Kumarapala, Kumārapāla: 11 definitions


Kumarapala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

[«previous next»] — Kumarapala in Chandas glossary
Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Kumārapāla (कुमारपाल) was initiated into Jainism by Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.), the famous Jain author who has contributed a lot to the study of Sanskrit Prosody by way of writing his monumental work Chandonuśāsana. Hemacandra initiated Kumārapāla into Jainism. Hemacandra was offered to Devacandra to serve Jainism when he was five years of age, being named as Somacandra. After becoming a Sūri, he was renamed as Hemacandra.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Kumarapala in Jainism glossary
Source: Shodhganga: A cultural study on the jain western Indian illustrated manuscripts

Kumārapāla (कुमारपाल).—Kumārapāla (1143-1172 A.D.) is said to have established 21 jñana-bhaṇḍāras. He employed 700 scribes and which some of them are written in gold. The two brothers have become interested in learning and established big libraries under their teachers Vijayasena sūri and Udayaprabha sūri in Mandu, Baruch, Devgiri and Abu.

Source: academia.edu: Tessitori Collection I

Kumārapāla (कुमारपाल) or Kumārapālakathā refers to one of the 157 stories embedded in the Kathāmahodadhi by Somacandra (narrating stories from Jain literature, based on the Karpūraprakara), which is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.—The Kathāmahodadhi represents a repository of 157 stories [e.g., Kumārapāla-kathā] written in prose Sanskrit, although each of them is preceded by a verse. Together, they stage a large number of Jain characters (including early teachers). [...]

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): (Jainism)

Kumārapāla (कुमारपाल) is the name of an ancient king from the Caulukya dynasty, according to the 12th century Yogaśāstra (verse 12.55) by Hemacandra: a Jain treatise dealing with Yoga and the highest reality (tattva).—Accordingly, “[This] Upaniṣad of Yoga, which is a cause of wonder in the mind of the assembly of the wise, was known from scripture, from the mouth of a good Guru and a little from experience in various places. Because of the profuse requesting of the Caulukya king, Kumārapāla, it was placed in the realm of words by his teacher, the honourable Hemacandra. [...]”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: OpenEdition books: Vividhatīrthakalpaḥ (History)

Kumārapāla (कुमारपाल) refers to one of the kings of the Caulukya (Cālukka) dynasty of Gujarat, as is mentioned in the Vividhatīrthakalpa by Jinaprabhasūri (13th century A.D.): an ancient text devoted to various Jaina holy places (tīrthas).—Accordingly, “Kumārapāla had a temple built for Mahāvīra on Mount Abu.—Kumārapāla had a statue of Pārśva carved and installed in Serīsa”.—List of the eleven Caulukya kings of which Aṇahilapura was the capital: Mūlarāja, Cāmuṇḍarāja, Vallabharāja, Durlabha, Bhīmadeva, Karṇa, Jayasiṃha, Kumārapāla, Ajayapāla, Bālamūlarāja, Bhīmadeva.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kumarapala in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kumārapāla (कुमारपाल).—m.

(-laḥ) 1. A name of Raja Salivahana. 2. Name of a king of Guzerat. E. kumāra a child, and pāla a cherisher.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Kumārapāla (कुमारपाल) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—king, patron of Hemacandra Kh. 11. 46 (between 1143-74).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kumārapāla (कुमारपाल):—[=kumāra-pāla] [from kumāra] m. Name of a king (= śāli-vāhana, [Horace H. Wilson])

2) [v.s. ...] Name of a king of Guzerat, [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kumārapāla (कुमारपाल):—[kumāra-pāla] (laḥ) 1. m. Sālivāhana.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kumarapala in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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