Rudrasharman, Rudraśarman: 11 definitions


Rudrasharman means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Rudraśarman can be transliterated into English as Rudrasarman or Rudrasharman, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Rudrasharman in Purana glossary
Source: Catalogue of the Sanskrit manuscripts in the library of the India Office (purana)

Rudraśarman mentioned in the Kālikāpurāṇa.—At the same city (Kānakhalī) they then meet with a Brāhman, Rudraśarman (also called Śaṅkara, being indeed Śiva himself) who pretends to have been on a pilgrimage to Gaṅgādvāra; and induces them to travel with him to his native place, Ikagarta or Kañcī (Conjevaram), ruled over by Candragupta, on the plea that the state of morals prevailing among its inhabitants would offer a good field for the magic metal, from which they have in the meantime fashioned many other objects and implements.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Rudrasharman in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: The Vetālapañcaviṃśati

Rudraśarman (रुद्रशर्मन्) is the name of a Brāhman according to the second story found in Jambhaladatta’s version of the Vetālapañcaviṃśati. The name Rudraśarman literally means “whose joy is Rudra”. Rudraśarman, by means of a magic incantation, brought a brāhman’s son back to life after he had been thrown into the fire.

The Vetālapañcaviṃśati is a Sanskrit work relating twenty-five stories of a vetāla (vampire). Jambhaladatta’s version is closeley related to those written by Somadeva, Kṣemendra and Śivadāsa.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Rudraśarman (रुद्रशर्मन्) is the name of a Brāhman who, after he became a householder, gave birth to a son named Bālavinaṣṭaka, according to Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 14. After king Udayana got married to Vāsavadattā, he ordered Yaugandharāyaṇa and Rumaṇvat to “confer appropriate distinctions on the kings who had come to visit him”. Finding it a difficult task, Yaugandharāyaṇa related the “story of the clever deformed child”, which centers around Vinaṣṭaka, later to be called Bālavinaṣṭaka.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Rudraśarman, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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India history and geography

Source: Beginings of South Indian History

Rudraśarman is believed to have made the Ahananuru (Akanaṉūṟu or Akananuru) collection, dating from approximately 600 BCE.—The Ahanānūru collection for which this Bhāratampaḍiya Perundēvanār made an invocatory verse is believed to have been collected together by a Madura Brahman Rudraśarman, son of Uppūri Kiḻar, and the collection was made for the Pāṇḍyan Ugrāperuvaḻudi. We find the name of this Rudraśarman, son of Uppūri Kuḍi Kiḻār, associated with the commentary of Narkirar of the Iraiyanār Ahaporuḷ. He is described there inthe same terms and with the same details.

Source: Epigraphia Indica Vol. 1 (1892)

Rudraśarman (रुद्रशर्मन्) is the name of a Brāhman mentioned in the Pallava grant of king Śivaskandavarman. He is also known as Rudasama. The Prākrit Pallava king Śivaskandavarman of Kāñcī, who was affiliated to the Brahmanical gotra of the Bhāradvājas, confirmed and enlarged, in the eighth year of his reign, a donation, made formerly by the great king, the lord Bappa (i.e., probably his father), to certain Brahmans (e.g., Rudraśarman), who resided at Āpiṭṭi or Āpiṭṭī, and were bhojakas, i.e., probably freeholders of the vilalge Chillarekakoḍuṃka or Chillerekakoḍuṃka.

According to the 4th century Pallava grant, “... and we grant here an immunity (viz.) the garden in Chillarekakoḍuṃka, which was formerly given by the great king, the lord Bappa, a giver of many krors of gold and of one hundred thousand ox-ploughs,—while he made (the gift) a means of the increase of the merit, longevity, power and fame of (his) own family and race —to the Brāhmans, freeholders of Chillarekakoḍuṃka (and) inhabitants of Āpiṭṭi, (viz.) ... to Rudasama (Rudraśarman) of the Vātsya gotra one share of the produce ...”

Source: The Successors Of The Satavahanas In Lower Deccan: Chronology of the Viṣṇukuṇḍins

Rudraśarman (रुद्रशर्मन्), a scholar of the Taittirīya school, belonging to the Gautama-gotra, resident of Asanapura-sthāna, son of Śivaśarman and grandson of Dāmaśarman. Rudraśarman, as successor of his father (Jayasiṃha), enjoyed the agrahāra for some time before the 6th year of Jayasiṃha I, i.e., before c. 637 A. D. The most interesting point in this connection, however, is that Rudraśarman in Jayasiṃha (I)’s grant is called “resident of the town of Asanapura.” He is expected to have resided at Kuṇḻūra in Karmarāṣṭra, the original place of his father or at Polamuru, the agrahāra granted to his father by king Mādhavavarman I.

Rudraśarman, the āgrahārika of Polamuru, had to flee to the town of Asanapura (near Draksharama in the Godavari district) in this troubled period, but came after some time, when Jayasiṃha I was temporarily or permanently master of the whole of the Guddavādi-viṣaya or a considerable part of it.

Source: Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Vol. 5 (inscriptions of the Vakatakas): Chammak plates of Pravarasena II

Rudraśarman (रुद्रशर्मन्) is the name of a Brāhmaṇa mentioned in the seal of the Chamak copper plates of King Pravarasena II (r. 400-415 CE). Chammak, or Chamak, is modern name of the ancient village Charmāṅka, situated four miles south-west of Achalpur in the Amarāvatī district of Vidarbha.

According to the grant, “this grant shall be enjoyed by the Brāhmaṇas (e.g., Rudraśarman) as long as the sun and the moon will endure, provided that they commit no treason against the kingdom consisting of seven constituents of the (future) kings; that they are not found guilty of the murder of a Brāhmaṇa, theft, adultery and high treason, etc.; that they do not wage war; (and) that they do no harm to other villages. But if they act otherwise or assent to such acts, the king will commit no theft if he takes the land away (from them)”.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Rudrasharman in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rudraśarman (रुद्रशर्मन्).—[masculine] names of Brahmans.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rudraśarman (रुद्रशर्मन्):—[=rudra-śarman] [from rudra > rud] m. Name of a Brāhman, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

[Sanskrit to German]

Rudrasharman in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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