Kuhara: 22 definitions


Kuhara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Kuhar.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Kuhara (कुहर) refers to one of the thirty-three alaṃkāras (embellishments), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 29. These alaṃkāras, or, ‘embellishments of song’, depend upon the four types of varṇas, which refers to a specific order of musical notes (svara). They are attached to the songs of seven forms, although not generally used in the dhruvās.

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, “kuhara is that in which notes (lit the wind) being in the medium pitch (lit. stopped in the vocal passage) are (in a play-like tempo)”.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Kuhara (कुहर).—A King of Kaliṅga. He was born from an aspect of the Asura called Krodhavaśa. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 67, Verse 65).

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Kuhara (कुहर) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.61.60) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Kuhara) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Kuhara (कुहर) refers to the “void”, according to the Jñānanetra’s Yonigahvaratantra (which was traditionally said to be ‘brought down to earth’).—Accordingly, “I bow to Kālī, the Supreme who illumines (all things) with her own Light; to her who is the Light that arises from the Void [i.e., kuhara] (within which) burns the Fire of (universal) Destruction; (I bow to her who is) established in the centre of the (reality that) contains the three paths of Moon, Sun and Fire and whose state is one in which consciousness, the object of thought, the mind, the objects of sense and the senses have dissolved away”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (vastu)

Kuhara (कुहर) refers to the “interior windows” of Temples (in ancient Indian architecture), according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—The sarvatobhadra type is a special kind of temple which is a great one and appears to be very sophisticated. According to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, the sarvatobhadra type of temple should have kuharas (interior windows) placed to adorn the śikharas and those kuharas are attached with gavākṣas i.e., latticed windows and a jāla i.e., a lattice over those.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Kuhara (कुहर) refers to “caves” (on the peak of a mountain), according to the Yogatārāvalī: a short Yoga text of twenty-nine verses presenting Haṭhayoga as the means to Rājayoga (i.e., Samādhi).—Accordingly, while describing the no-mind state: “'[Practising] in caves (kuhara) on the peak of Śrī Śaila [mountain], when will I succeed in dissolving my mind as prescribed [earlier and attain success] in Samādhi? When vines cover my body and when birds build nests in my ear”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: MDPI Books: The Ocean of Heroes

Kuhara (कुहर) refers to a “hollow space (in the sky)”, according to the 10th-century Ḍākārṇava-tantra: one of the last Tibetan Tantric scriptures belonging to the Buddhist Saṃvara tradition consisting of 51 chapters.—Accordingly, “[...] [He should visualize] a seed of knowledge [representing] the self-existent one (viz., hūm) at the center of a lotus on a sun [disk] in [his] heart. Then he should emit rays of various colors, [which] fill the sky. Having attracted an assembly of deities formed by Jñānaḍākinī, he should make the Lord of the world seated at the center of a hollow space in the sky (gagana-kuhara). [...]”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kuhara : (nt.) a hole; cavity.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kuhara, (nt.) (der. fr. kuha) a hole, a cavity; lit. a hidingplace Dāvs. I, 62. (Page 224)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kuhara (कुहर).—n S A cavern or cave: and, fig. a recess, abyss, cavity, hollow. Ex. jananīcyā jaṭharakaharīṃ || prāṇī asē nava māsavari ||.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kuhara (कुहर).—

1) A cavity, hollow; as in नाभिकुहर, आस्य° (nābhikuhara, āsya°) &c. दधति कुहरभाजामत्र भल्लूकयूनामनुरसितगुरूणि स्त्यानमम्बूकृतानि (dadhati kuharabhājāmatra bhallūkayūnāmanurasitagurūṇi styānamambūkṛtāni) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 9.6; Ve.1.22.

2) The ear.

3) The throat.

4) Proximity.

5) Copulation; प्रवृत्तकुहरपारावत (pravṛttakuharapārāvata) ... &c. Daśakumāracarita 2.2.

6) A hole, rent.

7) A guttural sound.

-raḥ A window, the interior window; कुहरा अभ्यन्तरगवाक्षाः (kuharā abhyantaragavākṣāḥ) Bṛ. S.56.2. B. P.13.5.27.

Derivable forms: kuharam (कुहरम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kuhara (कुहर).—n.

(-raṃ) 1. A cavity, a hollow. 2. A hole, a rent, &c. 3. The ear. 4. A guttural sound. 5. The throat or larynx. m.

(-raḥ) A kind of snake. E. ku the earth, &c. and hara what takes, &c. from hṛ with the aff ap.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kuhara (कुहर).—[kuh + ara] (cf. the last). I. n. 1. A cavern, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 3, 29. 2. A cavity, [Prabodhacandrodaya, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 3, 15. 3. The interior, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 28, 33. 4. Coition, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 196, 22. Ii. m. The name of a serpent, Mahābhārata 1, 2701.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kuhara (कुहर).—[masculine] [Name] of a serpent-demon; [neuter] hole, cave.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kuhara (कुहर):—m. ([from] √kuh = guh?), Name of a serpent belonging to the Krodha-vaśa race, [Mahābhārata i, 2701; Harivaṃśa 229]

2) n. a cavity, hollow, hole, [Bhartṛhari; Hitopadeśa; Prabodha-candrodaya] etc.

3) a small window (?), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

4) the ear, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) the throat or larynx, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) a guttural sound, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) proximity, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) copulation, [Daśakumāra-carita]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kuhara (कुहर):—(raṃ) 1. n. A cavity, a hole; the ear; the throat; a guttural sound. m. A kind of snake.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kuhara (कुहर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Kuhara.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kuhara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Kuhara (कुहर) [Also spelled kuhar]:—(nm) a meatus, a channel or passage (in the body).

2) Kuharā (कुहरा):—(nm) fog, mist.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Kuhara (कुहर) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Kuhara.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kuhara (ಕುಹರ):—

1) [noun] a large hollow in the side of a cliff, hill, etc. or underground; a cave; a cavern.

2) [noun] a hollow or hollowed-out place; a cavity; an excavation or pit; a hole.

3) [noun] the organ of hearing; the ear.

4) [noun] the upper part of the passage leading from the mouth and nose to the stomach and lungs; the throat.

5) [noun] the state or quality of being near; nearness in space; proximity.

6) [noun] sexual intercourse; copulation.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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