Vaktra, aka: Vaktrā; 9 Definition(s)


Vaktra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Vaktra in Purana glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

Vaktrā (वक्त्रा).—A river in the Bhadrā continent.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 43. 25.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Vaktra (वक्त्र).—Mouth, or orifice of the mouth which, in general is the place of utterance for all letters, but especially for the vowel अ; cf. सर्व-मुखस्थानमवर्णस्य केचिदिच्छन्ति । (sarva-mukhasthānamavarṇasya kecidicchanti |)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

1) Vaktra (वक्त्र) refers to one of the 135 metres (chandas) mentioned by Nañjuṇḍa (1794-1868 C.E.) in his Vṛttaratnāvalī. Nañjuṇḍa was a poet of both Kannada and Sanskrit literature flourished in the court of the famous Kṛṣṇarāja Woḍeyar of Mysore. He introduces the names of these metres (eg., Vaktra) in 20 verses.

2) Vaktra (वक्त्र) refers to one of the eighteen viṣama-varṇavṛtta (irregular syllabo-quantitative verse) mentioned in the 332nd chapter of the Agnipurāṇa. The Agnipurāṇa deals with various subjects viz. literature, poetics, grammar, architecture in its 383 chapters and deals with the entire science of prosody (eg., the vaktra metre) in 8 chapters (328-335) in 101 verses in total.

3) Vaktra (वक्त्र) refers to one of the thirty-four mātrāvṛtta (quantitative verse) mentioned in the Garuḍapurāṇa. The Garuḍapurāṇa also deals with the science of prosody (eg., the vaktra) in its six chapters 207-212. The chapters comprise 5, 18, 41, 7 and 9 verses respectively.

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Vaktra (वक्त्र) or Vaktrāgama refers to one of the upāgamas (supplementary scriptures) of the Kāmikāgama which is one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu. The purpose of revealing upāgamas (eg., Vaktra-āgama) is to explain more elaborately than that of mūlāgamas (eg., Kāmika-āgama) and to include any new idea if not dealt in mūlāgamas.

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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India history and geogprahy

Agni (अग्नि) refers to a name-ending for place-names according to Pāṇini VI.2.126. Pāṇini also cautions his readers that the etymological meaning of place-names should not be held authoritative since the name should vanish when the people leave the place who gave their name to it.

Source: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

vaktra (वक्त्र).—n The mouth the face.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vaktra (वक्त्र).—[vakti anena vac-karaṇe ṣṭran Uṇ.4.177]

1) The mouth.

2) The face; यद्वक्त्रं मुहुरीक्षसे न धनिनां ब्रूषे न चाटून् मृषा (yadvaktraṃ muhurīkṣase na dhanināṃ brūṣe na cāṭūn mṛṣā) Bh.3.147.

3) Snout, muzzle, beak.

4) Beginning.

5) The point (of an arrow), the spout of a vessel.

6) A sort of garment.

7) Name of a metre similar to anuṣṭubh; see S. D.567; Kāv.1.26.

8) The first term of a progression.

Derivable forms: vaktram (वक्त्रम्).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vaktra (वक्त्र).—[, nt., Mv iii.185.17, repeated 19 (verse) atha gāyasi vaktrāṇi, either corruption or false Sanskritization for Pali vattāni, same line, Jāt. iii.447.18; Senart assumes that this Pali word = Sanskrit vṛttāni, meters, which is plau- sible. However, Ratnach. records (without citation from literature) an AMg. vatta = Sanskrit vyakta, defined singing while making the syllables and sounds distinct, an excellent mode of singing. May not the Pali vattāni, and our word, be equivalents of this? Our word might then be a false Sanskritization, or error, instead of vyaktāni.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 79 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Pañcavaktra (पञ्चवक्त्र) refers to a “Rudraksha with five faces”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 1...
Aparavaktra (अपरवक्त्र).—n. (-ktraṃ) A kind of metre of four lines, having every two lines the ...
Gajavaktra (गजवक्त्र).—epithets of Gaṇeśa; Bṛ. S.58.58; Ks.1.44. Derivable forms: gajavaktraḥ (...
1) Caturvaktra (चतुर्वक्त्र) refers to a “Rudraksha with four faces”, according to the Śivapurā...
Suvaktra (सुवक्त्र).—A warrior of Subrahmaṇya. (Śalya Parva, Chapter 45, Verse 73).
Dīrghavaktra (दीर्घवक्त्र).—m. (-ktraḥ) An elephant, E. dīrgha long, and vaktra face.
Turaṅgavaktra (तुरङ्गवक्त्र) is another name for the Kinnaras, who, like Yakṣas, are the attend...
Vaktratuṇḍa (वक्त्रतुण्ड).—m. (-ṇḍaḥ) A name of Ganesa. E. vaktra and tuṇḍa beak or nose, havin...
Pūtivaktra (पूतिवक्त्र).—Adj. Having offensive breath.
Cāruvaktra (चारुवक्त्र).—An attendant of Subrahmaṇya. He was much devoted to brahmins. (Mahābhā...
Siṃhavaktra (सिंहवक्त्र) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.78) and represents ...
Makaravaktra (मकरवक्त्र) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.74) and represents ...
Vaktrakhura (वक्त्रखुर).—m. (-raḥ) A tooth. E. vaktra the mouth, and khura a hoof.
Kapivaktra (कपिवक्त्र).—m. (-ktraḥ) A name of Narada, a saint and philosopher, and friend of Kr...
Vaktratāla (वक्त्रताल).—mn. (-laḥ-laṃ) A musical instrument, played on with the mouth. E. vaktr...

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