Kurara: 21 definitions

Introduction:

Kurara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Kurara (कुरर) is a Sanskrit word referring to the animal “fish eagle”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Ayurvedic literature. The animal Kurara is part of the sub-group named prasaha, refering to animals “who take their food by snatching”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Kurara [कुरर] in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Capparis decidua (Forssk.) Edgew. from the Capparaceae (Caper) family. For the possible medicinal usage of kurara, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume I

1) Kurara (कुरर)—Sanskrit word for a bird corresponding to “osprey”. This animal is from the group called Prasaha (‘carnivorous birds’). Prasaha itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Jāṅghala (living in high ground and in a jungle).

2) Kurara (कुरर)—Sanskrit word for a bird corresponding to “osprey”. This animal is from the group called Plava (‘those which float’ or ‘those move about in large flocks’). Plava itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Ānupa (those that frequent marshy places).

Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study

Kurara (कुरर) (lit. “one who utters a sound”) refers to a kind of bird, according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Kurara (कुरर).—A mountain on the base of Meru.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 16. 26.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Kurara (कुरर) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.31.15, I.35) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Kurara) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Prācyā: Animals and animal products as reflected in Smṛti texts

Kurara (कुरर) refers to the bird “Osprey” (Pandion haliaetus).—Birds have been described in several ancient Sanskrit texts that they have been treated elaborately by eminent scholars. These birds [viz., Kurara] are enumerated in almost several Smṛtis in context of specifying the expiations for killing them and their flesh being used as a dietary article to give satisfaction to the manes (Pitṛs) in Śrāddha rites. These are elaborated especially in the Manusmṛti, Parāśarasmṛti [chapter VI], Gautamasmṛti [chapter 23], Śātātapasmṛti [II.54-56], Uśānasmṛti [IX.10-IX.12], Yājñavalkyasmṛti [I.172-I.175], Viṣṇusmṛti [51.28-51.29], Uttarāṅgirasasmṛti [X.16].

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Kurara (कुरर) is a Sanskrit word referring to a type of osprey (female=kurarī).

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kurara : (m.) an osprey.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kurara, an osprey J. IV, 295, 397 (=ukkusa); V, 416; VI, 539 (=seta°). (Page 222)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kurara (कुरर).—

1) An osprey; Y.1.174.

2) The plant Capparis Aphylla (Mar. peṃḍha, vāghaṃṭī, karīla); Rām. 3.6.21.

Derivable forms: kuraraḥ (कुररः).

See also (synonyms): kurala.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kurara (कुरर).—mf.

(-raḥ-rā) An osprey; also another species of eagle. f. (-rī) A sheep, an ewe. 2. A female osprey.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kurara (कुरर).— (onomatop.), I. m. An osprey, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 15, 6. Ii. f. , A female osprey, Mahābhārata 1, 908. Iii. m. The name of a mountain, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 5, 16, 27.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kurara (कुरर).—[masculine] ī [feminine] osprey.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kurara (कुरर):—m. ([from] √3. ku, [Uṇādi-sūtra iii, 133]) an osprey, [Yājñavalkya i, 174; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) also another species of eagle, [Horace H. Wilson]

3) the plant Capparis aphylla, [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes]

4) Name of a mountain, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa v, 16, 27]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kurara (कुरर):—[(raḥ-rī)] 1. m. 3. f. An osprey.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kurara (कुरर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Kurara.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kurara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Kurara (कुरर) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Kurara.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kurara (ಕುರರ):—[noun] the male, large, black-and-white diving bird of prey, Pandion haliaetus of Pandionidae family which feeds mainly on fish; an osprey.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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