Kahala, Kāhala: 20 definitions
Kahala means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Kāhala (काहल).—In Rama's abhiṣeka.*
- * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 4. 100.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Ayurveda (science of life)
Kāhala (काहल) refers to a “kind of musical instrument, which sound is same as to cocks sound” and is a synonym (another name) for the Kukkuṭa, according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Gitashastra (science of music)
Kāhala (काहल) refers to a musical instrument classified as Suṣira (“those instruments which are filled with holes (and is hollow from inside)”) which represents one of the four kinds of Instrumental Music, produced by an instrument (ātodya), according to the Saṃgītaratnākara.—The suṣira kind of instrument is also known as wind instrument. According to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, instruments like flute etc. fall under the group of suṣira kind of instrument. In the Saṃgītaratnākara, different kinds of wind instruments are mentioned, e.g., kāhala.
Gitashastra (गीतशास्त्र, gītaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of Music (gita or samgita), which is traditionally divided in Vocal music, Instrumental music and Dance (under the jurisdiction of music). The different elements and technical terms are explained in a wide range of (often Sanskrit) literature.
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)
1) Kāhala (काहल) refers to a “trumpet” and represents one of the items held in the right hand of Heruka: one of the main deities of the Herukamaṇḍala described in the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Heruka is positioned in the Lotus (padma) at the center; He is the origin of all heroes; He has 17 faces (with three eyes on each) and 76 arms [holding, for example, kāhala]; He is half black and half green in color; He is dancing on a flaming sun placed on Bhairava and Kālarātrī.
2) Kāhala (काहल) is the name of a Vīra (hero) who, together with the Ḍākinī named Kāhalī forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Ākāśacakra, according to the same work. Accordingly, the ākāśacakra refers to one of the three divisions of the dharma-puṭa (‘dharma layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs and Vīras [viz., Kāhala] are dark blue in color; they each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
General definition (in Jainism)
Kāhalā (काहला) refers to a kind of flute, according to chapter 1.2 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism. Accordingly, “[...] Then some gods beat loudly drums that made the mountains of the gods reverberate with loud echoes from caves. [...] Some gods, standing on the top of the rock, blew kāhalās having a powerful sound like cowherds blowing cow-horns. [...]”.
Note: Kāhalā is defined in the Nāṭyadarpaṇa as being made of pure copper, hollow in the middle.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geography
Kāhala or Kāhalā.—(EI 24; IA 15), a musical instrument; a trumpet. See kākala. Note: kāhala is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
kāhāḷa (काहाळ).—n f (Poetry. kāhala or kāhalā S) An ancient instrument of music, according to some, Cymbals, but, more probable, a horn. Ex. mōharī pāṃvē śiṅgēṃ vāhilyā kāhāḷā || dēkhilā sāṃvaḷā brahmā- dikīṃ ||.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
1) Dry, withered.
3) Excessive, spacious, large.
-laḥ 1 A cat.
2) A cock.
3) A crow.
4) A sound in general.
-lam 1 Indistinct speech.
2) A kind of musical instrument; गायन्तीभिः काहलं काहलाभिः (gāyantībhiḥ kāhalaṃ kāhalābhiḥ) Śiśupālavadha 18.54.
-lam ind. Very much, excessively; Śiśupālavadha 18.54.
-lā A large drum (military).
-lī A young woman.
-laḥ. -lā, -lam A horn.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Kāhala (काहल).—adj. (in this meaning only Prakrit according to Hemacandra i.214, 254), downcast, fainthearted (= kātara, Hemacandra): mā °lo bhava Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya ii.20.11; so Tibetan, mi dgyes par ma mdzad cig.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-laḥ-lā-laṃ) 1. Dry, withered. 2. Mischievous. 3. Large, excessive. f. (-lī) 1. One of the Apsaras or courtezans of Indra'S heaven. 2. The sound of any tube, pipe or musical instrument.
(-lā) A young woman. mf.
(-laḥ-lā) A horn, either a cow horn, or an instrument of that shape. m.
(-laḥ) 1. A cock. 2. Sound in general. 3. A cat. n.
(-laṃ) Indistinct speech. adv. Much, excessively. E. ka pleasure, the head, &c. hal to plough or divide, with āṅ prefixed, affix ac.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kāhala (काहल).—m. A large drum, [Pañcatantra] 20, 8. f. A musical instrument, probably a large drum, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 464.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kāhala (काहल).—[adjective] improper, unbecoming (speech); [masculine] a large drum, [feminine] ā a cert. wind-instrument.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum
Kāhala (काहल) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—on music. See Kohala. Quoted by Mallinātha on Kumārasambhava 7, 91.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Kāhala (काहल):—mfn. speaking unbecomingly, [Hemacandra’s Yoga-śāstra]
2) speaking indistinctly, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
3) mischievous, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
4) large, excessive, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
5) dry, withered, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
6) m. a large drum, [Pañcatantra]
7) a sound, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
8) a cat, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
9) a cock, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
10) Name of an author
11) Kāhalā (काहला):—[from kāhala] f. a kind of musical instrument, [Rājataraṅgiṇī v, 464]
12) [v.s. ...] Name of an Apsaras, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
13) Kāhala (काहल):—n. unbecoming speech, [Sāma-vidhāna-brāhmaṇa]
14) a kind of musical instrument, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kāhala (काहल):—[(laḥ-lā-laṃ) a.] Dry; mischievous; large. 1. m. A cock; a sound; a cat. f. lī a celestial courtezan; sound of a pipe. f. lā a young woman. m. f. (laḥ-lā) A horn. n. (laṃ) Indistinct speech.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Kāhala (काहल) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Kāhala, Kāhalā.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
1) Kāhala (काहल) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Kātara.
2) Kāhala (काहल) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Kāhala.
3) Kāhalā (काहला) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Kāhalā.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
Kāhala (ಕಾಹಲ):—[noun] = ಕಾಹಳೆ [kahale].
--- OR ---
1) [noun] a cat.
2) [noun] a cock; a rooster.
3) [noun] a crow.
4) [noun] a sound in gen.
--- OR ---
Kāhaḷa (ಕಾಹಳ):—[noun] = ಕಾಹಳೆ [kahale].
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Kahalapushpa, Kahalarava, Kahalashiksha.
Ends with: Makahala, Patrakahala, Pattrakahala.
Full-text (+1): Kalahaka, Kahaka, Kahali, Kahalapushpa, Patrakahala, Kakala, Kahalin, Katara, Ekapushkala, Pattrakahala, Dhvaninala, Kalacika, Ga, La, Guru, Laghu, Dirgha, Hrasva, Susira, Akashacakra.
Search found 11 books and stories containing Kahala, Kāhala, Kāhāḷa, Kāhāla, Kāhalā, Kāhaḷa; (plurals include: Kahalas, Kāhalas, Kāhāḷas, Kāhālas, Kāhalās, Kāhaḷas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Chaitanya Bhagavata (by Bhumipati Dāsa)
Verse 1.15.148-149 < [Chapter 15 - Marriage with Śrī Viṣṇupriyā]
Verse 3.8.103 < [Chapter 8 - Mahāprabhu’s Water Sports in Narendra- sarovara]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 5: Bāhubali’s march < [Chapter V]
Appendix 1.6: New and rare words < [Appendices]
Part 4: Birth ceremonies of Ṛṣabha < [Chapter II]
Song 21 < [Kaiśora-Līlā-Vivāha (Ages 11-15 Pastimes And The Lord’s Wedding)]
Song 14 < [Paugaṇḍa-līlā (Ages 6-10—Pastimes)]
Song 28 < [Kaiśora-Līlā, Prabhura Dvitīya-vivāha (The Lord’s Second Wedding)]
Significance of the Moon in Ancient Civilizations (by Radhakrishnan. P)
6. Pratyusha Banerjee Sucide Case < [Chapter 14 - Case Studies of Natal Chart]
2. Dr. Balamuralikrishna (Carnatic Voclist) < [Chapter 14 - Case Studies of Natal Chart]
8. Poetess Smt. Nalapat Balamani Amma < [Chapter 14 - Case Studies of Natal Chart]
Vishnudharmottara Purana (Art and Architecture) (by Bhagyashree Sarma)
4. Instrumental Music (Vādya) < [Chapter 2 - Music]
Uday Shankar < [July-August 1933]