Kalanjara, Kālañjara, Kalamjara: 14 definitions
Kalanjara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Kālañjara (कालञ्जर) is the name of a Mountain, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.37 (“The letter of betrothal is dispatched”).—Accordingly, as Himavat prepared the wedding of Menā and Śiva: “[...] The mountains Trikūṭa, Citrakūṭa, Veṅkaṭa, Śrīgiri, Gokāmukha and Nārada came also. The excellent mountain Vindhya possessing many riches, came there delightedly along with his wife and sons. The mountain Kālañjara, highly resplendent and extremely delighted came along with his attendants. [...]”.
Note: Kālañjara is a sacred hill in Banda District in U.P.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Kālañjara (कालञ्जर).—Mt. on the north base of Meru. Here was born Bharata as deer;1 sacred to Kālī.2 Here were reborn the seven sons of Kauśika as deer; remembering their past birth, they practised yoga;3 sacred to Pitṛs;4 the best of hills where Śveta took his avatār (kālam jarayiṣyāmī).5
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 16. 26; 8-30; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 13. 100; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 2. 30.
- 2) Matsya-purāṇa 13. 32.
- 3) Ib. 20. 15; 21. 9 and 28.
- 4) Ib. 22. 24; Vāyu-purāṇa 77. 93.
- 5) Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 204.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism
Kālañjara (कालञ्जर) is a Sanskrit word referring to one of the sixty-eight places hosting a svāyambhuvaliṅga, one of the most sacred of liṅgas according to the Śaivāgamas. The presiding deity residing over the liṅga in this place (Kālañjara) is named Nīlakaṇṭha. The list of sixty-eight svāyambhuvaliṅgas is found in the commentary of the Jirṇoddhāra-daśaka by Nigamajñānadeva. The word liṅga refers to a symbol used in the worship of Śiva and is used thoughout Śaiva literature, such as the sacred Āgamas.Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions
Kālañjara (कालञ्जर) is associated with Vighnarāja, one of the “seven Bhairavas”, according to the Vārāṇasīmāhātmya 1.53-54.—Cf. The “eight Bhairavas” (originating from the blood of Andhaka when Śiva strikes him correspond with a set of eight Bhairavas), according to the Vāmanapurāṇa 44.23-38ff.
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Kavya (poetry)Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Kālañjara (कालञ्जर) is the name of a mountain whose lord is named Vidyutprabha: a Vidyādhara king who fought on Śrutaśarman’s side but was slain by Prabhāsa, who participated in the war against Sūryaprabha, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 48. Accordingly: “... then [after the slaying of Kālakampana] a king of the Vidyādharas, named Vidyutprabha, lord of the hill of Kālañjara, in wrath attacked Prabhāsa. When he was fighting with Prabhāsa, Prabhāsa first cut asunder his banner, and then kept cutting his bows in two, as fast as he took them up”.
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Kālañjara, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) Name of a mountain and adjacent country (modern Kallinjar); तस्मात्कालञ्जरगिरौ गत्वा (tasmātkālañjaragirau gatvā) Kathāsaritsāgara 111.7.
2) An assembly of religious mendicants.
3) An epithet of Śiva.
-rī An epithet of Durgā.
Derivable forms: kālañjaraḥ (कालञ्जरः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-raḥ) 1. A name of Siva. 2. The name of a rock in Bundelk'hand, the modern Kallinjer. 3. The adjacent country. 4. An assembly or collection of religious medicants; Kallinjer is one of the places at which such assemblies meet, being enumerated in the Vedas amongst the Tapasyast'hanas, or spots adapted to practices of austere devotion. f. (-rā or -rī) An appellation of Durga, E. kāla in the second case, time or death, and jara who makes old, or causes to decay; irregularly deduced from the causal of jṝ to become old.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kālañjara (कालञ्जर).—m. The name of a range of mountains, Mahābhārata 3, 8198.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Kālañjara (कालञ्जर):—m. Name of a sacred mountain in Bundalkhand (the modern Kalliñjer, a spot adapted to practices of austere devotion), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa] etc.
2) ([plural]) Name of the people living near that mountain, [Pāṇini 4-2, 125; Kāśikā-vṛtti]
3) an assembly or meeting-place of religious mendicants, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
4) Name of Śiva, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
5) Kālañjarā (कालञ्जरा):—[from kālañjara] f. Name of Durgā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kālañjara (कालञ्जर):—(raḥ) 1. m. Shiva; a rock; a country; a collection of mendicants. f. (rā-rī) Durgā.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Kālañjara (कालञ्जर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Kālaṃjara.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Prakrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary
Kālaṃjara (कालंजर) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Kālañjara.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+11): Kalanjaraka, Kalamjara, Kalinjara, Kalanjari, Nilakantha, Agastyaparvata, Kalamjaramahatmya, Devahrada, Hiranyabindu, Carudhi, Vighnaraja, Parihara, Kalanjaragiri, Gangadvara, Ashtabhairava, Mahashaila, Nanasampad, Bahuharsha, Bahubha, Citrakuta.
Search found 19 books and stories containing Kalanjara, Kālañjara, Kālañjarā, Kalamjara, Kālaṃjara; (plurals include: Kalanjaras, Kālañjaras, Kālañjarās, Kalamjaras, Kālaṃjaras). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Garga Samhita (English) (by Danavir Goswami)
Mahabharata (English) (by Kisari Mohan Ganguli)
Section CCXLVI < [Mokshadharma Parva]
Section LXXXVII < [Tirtha-yatra Parva]
Section LXXXV < [Tirtha-yatra Parva]
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 5 - The death of the Brahmin lady and the greatness of Nandikeśvara < [Section 4 - Koṭirudra-Saṃhitā]
Chapter 41 - The attainment of the seven hunters < [Section 5 - Umā-Saṃhitā]
Chapter 37 - The letter of betrothal is dispatched < [Section 2.3 - Rudra-saṃhitā (3): Pārvatī-khaṇḍa]
Harivamsha Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter 21 - An Account of the Seven Brahmanas < [Book 1 - Harivamsa Parva]
Chapter 24 - Brahmadatta Retires From the World < [Book 1 - Harivamsa Parva]
The Padma Purana (by N.A. Deshpande)
Chapter 92 - The Greatness of Revā < [Section 2 - Bhūmi-khaṇḍa (section on the earth)]
Chapter 37 - Other Holy Places of Vārāṇasī < [Section 3 - Svarga-khaṇḍa (section on the heavens)]
One hundred and eight (108) names of Sāvitrī < [Section 1 - Sṛṣṭi-khaṇḍa (section on creation)]
Puranic encyclopaedia (by Vettam Mani)