Kaksha, Kakṣā, Kākṣa, Kakṣa, Kaksheshu: 17 definitions



Kaksha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Kakṣā and Kākṣa and Kakṣa can be transliterated into English as Kaksa or Kaksha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Manblunder: Sri Rudram 2.7-13

Kakṣa (कक्ष) means hidden place and in those places also, He (Rudra) nourishes the plants and animals.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Kakṣa (कक्ष) is a Sanskrit technical term translating to “armpit”, and used in Ayurvedic literature such as the Suśruta-saṃhitā.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Kakṣa (कक्ष).—A place of habitation of ancient Bhārata. (Śloka 49, Chapter 9, Bhīṣma Parva).

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Kākṣa (काक्ष) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. ) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Kākṣa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: archive.org: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Kakṣā (कक्षा) refers to a “point of excellence” and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 6.81. Nārāyaṇa explains the word utkarṣa, Mallinātha as utkṛṣṭāvasthā, Cāṇḍūpaṇḍita as pratiṣṭākoṭi.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kakṣa (कक्ष).—m S The axilla or armpit. 2 A side or flank.

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kakṣā (कक्षा).—f S In disputation. Objection or reply. 2 An apartment. 3 Orbit (of a planet or satellite).

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kakṣa (कक्ष).—m The armpit. A side or flank.

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kakṣā (कक्षा).—f Objection or reply. Orbit (of a planet).

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kakṣa (कक्ष).—1 A lurking or hiding place; क्रोष्टा वराहं निरतक्त कक्षात् (kroṣṭā varāhaṃ niratakta kakṣāt) Rv.1.28.4.

2) The end of the lower garment; see कक्षा (kakṣā).

3) A climbing plant, creeper.

4) Grass, dry grass; यतस्तु कक्षस्तत एव वह्निः (yatastu kakṣastata eva vahniḥ) R.7.55,11.75; यथोद्धरति निर्दाता कक्षं धान्यं च रक्षति (yathoddharati nirdātā kakṣaṃ dhānyaṃ ca rakṣati) Ms.7.11.

5) A forest of dead trees, dry wood; Bṛī. Up.2.9.7.

6) The arm-pit; °अन्तर (antara) Pt.1 the cavity of the armpit; प्रक्षिप्योदर्चिषं कक्षे शेरते तेऽभिमारुतम् (prakṣipyodarciṣaṃ kakṣe śerate te'bhimārutam) Śi.2.42.

7) The harem of a king.

8) The interior of a forest; आशु निर्गत्य कक्षात् (āśu nirgatya kakṣāt) Ṛs.1.27; कक्षान्तरगतो वायुः (kakṣāntaragato vāyuḥ) Rām.

9) The side of flank (of anything); ते सरांसि सरित्कक्षान् (te sarāṃsi saritkakṣān) Rām.4.47.2.

1) A woman's girdle; as in आबद्धनिबिडकक्षैः (ābaddhanibiḍakakṣaiḥ).

11) A surrounding wall.

12) A part of a boat.

13) The orbit of a planet.

14) A buffalo.

15) A gate; उपेत्य स यदुश्रेष्टो बाह्यकक्षाद्विनिर्गतः (upetya sa yaduśreṣṭo bāhyakakṣādvinirgataḥ) Mb.2.2.12.

16) The Beleric Myrobalan or Terminalia Belerica (Mar. gugguḷa, behaḍā).

17) A marshy ground.

-kṣā 1 Painful boils in the arm-pit.

2) An elephant's rope; also his girth.

3) A woman's girdle or zone; a girdle, waist-band (in general); 'कक्षा बृहति- कायां स्यात्काञ्च्यां मध्येभबन्धने (kakṣā bṛhati- kāyāṃ syātkāñcyāṃ madhyebhabandhane)' इति विश्वः (iti viśvaḥ); युघे परैः सह दृढबद्ध- कक्षया (yughe paraiḥ saha dṛḍhabaddha- kakṣayā) Śi.17.24.

4) A surrounding wall; a wall,

5) The waist, middle part; एते हि विद्युद्गुणबद्धकक्षा (ete hi vidyudguṇabaddhakakṣā) Mk.5.21.

6) A courtyard; area, Rām.4.33.19 (saptakakṣā); त्रीणि गुल्मान्यतीयाय तिस्रः कक्षाश्च स द्विजः (trīṇi gulmānyatīyāya tisraḥ kakṣāśca sa dvijaḥ) Bhāg.1.8.16.

7) An enclosure.

8) An inner apartment, a private chamber; room in general; 'कक्षा कच्छे वस्त्रायां काञ्च्यां गेहे प्रकोष्ठके (kakṣā kacche vastrāyāṃ kāñcyāṃ gehe prakoṣṭhake)' इति यादवः (iti yādavaḥ); Ku.7.7; Ms.7.224; गृहकलहंसकान- नुसरन् कक्षान्तरप्रधावितः (gṛhakalahaṃsakāna- nusaran kakṣāntarapradhāvitaḥ) K.63,182; कक्षासु रक्षितैर्दक्षैस्तार्क्ष्यः सर्पेष्विवापतत् (kakṣāsu rakṣitairdakṣaistārkṣyaḥ sarpeṣvivāpatat) Parṇāl.3.38.

9) A harem.

1) Similarity.

11) An upper garment; दुर्योधनो हस्तिनं पद्मवर्णं सुवर्णकक्षम् (duryodhano hastinaṃ padmavarṇaṃ suvarṇakakṣam) Mb.6.2.7.

12) Objection or reply in argument (in Logic &c.).

13) Emulation or rivalry.

14) A secluded part of an edifice; गत्वा कक्षान्तरं त्वन्यत् (gatvā kakṣāntaraṃ tvanyat) Ms.7.224.

15) A particular part of a carriage.

16) The jeweller's weight, Rati.

17) The end of the lower garment which, after the cloth is girt round the lower part of the body, is brought up behind and tucked into the waistband (Mar. kāṃsoṭā)

18) Tying up the waist.

19) The wrist.

2) Border or lace; स्वर्णकक्ष- पताकाभिः (svarṇakakṣa- patākābhiḥ) Bhāg.9.1.37.

21) The basin of a balance (kakṣaḥ also).

-kṣam 1 A star.

2) Sin.

Derivable forms: kakṣaḥ (कक्षः).

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Kākṣa (काक्ष).—[kutsitamakṣaṃ atra, koḥ kādeśaḥ; Sk. on P.VI.3.14] A side-long look, a glance.

-kṣam Frown, look of displeasure, malicious look; काक्षेणानादरेक्षितः (kākṣeṇānādarekṣitaḥ) Bk.5.24. काक्षेण पश्यति लिखत्यभिखां नयज्ञः (kākṣeṇa paśyati likhatyabhikhāṃ nayajñaḥ) Dūtavākyam 1.12.

Derivable forms: kākṣaḥ (काक्षः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kakṣa (कक्ष).—m.

(-kṣaḥ) 1. The armpit. 2. A spreading creeper, a climbing plant. 3. Grass. 4. Dry grass. 5. A wood, a forest. 6. A forest of dead trees, a dry wood. 7. A private or inner chamber or part of a house. 8. Sin. 9. A buffalo. 10. The side or flank. 11. (In astro- nomy,) The orbit of a planet, or the circle anciently termed a deferent. 12. A gate. 13. The beleric myrobalan, (Terminalia belerica.) mf.

(-kṣaḥ-kṣā) 1. A wall. 2. The end of the lower garment, which after the cloth is carried round the body, is brought up behind, and tucked into the waistband. f.

(-kṣā) 1. An elephant’s rope, the string round his neck, also his girth. 2. A woman’s girdle or zone. 3. An enclosure, a part or division of an edifice. 4. A part of a car. 5. Objection or reply in argument. 6. Similarity, parity. 7. Emulation, rivalship. 8. The jeweller’s weight, the Retti. 9. Painful boils in the armpit, side, shoulder, &c. n.

(-kṣaṃ) A constellation, a star: see kakṣyā, kaccha, kāñci, &c. E. kaṣ to hurt or kill, sa Unadi affix, fem. ṭāp.

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Kākṣa (काक्ष).—mfn.

(-kṣaḥ-kṣā-kṣaṃ) Frowning, looking, scornfully or in displeasure. m.

(-kṣaḥ) A glance, a wink or leer. n.

(-kṣaṃ) A frown, a look of displeasure. E. for ku diminutive or depreciative, and akṣi the eye. f. (-kṣī) 1. A sort of trefoil, (Cytisus cojan.) 2. A perfume, a fragrant kind of earth. E. kakṣa a creeping plant, aṇ and ṅīp affs.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kakṣa (कक्ष).—I. m. 1. A spreading creeper, Mahābhārata 3, 12548; weed, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 110. 2. A dry wood, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 5, 24. 3. A forest, Mahābhārata 15, 1082. 4. The side or flank, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 36, 108 (of an army). 5. pl. The name of a people, Mahābhārata 6, 356. Ii. m. and f. kṣā. 1. The armpit, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 10, 19; [Mṛcchakaṭikā, (ed. Stenzler.)] 34, 11. 2. The end of the lower garment tucked into the waistband, Mahābhārata 2, 902; [Pañcatantra] 32, 25 (used for keeping money). Iii. f. kṣā. 1. A girdle, Mahābhārata 4, 1749. 2. A wall, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 32, 32. 3. An enclosure, a part of an edifice, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 224.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kakṣa (कक्ष).—[masculine] hiding-place, recess; thicket, weeds; [feminine] ā enclosed court, private apartment; [masculine] & [feminine] ā armpit, region of the girth; girdle, cincture; balance (mostly [feminine]); likeness, similarity; rivalry, emulation (only [feminine])

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kakṣa (कक्ष):—m. (√kaṣ, [Uṇādi-sūtra iii, 62]; cf.kac), lurking-place, hiding-place, [Ṛg-veda x, 28, 4; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā xi, 79]

2) a wood, large wood (?), [Ṛg-veda vi, 45, 31]

3) a forest of dead trees, a dry wood, underwood (often the lair of wild beasts), [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Tāṇḍya-brāhmaṇa; Manu-smṛti] etc.

4) an inner recess, the interior of a forest

5) grass, dry grass

6) a spreading creeper, climbing plant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) side or flank, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) sin, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) a gate, [Horace H. Wilson]

10) a buffalo, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) Terminalia Bellerica, [Horace H. Wilson]

12) mf. the armpit (as the most concealed part of the human body), region of the girth, [Atharva-veda vi, 127, 2; Suśruta; Mṛcchakaṭikā] etc.;

13) cf. [Latin] coxa, ‘hip’; O.H.G. hahsa; [Zend] kasha; cf. Sk. kaccha

14) a girdle, zone, belt, girth, [Mahābhārata; Bhāgavata-purāṇa] etc.

15) the end of the lower garment (which, after the cloth is carried round the body, is brought up behind and tucked into the waistband)

16) hem, border, lace, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa ix, 10, 37]

17) the scale of a balance, [Kāvyādarśa; Vikramāṅkadeva-carita, by Bilhaṇa]

18) Kakṣā (कक्षा):—[from kakṣa] f. painful boils in the armpit, [Suśruta]

19) [v.s. ...] a surrounding wall, a wall, any place surrounded by walls (as a court-yard, a secluded portion of a building, a private chamber or room in general), [Mahābhārata; Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Manu-smṛti] etc.

20) [v.s. ...] the orbit of a planet, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Sūryasiddhānta] etc.

21) [v.s. ...] the periphery, circumference, [Sūryasiddhānta xii, 65]

22) [v.s. ...] balance, equality, similarity, resemblance, [Mahābhārata xii, 7269; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā 26, 6]

23) [v.s. ...] emulation, rivalry, object of emulation, [Naiṣadha-carita]

24) [v.s. ...] the jeweller’s weight called Retti, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

25) [v.s. ...] objection or reply in argument, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

26) [v.s. ...] a particular part of a carriage, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

27) Kakṣa (कक्ष):—m. [plural] Name of a people, [Mahābhārata; Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

28) Kākṣa (काक्ष):—1. kākṣa mfn. ([from] 2. + akṣa) frowning, looking scornfully or in displeasure, [Siddhānta-kaumudī on Pāṇini 6-3, 104 [Scholiast or Commentator] on Bhaṭṭi-kāvya v, 24]

29) mn. a glance, wink, leer, [Pāṇini 6-3, 104; Bhaṭṭi-kāvya v, 24; Vopadeva vi, 93] (cf. kaṭākṣa.)

30) 2. kākṣa m. a kind of plant [gana] plakṣādi in the [Kāśikā-vṛtti]

31) n. the fruit of the same, [ib.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kakṣa (कक्ष):—(kṣaḥ) 1. m. The armpit, the side; a creeper; grass; orbit. n. A star. f. kṣā Girdle; an elephant’s rope, enclosure; effort.

2) Kākṣa (काक्ष):—(i) kāṃkṣati 1. a. To desire. With ā to desire much.

3) (kṣaḥ) 1. m. A glance. n. Frown. a. Frowning, scorning.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kakṣā (कक्षा) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Acchā, Kaccha, Kacchā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kaksha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Kakṣa (कक्ष) [Also spelled kaksh]:—(nm) a room, chamber; armpit; side, flank.

2) Kakṣā (कक्षा):—(nf) class, class-room; orbit.

3) (nf) defence; protection; guarding; safe-keeping; custody; [kavaca] an armlet reinforced by a charm/spell and meant to defend somebody against likely affliction/calamity; -[kārya] defence work; -[gṛha] a defence-post; ~[baṃdhana] a festival (also called [salūno]) held on the full-moon day of the month of [śrāvaṇa] when sisters tie a sacramental thread on the wrist of their brothers and are guaranteed life-long protection; -[pakti] line of defence; -[maṃtrālaya] the ministry of defence; -[maṃtrī] Defence Minister; -[senā] defence force.

context information


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