., a beauty.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kuraṅga (कुरङ्ग).—(-ṅgī f.)

1) A deer in general; तन्मे ब्रूहि कुरङ्ग कुत्र भवता किं नाम तप्तं तपः (tanme brūhi kuraṅga kutra bhavatā kiṃ nāma taptaṃ tapaḥ) Śānti.1.14,4.6; लवङ्गी कुरङ्गी- दृगङ्गीकरोतु (lavaṅgī kuraṅgī- dṛgaṅgīkarotu) Jag.

2) A species of deer (kuraṅga īṣattāmraḥ syāddhariṇākṛtiko mahān).

3) The spot in the moon.

Derivable forms: kuraṅgaḥ (कुरङ्गः).

--- OR ---

Kuraṅga (कुरङ्ग).—q. v.

See also (synonyms): kuraṅgaka, kuraṅgama.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kuraṅga (कुरङ्ग).—m.

(-ṅgaḥ) A deer, an antelope. E. kur to sound, aṅgac Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kuraṅga (कुरङ्ग).—I. m. An antelope, [Pañcatantra] 114, 18. Ii. f. , A female antelope, [Gītagovinda. ed. Lassen.] 9, 11. Iii. m. The name of a mountain, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 5, 16, 27.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kuraṅga (कुरङ्ग).—[masculine] a kind of antelope, antelope i.[grammar], [feminine] ī a female antelope.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kuraṅga (कुरङ्ग):—m. (√1. kṝ, [Uṇādi-sūtra i, 120]), a species of antelope, antelope or deer (in general), [Suśruta; Pañcatantra] etc.

2) (hence like mṛga) the spot in the moon, [Prasannarāghava]

3) Name of a mountain, [Mahābhārata xiii, 1699; Bhāgavata-purāṇa v, 16, 27]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kuraṅga (कुरङ्ग):—(ṅgaḥ) 1. m. A deer or antelope.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kuraṅga (कुरङ्ग) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Kuraṃga.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kuranga in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Kuraṃga (कुरंग) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Kuraṅga.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kuraṃga (ಕುರಂಗ):—[noun] = ಕುರಂದ [kuramda].

--- OR ---

Kuraṃga (ಕುರಂಗ):—

1) [noun] any of a family (Cervidae) of ruminants, including the elk, moose, and reindeer; a deer, esp. the smaller species, as the white-tailed deer and mule deer.

2) [noun] a small, hornless deer (Moschus moschiferus) the male of which secretes musk and has tusk like upper canines; the musk deer.

3) [noun] the black-spot on the moon.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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