Kalanga, Kālāṅga, Kala-anga: 10 definitions

Introduction:

Kalanga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Kālāṅga (कालाङ्ग) is the name of a nāga chief, presiding over Mahātala, according to the Parākhyatantra 5.44-45. Mahātala refers to one of the seven pātālas (‘subterranean paradise’). The word pātāla in this tantra refers to subterranean paradises for seekers of otherworldly pleasures and each the seven pātālas is occupied by a regent of the daityas, nāgas and rākṣasas.

The Parākhyatantra is an old Śaiva-siddhānta tantra dating from before the 10th century.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Kalanga in Yoga glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Yoga

Kālāṅga is one of the eighty-four Siddhas associated with eighty-four Yogic postures (āsanas), according to popular tradition in Jodhpur, Rājasthān. These posture-performing Siddhas are drawn from illustrative sources known as the Nava-nātha-caurāsī-siddha from Vȧrāṇasī and the Nava-nātha-caruāsī-siddha-bālāsundarī-yogamāyā from Puṇe. They bear some similarity between the eighty-four Siddhas painted on the walls of the sanctum of the temple in Mahāmandir.

The names of these Siddhas (e.g., Kālāṅga) to 19th-century inscription on a painting from Jodhpur, which is labelled as “Maharaja Mansing and eighty-four Yogis”. The association of Siddhas with yogis reveals the tradition of seeing Matsyendra and his disciple Gorakṣa as the founders of haṭhayoga.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Kalāṅga (कलाङ्ग) refers to a “body made of energies”.—The Triangle is full of the sixteen energies of the Full Moon [i.e., Candrapūrṇa], which is the Point in the centre. The goddess, who is represented by this Point is said to be “(...) the pure shade (i.e. energy) of the Moon who assumes a body made of energies (kalāṅga) called the City of the Moon”. The City of the Moon is not known to the Kubjikāmatatantra whereas another place with which the Triangle is identified in the later Tantras is, the Island of the Moon.

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (shaktism)

Kālāṅga (कालाङ्ग) or Kālāṅgatantra refers to one of the twenty-eight Gāruḍatantras, belonging to the Śāktāgama (or Śāktatantra) division of the Āgama tradition. The Śāktāgamas represent the wisdom imparted by Devī to Īśvara and convey the idea that the worship of Śakti is the means to attain liberation. According to the Pratiṣṭhālakṣaṇasamuccaya of Vairocana, the Śāktatantras are divided into to four parts, the Kālāṅga belonging to the Garuḍa class.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Kalanga in Congo is the name of a plant defined with Arachis hypogaea in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Arachis hypogaea var. nambyquarae (Hoehne) Burkart (among others).

2) Kalanga in Gabon is also identified with Millettia versicolor It has the synonym Isoberlinia scheffleri (Harms ex Engl.) Greenway (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding (1981)
· Food and chemical toxicology (1984)
· Journal of Wuhan Botanical Research (1998)
· International Journal of toxicology (2001)
· Prodromus Florae Peninsulae Indiae Orientalis (1834)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2006)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Kalanga, for example health benefits, extract dosage, pregnancy safety, diet and recipes, side effects, chemical composition, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kālāṅga (कालाङ्ग).—a. having a dark-blue body (as a sword with a dark-blue edge) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 4.8.1.;

Kālāṅga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kāla and aṅga (अङ्ग).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kālāṅga (कालाङ्ग).—adj. having a dark-blue blade, Mahābhārata 4, 231.

Kālāṅga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kāla and aṅga (अङ्ग).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kālāṅga (कालाङ्ग):—[from kāla] mfn. having a dark-blue body (as a sword with a dark-blue edge), [Mahābhārata iv, 231.]

[Sanskrit to German]

Kalanga in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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