Kalanemi, Kālanemi, Kālanemī, Kala-nemi: 5 definitions

Introduction

Kalanemi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (K) next»] — Kalanemi in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Kālanemi (कालनेमि).—A great Asura. In later years he was born as Kaṃsa, the son of Ugrasena. (See under Kaṃsa).

2) Kālanemi (कालनेमि).—A brahmin from Mālava. His father was called Yajñasena. (Kathāsaritsāgara, Kathāmukhalambaka).

3) Kālanemi (कालनेमि).—A Rākṣasa. During the Rāma-Rāvaṇa war, when Lakṣmaṇa swooned, Hanūmān started for Droṇa mountain for medicine. Rāvaṇa deputed Kālanemi to obstruct the path of Hanūmān. Well acquainted with the trickeries of the Rākṣasas Hanūmān killed Kālanemi who appeared before him disguised as a sage. (Adhyātma Rāmāyaṇa, Yuddha Kāṇḍa, Canto 67).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Kālanemī (कालनेमी).—A son of Virocana and father of four sons.1 Kaṃsā's previous birth as Kālanemī sent his śūla towards Hari who vanquished him with the same implement;2 residing in Atalam (IV tala or abhastalam).3 Killed by Hari in Tārakāmaya, where he was a commander; rode on a chariot of elephants, used illusory powers and brahmāstra in the war; devas as prisoners of war but released by Tāraka; attacked Hari and fell dead slain by his cakra.4

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 67. 76; 80; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 5. 39.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 1. 68; VIII. 10. 56; X. 51. 42; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 1. 22, 23, 65.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 20. 32; Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 31.
  • 4) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 72. 21; Matsya-purāṇa 148. 42-51; 150. 140-189; 154. 3; 160. 3 & 18; 176. 49; chaps. 177-78; Vāyu-purāṇa 97. 22.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (K) next»] — Kalanemi in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

1) Kālanemi (कालनेमि) is the name of a son of Yajñasoma, a Brāhman from the country of Mālava whose story is told in the “story of Śridatta and Mṛgāṅkavatī”, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 10. He and his brother Vigatabhaya ventured to Pāṭaliputra in order to acquire learning from Devaśarman.

2) Kālanemi (कालनेमि) is the name of an Asura, who was later born as Hiraṇyakaśipu and then Kapiñjala, and was later born as Bhāsa, father of Prabhāsa, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 50. Accordingly, as Brahmā said to Indra during the war between Śrutaśarman and Sūryaprabha: “... for that Asura Namuci, who was so hard for the gods to subdue, and who was then born again as Prabala, one entire and perfect jewel, has now been born as the invincible Prabhāsa, son of Bhāsa, and Bhāsa too was in a former birth the great Asura Kālanemi, who afterwards became Hiraṇyakaśipu and then Kapiñjala”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Kālanemi, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kālanemi (कालनेमि).—

1) the rim of the wheel of time.

2) Name of a demon, uncle of Rāvaṇa, deputed by him to kill Hanūmat.

3) Name of a demon with 1 hands killed by Viṣṇu. °अरिः, रिपुः, हरः, हन् (ariḥ, ripuḥ, haraḥ, han) m. epithets of Kṛṣṇa.

Derivable forms: kālanemiḥ (कालनेमिः).

Kālanemi is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kāla and nemi (नेमि).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kālanemi (कालनेमि).—m.

(-miḥ) 1. A demon, the son of Hiranyakasipu. 2. A Rakshasa described in the Ramayana

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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