Kalanjara, Kālañjara: 10 definitions



Kalanjara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Kalanjara in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Kālañjara (कालञ्जर).—Mt. on the north base of Meru. Here was born Bharata as deer;1 sacred to Kālī.2 Here were reborn the seven sons of Kauśika as deer; remembering their past birth, they practised yoga;3 sacred to Pitṛs;4 the best of hills where Śveta took his avatār (kālam jarayiṣyāmī).5

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 16. 26; 8-30; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 13. 100; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 2. 30.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 13. 32.
  • 3) Ib. 20. 15; 21. 9 and 28.
  • 4) Ib. 22. 24; Vāyu-purāṇa 77. 93.
  • 5) Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 204.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Kalanjara in Shaivism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Kālañjara (कालञ्जर) is a Sanskrit word referring to one of the sixty-eight places hosting a svāyambhuvaliṅga, one of the most sacred of liṅgas according to the Śaivāgamas. The presiding deity residing over the liṅga in this place (Kālañjara) is named Nīlakaṇṭha. The list of sixty-eight svāyambhuvaliṅgas is found in the commentary of the Jirṇoddhāra-daśaka by Nigamajñānadeva. The word liṅga refers to a symbol used in the worship of Śiva and is used thoughout Śaiva literature, such as the sacred Āgamas.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Kalanjara in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Kālañjara (कालञ्जर) is the name of a mountain whose lord is named Vidyutprabha: a Vidyādhara king who fought on Śrutaśarman’s side but was slain by Prabhāsa, who participated in the war against Sūryaprabha, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 48. Accordingly: “... then [after the slaying of Kālakampana] a king of the Vidyādharas, named Vidyutprabha, lord of the hill of Kālañjara, in wrath attacked Prabhāsa. When he was fighting with Prabhāsa, Prabhāsa first cut asunder his banner, and then kept cutting his bows in two, as fast as he took them up”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Kālañjara, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kalanjara in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kālañjara (कालञ्जर).—

1) Name of a mountain and adjacent country (modern Kallinjar); तस्मात्कालञ्जरगिरौ गत्वा (tasmātkālañjaragirau gatvā) Ks.111.7.

2) An assembly of religious mendicants.

3) An epithet of Śiva.

-rā or

-rī An epithet of Durgā.

Derivable forms: kālañjaraḥ (कालञ्जरः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kālañjara (कालञ्जर).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. A name of Siva. 2. The name of a rock in Bundelk'hand, the modern Kallinjer. 3. The adjacent country. 4. An assembly or collection of religious medicants; Kallinjer is one of the places at which such assemblies meet, being enumerated in the Vedas amongst the Tapasyast'hanas, or spots adapted to practices of austere devotion. f. (-rā or -rī) An appellation of Durga, E. kāla in the second case, time or death, and jara who makes old, or causes to decay; irregularly deduced from the causal of jṝ to become old.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kālañjara (कालञ्जर).—m. The name of a range of mountains, Mahābhārata 3, 8198.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kālañjara (कालञ्जर):—m. Name of a sacred mountain in Bundalkhand (the modern Kalliñjer, a spot adapted to practices of austere devotion), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa] etc.

2) ([plural]) Name of the people living near that mountain, [Pāṇini 4-2, 125; Kāśikā-vṛtti]

3) an assembly or meeting-place of religious mendicants, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) Name of Śiva, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) Kālañjarā (कालञ्जरा):—[from kālañjara] f. Name of Durgā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kālañjara (कालञ्जर):—(raḥ) 1. m. Shiva; a rock; a country; a collection of mendicants. f. (rā-rī) Durgā.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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